According to Chamber (2015:173) deprivation trap can be defined as the condition of scarcity where poor people lack necessities to ensure human welfare. Money is a source of everything, so economic scarcities force people to dwell in poverty without way out. Deprivation trap make people to become more dependent because self-help is highly impossible if a person have no job or resources. Swanepoel (2016:5) states that human beings struggle to overcome poverty they find themselves into. Many people trapped in poverty with no way out are in rural areas in homesteads, out of cities where development of infrastructure is less likely to be occur.
In November 2013, the World food programme concluded that poverty in Swaziland is caused by factors such as the scarcity of food sources as there has been change in weather patterns which has resulted in natural disasters such as drought and floods therefore making it hard for Swazis. This has brought struggles to have food as 70% of them rely on subsistence farming. As a result they have to face the high prices of food. They also highlighted that diseases or illnesses such as HIV and TB have also contributed, as these diseases affect the people’s performance as less are getting the correct medical care more especially with pregnant women and children. This has resulted in weak economic performance of the
This can in turn make providing and protecting their children more frustrating. Parents may become emotionally distant, harsh and more inconsistent parenting styles (C. Ward et al, 2015). It has become evident that parents who live in poverty are more probable to be poorly educated and may not be able to support or stand by their children’s education development (C. Ward et al, 2015). Also because parents will not be able to afford basic needs, the children may end up with malnutrition and can leave parents feeling like a failure because this may lead their children to also live in poverty as adults and thus continuing the chain of
The concept of absolute poverty does not cover broader life quality problem, or society as a whole of inequality. Thus, this concept does not take into account that an individual may have a significant social and cultural needs. As well as due to lack of criticism from other aspects of this field, it gave birth to the concept relatively poor. Relative poverty refers to the poverty of others in terms of the socio-economic situation where some people living to the level which is below the level of the mainstream of life belong to the
The poverty has been described as a situation of “pronounced deprivation in well-being” and being poor as “to be hungry, to lack shelter and clothing, to be illiterate and not schooled” (World Bank, 2000-2001). Mehta and Shah(2001-02) defines poverty as „the sum total of a
The World Food Programme highlighted six main reasons that cause the scarcity of food and poverty. The following reasons are poverty trap, lack of investment in agriculture, climate change, war and displacement, unstable markets and lastly food wastage. First, is a situation where people who are living in poverty cannot afford food for themselves and their families’ much less nutritious food which becomes the reason that makes them weaker and less able to earn the money that would help them escape poverty and hunger known as Poverty Trap. According to the World Food Programme this is not just a day-to-day problem because when children are chronically malnourished, or ‘stunted’, it can affect their future income, condemning them to a life of poverty and hunger. For instance in developing countries, farmers often cannot afford seeds, so they cannot plant the crops that would provide for their families.
Poverty is defined as the state of being unable to fulfill basic needs of human beings. Poverty is the lack of resources leading to physical deprivation. Poor people are unable to fulfill basic survival needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. These are the needs of lowest order and assume top priority. Poor people are unknown of their lack of voice, power, and rights, which leads them to exploitation.
1. Introduction Poverty has been one of the drawbacks in economic development activities. Coleman (1999) argues that the lack of access to capital in less developed countries resulted in severe poverty in those countries. Everything around the people in Less Developed Countries (LDCs) revolves in a cyclical and unpredictable manner, whereby access to little or no capital and the production on a very small-scale basis makes it more unbear-able for the individuals to accumulate savings, acquire relevant assets and plough back their returns into more productive activities. Poverty in LDCs can be associated with the existence of little or no profit generating ventures, most especially in the rural areas, no or little financial support, overpopula-tion and poor infrastructure which lead to low productivity and persistent poverty in LDCs.
Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets. It is absolute poverty experienced for an extended period of time or even over a life course and is unable to satisfy his minimum requirement of food clothing or shelter(CPRC,2004). Chronic poverty is associated with greater vulnerability and harsher consequences because of the continuous depletion and erosion of assets and resources with longer time in poverty (Barrintoes,2007). The Chronic poverty reports, according to CPRC, suggest that close to 40% people in chronic poverty are in developing nations (CPRC2005). Therefore, chronically poor are those who are not able to meet their minimum subsistence needs, lack access to the hey productive assets and are highly dependent on public and/or private transfers(Devereux,2003).
Introduction Poverty is a condition whereby the people, a person or the community lacks financial resources to satisfy their needs and wants. Poverty can also be defined as a situation whereby the government does not enough to feed the whole country such as failing to providing houses for its people. 1.1 Background The root of poverty is unemployment and earning a salary that is too little to feed the whole family. During the 1993 education was not free in South Africa therefor this was a disadvantage to children who grow up under the roof of poverty, such children their parents could not afford to pay for their fees due to the issue of unemployment or less earning. Those children lack skills and knowledge and all other requirement needed for them to be employed and these results in poverty.