The study therefore concludes that the kind of treatment given to alleged witches are against their human rights and brings shame to the person alleged to be a witch. The study concludes that alleged witches are forced to created witch camps by the chiefs and elders of the communities when the alleged witch is being accused, fetish priests sometime make such pronouncements and in some cases by their relatives and they are also confronted with physical torture, mental problems, and financial problems. 5.3 Recommendations The study found that witchcraft is identified by using supernatural powers, through the exhibition of extreme anti-social behavior patterns and sudden misfortunes and mysterious deaths hence the study concludes that witchcraft exist and has been overwhelmingly supported by respondents. The study recommended that, harmless measures should be adopted by stakeholders like chiefs, fetish priests and families to effectively deal with purported supernatural power possessed by an
It symbolizes the horrible violence and deeds executed by Macbeth that Lady Macbeth is suffering from. Throughout Macbeth, the symbol of the supernatural plays an important role to the development of the plot. At the end of the sleepwalking scene the doctor says, "Foul whisp'rings are abroad. Unnatural deeds Do breed unnatural troubles" (V. i. 49-50).
Xenophobia is an intense fear of people from other countries foreigners and the theme of xenophobia is present in the novel, Dracula, by Bram Stoker. By building on Micheal Kane’s suggestion that Count “Dracula … sucks the very life blood of the community” (1) and Kane’s remark about how the “'outside' becomes the imagined repository of anything deemed undesirable which exists ‘inside’." (10), I will be discussing Count Dracula’s actions which signify the fear brought by Count Dracula into England. Further by discussing Dr. Leila S. May’s remarks “about the fear of a contamination that, already exist[s] within, could even infect the forces of vigilance themselves” (16), I will further investigate Count Dracula’s role as a foreigner that portrays fear and how Van Helsing is similar yet different from Count Dracula. Scholars have analyzed the character of Count Dracula, however the character of Van Helsing, who plays the opposition of Count Dracula has not been studied in depth.
People wanted him out of the church. During the Witch Trials, Parris’ teachings also revolved more around Satan and a person’s sinful ways. Lastly, the final effect of the Salem Witch Trials was that it affected many individuals personally. Reverend Parris’ reputation became so horrible, they voted him out of the church. Then, John Procter was convicted of witchcraft and hung.
Women with an ideology of rebellion fought and spoke out against Spanish male dominance. In doing so they were stigmatized as witches. Pueblo Indian women who practiced medicine were among those stigmatized as witches. These witches were believed to “wrought calamities, and illness by shooting objects into the bodies of their victims or by stealing their heart.” Considered to be socially deviant activity witchcraft was mostly the extension of the male ideology that viewed women as being
Limits on Knowledge Mary Shelley 's novel Frankenstein shows there are certain limits to what mankind is allowed to know. In many points in the novel Victor Frankenstein shows that the creation of a new life never ends well. Because of the work of victor it leads to many casualties and hurts the world around them. This helps exemplify the theme of gothic literature and the points of Horror and violence, as well as supernatural and mystery, along with sublime nature and man as his own worst enemy. Two common points are horror and violence and how Victor has learned to much knowledge on the creation of life.
To Victorians, the characters and actions within Dracula were very scandalous. For example, the exchange of blood. During this time period, the exchange of blood was seen as an intimate task between two people. In the beginning of the novel, Lucy Westenra is a victim of Dracula as he regularly consumed her blood. It was decided that Lucy wasn’t doing very well and she needed a blood transfusion.
Her mouth gagged. Needles sticking out from the skin on her chest and arms and legs.¨(Fahy, 219). Finding creepy pictures on the wall would be like getting a needle poked in your back, it sends a tingle, and spike of energy but, one is good, and the other is bad. But, one of the creepiest things that Allison saw in The Doctor’s house was Jade’s other chopped off hand. Another thing that I didn 't expect was when it turned out that the doctor was controlling Jacob and that The Doctor was actually the bad guy.
To start, plants are used in the scene where the witches are making a vile potion before Macbeth confronts them. This includes, “Root of hemlock, digg’d i’th’dark;” (IV.i.25). This root is poisonous and is known as the insane root. This helps one understand how unconventional it is for a king to be visiting witches. This also reveals the character of the three witches by relating the insane root to how insane and abnormal the witches are.
Macbeth is a tragedy that plays out a savage dichotomy between the head and the heart. Throughout the course of the play, Macbeth the dichotomy within Macbeth’s character by falling from the lofty hearts of a pure and loyal warrior to a murderous savage determined to fulfil the prophecy delivered to him by supernatural powers. The witches influence on how Macbeth made his decisions played a crucial part in contributing to his eventual destruction. They planted the seed of evil in Macbeth’s head that grew to dominate his mind. “Glamis, and Thane of Cawdor: The greatest is behind.” Due to the outside influence from the witches, he thinks that it is his destiny and that he must do everything to fulfil it; Lady Macbeth’s constant harassment pushed Macbeth to commit all evil.
Demon Babies The carryover from goat-devil worship to ancient rituals and dealings with demons parallel one another. Certain demons became known for a variety of illnesses, such as the demon Pazuzu, profoundly associated with bringing infections of malaria to areas. In addition, this demon transpires as being linked to malformed persons described as goat or demon monster babies; who are mentioned also by Plato and Aristotle. They discussed such a phenomenon as humans producing children that resemble animals called terata, resembling beast instead of their parents. Moreover, the ancient Talmud mentions unnatural malformed babies or grotesque beings that came from demons.
Ghosts, in the monograph written by David Jones, are described by Sanapia, the Comanche medicine woman, as beings that “get jealous because [humans] are living and [they have] died” (Jones 66). The Comanche cultural connotation of ghosts is one that characterizes ghosts as either mischievous, or pernicious entities. Therefore, ghost sickness, as described by Jones, occurs when a ghost(s) comes into contact with a human being(s) and because of its malevolent/ jealous nature uses its supernatural ability to “[cause] contortions of the facial muscles and in some instances [paralyze the] hands and arms” (Jones 66). In essence, the ghost(s) harm the human being(s), and ghost sickness is the physical manifestation in the human being of that ghost-to-human interaction. It would be more accurate to say, that ghost sickness manifests itself in the human being after the human being has come into contact with the ghost and has failed to exert courage, or to, as detailed by Sanapia, “turn around and… show it [that they weren’t] afraid of it” (Jones 67).
Although, surely other causes may help explain the hysteria, for example, a common misconception that those with fits from illness were bewitched, to show the power of the town’s government in the slightest of situations, and etc. However, the most powerful argument was that ergot caused the “signs” of a witch and the Putmans’ western part of the village used that as a way to falsely accuse those infected with ergot. The three main convincing reasons for the Salem Witch Trial Hysteria, like the ergot a parasitic fungus that was a big cause misclassification of “signs” of the bewitched, the Putman family’s motivation to reacquire their position in the village, and the Puritans’ duty to not let a witch suffer to live. The Salem Witch Trial Hysteria