and (d) How do your current attitudes and beliefs affect your interaction with other culturally diverse clients and people of the dominant culture? Most important, this model allows for investigation of clients ' level of conformity and idealized identification with the dominant culture as well as their rejection of their own culture.”
Advertisements are considered as cultural indicator which is a matter to asses. Advertising is considered as a literature of the society. It represents certain meanings and values which contributes into culture of a society. Moreover, advertising content signify some aspects of the societal origins of the audience. This is supported by a thought that advertisements differ from society to society.
One of the main reasons could be the difficulty JPM has penetrating into the Chinese market and state owned enterprises in particular. Specific VS Diffuse The dimension of specific vs. diffuse refers to the degree of intimacy people feel comfortable with when dealing with others. The Chinese are generally a more diffused society. They remain detached except when outsiders, in this case JPMorgan, enter their private lives, that is, by the hiring of their children, and only then do they open up. Achievement VS Ascription An achievement culture is based on how well someone performs whereas ascription is based more on the person’s background, connections or what they ‘do’.
This critical approach refers to a meta-theoretical approach with some assumptions of the interpretive approach of intercultural communication, but it focuses more on macro-contexts, such as the political and social structures that influence communication (Martin and Nakayama 67). By itself, interpretive approach refers to an intercultural communication approach that attempts to describe and understand human behavior within cultural groups based on these assumptions: human experience is subjective, human behavior is
Introduction Ethics plays a central role in shaping the direction that different societies take. Primarily, societies fashion the governing norms based on predefined sets of ethical standards that act as guidelines. Nevertheless, the pretexts used in developing these norms vary from one society to another, thereby creating a conflict in the level of objectivity of each premise. Argument Against Cultural Relativism The concept of cultural relativism posits that different cultures have diversity in the kind of moral codes that they uphold. The problem with having diversity in moral code is that the concept and definition of what is right and wrong differ much (Rachels and Rachels 26).
c. What factors might contribute to each? (3 pts) • Factors that contribute to attitude are beliefs about the behavior and the evaluation of the behavior. When you base your opinion on your attitude you think about if you have a negative or positive connotation about the outcome. Or what qualities will you gain for performing the behavior. • Factors that contribute to subjective norm are normative beliefs and the motivation to comply.
It examines how texts are used to reflect and maintain dominant ideologies while suppressing those which do not fall within these ideologies. Moreover, discourse analysis is an interpretive process and is, therefore, subjective. As a result, the interpretation formed from the researcher’s
America believes in an individualistic society. Thus, our society believes in competition, independence, and individual rights. Whereas in a collectivist culture, dependency isn’t seen as shameful. Its promoted and is the norm. Voting, for example, is an individual choice.
In other words, to get from “here and now”, one must first be knowledgeable about the “here and now” including the people’s existing ideas , desires, and opinions, the desirability of these “future” and the means of achieving this “future”. After all the discussions, it follows from this that political judgment is exercised best when it uses theories or philosophies that are realist; theories or philosophies that start and are concerned, in first instance, at “the way the social, economic or political institutions operate in the society under a particular time, and what elements or variables move these humans to act in the given contexts” (Geuss, 2008). So why realist theory? This is because a realist theory is not concerned in the first instance with how people ought ideally to act, desire or ought to be. It focuses its discussions in the real motivations of the people and the elements that determines it.
Abrams and Hogg (1988) had exerted to spotlight the minimum conditions that make individuals discriminate in the favour of the in-group they belong to and against an out-group aiming to achieve self-esteem and self-confidence (ibid). In social identity theory and identity theory, the self is reflexive in that it can take itself as an object and can categorize, classify or name itself in particular ways in relation to other social categories or classifications. This process is called self-categorization in social identity theory (Stets & Burke, 2000: 224). Tjfel and Turner claim that social identity theory confirms that the in-group or (self-categorization) is built by the group membership in ways that the in-group is preferred at the expense of the out-group. They proposed the example of (minimal group paradigm) by which they argue that the mere individuals’ categorization is sufficient to lead them to the in-group favouritism.