A Kantian Critique of Physician-Assisted Death” by Hoa Trung Dinh, the article explores the views and thoughts of physician-assisted deaths and if they are morally ethical. Autonomy plays a major role in biomedical ethics and is described as “making own decisions for yourself, not others, without inappropriate influence” therefore the autonomy of physician-assisted deaths would come in to play when the patient is deciding
Life is never guaranteed and whether it is through an illness or an accident, we as humans are eventually going to die. Physicians Assisted suicide is one of the most controversial issues. The issue of doctor-assisted suicide has been the subject of the heated dispute in recent years. While some oppose the idea that a physician should aid in ending a life, others believe that physicians should be permitted in helping a patient to end his or her unbearable suffering when faced with a terminal illness. Furthermore, Physician-assisted suicide should be legal; it should be the patient’s right to decide when and how he or she should die.
Better symptom management and palliative care, appropriate referrals to counsellors and hospices and increased knowledge about the right of a competent adult to refuse treatment even if the refusal will hasten death may provide satisfactory alternative to assisted suicide. McCormick (2011) states patients have the fundamental right to make decisions about their own medical care, including the decision to withhold or withdraw treatment and right to die. The patient may have had the opportunity to prepare advance care directives which is the advance expression of wishes by a person, at a time when they have the capacity to express their wishes, about certain treatment that might arise at a future time
As I have said, they believe someone else holds your life in their hands, that someone else decides what happens to it. I mean, I definitely believe things happen for a reason, and that if you have something going on then the best way is to deal with it, but if the person is already dying and there is no hope, then shouldn’t they get to die when they are still happy and still in the right mind set. I would definitely not want people to suffer and just await death, never knowing when it’s coming. I hope that they can see where I am coming from, and can see why assisted suicide should be legalized in more states. Sophie Warnes states that “In 2013, 0.21% of all deaths in Oregon were due to the Death With Dignity Act, and the latest data (from 2012) on assisted deaths in Washington is very similar at 0.23%.
That means the doctor is assisting with the homicide because the patient’s death was only possible if the doctor contributed the needed drugs. Laws protect the doctors from possible accusations. This supports the claim that assisted suicide is wrong. Clearly the patient’s life is negatively affected, but now so are the life’s of the nurses and doctors. If no one is benefiting from it, then why should it be considered a medical
Some protesters say that assisted suicide is unconstitutional, and bring up the 14th amendment of the Constitution. It states "No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law”. The Due Process Clause allows a person the right to make their own decisions about important choices, in this case, death with dignity. By denying terminally ill patients assistance to dying, we take away the little bit of control they have over their own
Although there are many positive aspects of medically assisted suicide, there are also many negative aspects. Those who disagree with assisted suicide feel as though it is unethical. How is it ever right for us to purposefully kill another human being. As a health care providers role, it is their duty to do whatever they can to maintain the wellness of their patient. According to 8 Main Pros and Cons of Legalizing Physician Assisted Suicide (2014), all health care providers must follow the Hippocratic Oath, which in it states that physicians are unable to give deadly medications to a patient, whether requested or not and they aren’t allowed to suggest it to a terminally ill patient either.
Euthanasia and physician assisted suicide is an act in which a terminally ill patient should have all rights to participate in such actions. Many individuals mistaken the difference between the two, euthanasia is the act of which the doctor or third party is performing the final act of death. In the case of physician assisted suicide, the last and final act is performed by the terminally ill themselves. No matter which option a patient decides to choose, it is their choice on how they decide to handle their bodies. We often forget as a society that abortions and living wills are examples of how we choose to govern and treat our own bodies.
As stated previously, there are two types of euthanasia which is used mostly by the whole world which is active euthanasia and passive euthanasia that. Active euthanasia is takes specific steps and end a person’s life by forces to kill a person with administration of drugs. However, passive euthanasia is withdrawal of life-sustaining medical treatment that is being withhold by the doctor. For example, disconnecting the feeding tube of the patients, switching off the life-support machines and using large doses of drug such as morphine on patient to control the pain that may cause fatal on respiratory systems. The ideas behind this moral distinction is that in passive euthanasia the doctors are not actively killing anyone but they are just not saving the patients.
There are more than four types of euthanasia such as active euthanasia, which means that death is caused directly by another person by giving the patient a poisonous injection. Passive euthanasia refers to the withdrawal of treatment that keeps the patient alive. Voluntary euthanasia means that the patient requests assisted suicide, while involuntary euthanasia means that it is done against the patient’s will. Euthanasia started in both the Roman Empire and Greece. In ancient Rome, euthanasia was considered a crime and was taken as murder.