Developing cultivated individuals, nurturing their inner freedom, adapting them to new circumstances, enhancing their critical learning, adjusting them to solve life’s problems are all aims of education. “The goal of education is inward freedom” (Carl Rogers 1969. Freedom to Learn.) Another educational aim is supporting the learning of technique as well as developing the ability to experience an integrated life. Students should be fearless, capable to face
To develop the learning process, some of the philosophies are made. Those philosophies are either teacher-centered or student centered. The two teacher-centered philosophies are perennialism and essentialism. The two student-centered philosophies are progressivism and reconstructivism. The major aim of there philosophies are to develop a rational person which benefits our relationships, culture, nation and everyone.
6. Explain how the ethos, mission, aims and values of a school may be reflected in working practices. Ethos is usually based on the character of the school, its’ philosophy or more commonly known as the atmosphere of the school, does it provide a safe and trusted environment that promotes and guides successful learning? Its’ building blocks are the values and beliefs that go towards making up the character of the school itself and is developed through various talks with the staff, the parents and also representatives of the community. The type of school can have an effect on its Ethos e.g.
It drives learning paradigm, which is aimed at student learning, and focused on what the student does. Eventually, besides providing a grade to students, it fosters their commitment by supporting active learning. Therefore, the evaluation process should be authentic, fair, valid and reliable. How to evaluate? The answer to the question how to evaluate heavily depends on what should be evaluated.
Additionally, the tasks need to be constructive and interlinked and provide a challenge to the students while also acting as a motivation factor. The adopting of effective teaching to match the personal strengths of the students ensures that a student’s learning outcome is achieved Holistic assessment should be encouraged to understand what the learner has captured on a learning
It agrees which existentialism in that it believes students should have options and choice in education. Personally, I believe the blend of these two theories is essential in the classroom and make for a learning experience that is enjoyable for the student while also meeting their educational
Having these consistent reward systems are crucial to obtain and continue desired, positive behaviors. The approach of using reward system to elicit desired behaviors of students is also useful in establishing and maintaining classroom management (Jacobsen, 2003). The teacher has control and students are raw material to be shaped. Teachers arrange reinforcements so that students come to behave as teachers want them to0. Since the rewards are important to the learner in some way, students are more apt to work towards a goal otherwise unimportant.
The right to education is not only right to access education but also the right to receive an education having a good quality that is why quality must be at the core of education because it really influences the students what to learn, how they will going to learn and most important, what benefits they can draw based from their education (EFA GMR, 2005). Quality education also deals with the children, youth and adults’ welfare because whatever happens inside the classroom or other educational institutions contributes to the future welfare of every individual (UNESCO, 2015). Quality education is a very big issue for us. Because we are still improving our education quality, there are still some challenges that we are facing now internationally
“The quality of the questions has a great effect on the quality of the assessment. Therefore, questions should be planned and prepared so that they can elicit an appropriate response from the students”. (Harlen, 2007) o Self/ peer assessment: is another key aspect of the teaching and learning process. Assessment can contribute powerfully to the educational development of students if students
Feedback is a significant element in determination of education quality as well as in effective learning where it portrays the learning outcomes for students and the successes for the tutors. There are many aspects that concern educationists with regards to feedback but the relationship between perspectives of learning as well as teaching and feedback stands as the most important among them. Feedback should be conveyed in different modes in a learning environment but whatever mode chosen creates room for dialogue between the tutor and students. Therefore, it is only through feedback that the student engagement relationship with the feedback as well as the tutors’ perceptions of learning, teaching and assessment that such successes can be established. The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted.