One constraint of crew availability is the long-haul crewing constraint. On long-haul flights, crews may not be used continuously, which during a 14 hour tour of duty, only includes 1 ½ hours of pre/postflight time and there is a 12 hour rest period . As a result , crews are changed at slip airports and a specific timing must be scheduled in order for the crews to be replaced by new fresh crews, who then will be ready to tend the next
QUESTION 1. Analysis Political, Economic, Legal, Socio-cultural, Environmental and Technological 1) POLITICAL Political factors have a great effect on the operating environment of the aviation industry. For Virgin Atlantic, it is compulsory for them to work within an operating restriction that determine the services offered, where the airlines can fly, taxes for landing, fuel taxation, security legislations. In recent years, the terms of terrorism attacks become a serious issue and have a negative effect on this market. 2) ECONOMIC During the last decade, the global economic environment experienced a sharp downturn in the amount of economic activity, and this issue has a strong affect the air travel demand.
In order to make a profit off of a product a company must make more than they are spending. So when it comes to spending on wages companies cannot be paying them more than their income. If companies were forced to raise the minimum wage many of them would find themselves laying off workers, especially those of the lower skilled employees. As much as a 3% reduction of low skilled workers can be projected with an increase of 10% in the minimum wage (Negative Effects). An American Apparel store in Los Angeles had to lay off 500 workers because of the recent city increase to $15 an hour (Sherk).
The data require a relational database since multiple tables were required for completeness of information. Even if at the moment there were no many passengers the planes could increase in the future as well as the passengers and therefore the growth of database in such a scale could not be accommodated by excel. This could translate into thousands of passengers in a given week and therefore access will be the most likely application to handle such a huge database. When database data need to be shared with other applications Access is more compatible with other database applications such as Microsoft SQL and therefore another reason I chose to use this
This information is necessary to understand the size of the market, the level of competition and customer’s needs. The main aim of this process is to gain competitive advantage. The company should collect information relating to the size of the potential markets, the demographic factors of the customers from various markets so as to ascertain whether they can meet their needs. In addition, the airline should also collect information on the level of competitiveness of the various markets to ensure they employ the best entry strategies to get recognition as well as to remain relevant in the markets. FlyDubai undertakes its market research by inviting route proposals from airports that are within their areas of operations through its Route Exchange platform.
Are sweatshops a necessary evil? When people mention the term sweatshops, the images that automatically come to mind are those of factories filled with people laboring away, often working many hours a day for very low wages, in a sweltering environment that is not conducive, to say the least. Given how technology and the world have advanced and progressed over the years, why is it that conditions for sweatshops seem to have stagnated and remained the same since the 1800s? This paper therefore aims to look at what are the reasons for sweatshops to still be in use until today, what ethical concerns revolve around the topic of sweatshops, and whether there are alternatives to the current situation. Could it be despite how grim the working conditions appear to be, that sweatshops are actually a necessity?
Work stress among them is of great importance, as an average adult spends about eight hours a day at work environment, accounting to an one third of his life (Brewer, 2002). Effects of stress are diverse and can be categorized into physical, mental, emotional, behavioral and economic (Thomas W. Colligan, 2005). Mental health problems may range from minor low mood to major psychiatric disorders such as depression, generalized anxiety and suicide. Moreover, the capacity to concentrate can also get impaired completing the vicious cycle of low productivity (Tennant, 2001). ‘Burnout’ is a term used to describe the psychological condition resulting from long-standing stress which is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced sense of accomplishment (Kumar,
The industrial revolution was an incredibly difficult time to be a factory or mine worker. With the textiles and mining industries still in their early stages, labour laws were loose and working conditions ranged from uncomfortable to downright dangerous. As Britain transitioned from an agrarian society to an industrial one, throngs of people found themselves out of work and seeking jobs. Employers could set wages as low as they wanted, since people were so desperate that they would work for very little money. Employees were expected to work for 14 to 16 hours a day and were payed only 10 cents an hour, if they were lucky.
2 Literature review The edge repair design project has three objectives, starting with a literature study on composite repair methods applicable to a Boeing aircraft component. Thereafter, writing a new repair method and performing the repair on composite samples whereof the material properties have identical properties as the Boeing aircraft component. Finally, testing the composite samples on quality items and when test results show compliance, validating the repair method. The literature study starts with a look into the role of composites in aircraft (2.1). Continuing with relevant repair methods for this project (2.2).