Those against mandatory vaccines deem that the chickenpox, measles, rubella and rotavirus all have symptoms that can be treated with oral medicines and creams. Vaccine-preventable diseases have not disappeared so vaccination is still necessary and the diseases that decreased tremendously were due to the impact of vaccines. The CDC notes that many vaccine-preventable diseases are still in the United States or "only a plane ride away." Although the paralytic form of polio has largely disappeared thanks to vaccination, the virus still exists in countries like Pakistan where there were 93 cases in 2013 and 71 in 2014 as of May 15. The polio virus can be incubated by a person without symptoms for years; that person can then accidentally infect an unvaccinated child or adult in whom the virus can mutate into its paralytic form and spread amongst unvaccinated people.
Technology improvements in the vaccine production lead to higher quality and safety (Stern and Markel 2005; 61 2) . Overall, at least 26 diseases can be prevented, or their incidence reduced, by vaccination Gone, it appears, are the days of sending a healthy child to play with a child afflicted with chickenpox. Variolation, known as inoculation with variolous matter, was the method of treatment for smallpox as early as the 10th century CE in China. Advances in treatment remained the same for over 700 years until Edward Jenner developed the first vaccination for smallpox. Edward Jenner was a country doctor living in England in the last 1700s.
In the late 18th century the discovery of the vaccine was made by Edward Jenner, an English doctor who worked with small pox (BBC 2014). As described by the World Health Organization (WHO) a typical vaccine contains “an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins” (WHO 2018). The human body has an incredible immune system that then recognizes the agent injected into the body as foreign and triggers an immune response. From this, the body will remember the agent and can fight the disease if it were to encounter it again (APHA 2018). Over time medical advancements have been made to produce vaccines that have eradicated and reduced
Many believe that immunizations don’t help prevent the illness, but have side effects worse than the real disease (Calandrillo). Most immunizations give protection for diseases that are no longer around, and can no longer harm us (Darden). Although, one day our bodies and immune systems will no longer accept the antibodies in vaccinations. On the other side, we are currently provided with the most safe and effective versions of vaccines that go through extensive tests. Immunizations are harmless, with the correct dosages of the antibodies, but they can have rare minor reactions (CDC).
This position has drawn many supporters for a few main reasons, one of them is the possibility of protecting many people from infectious diseases. Most vaccinations are used to develop immune system in the body for preventing from disease that can be transmitted such as Influenza and Human papillomavirus. In addition, vaccines can help to avoid disease such as tetanus. In a recent research about immunization coverage, World Health Organization (WHO) points out that about 2 to 3 million people can avoid death because of immunization. If the global vaccination coverage improves, the additional 1.5 million deaths could be avoided.
In a recent survey of more than 1,500 parents, one quarter held the belief that vaccines can cause autism in healthy children (Daley and Glanz). However, this notion is highly false. In 1999, former doctor Andrew Wakefield published a now disproven study that connected the vaccine for measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) to autism. Wakefield took a sample study of 12 children who had been given the MMR vaccine and analyzed them for any gastroenterological symptoms that are associated with autism. Based on his observations, he concluded that because eight of twelve children had intestinal abnormalities, the MMR vaccine had a link with autism.
The autism spectrum disorders theory of the common anti-vaxxer can be predisposed in this type of manner: vaccines have a direct effect on causing autism spectrum disorders, either directly or indirectly, from adverse side-effects and or being derived from the vaccine as an entirety or from the mercury toxicity component of the vaccine. This belief was rooted among members of society when exactly two decades ago a scientific journal reporting a study on autism spectrum disorders and the correlation between vaccines was published from The Lancet. This study was done by a medical researcher named AJ Wakefield. Wakefield’s study proclaimed that the MMR vaccine had direct correlation with autism spectrum disorder. The entirety of the study has since been debunked, retracted and condemned by the scientific community.
Although I believe vaccines are central and essential components of public health, there are two kinds of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. The first one is Gardasil, approved in, 2006 and the second one is Cervarix, approved in 2009 by the FDA. Although Gardasil protects against four HPV types (6, 11, 16, and 18), and it is approved for use by females aged 9-26 to help prevent cancer of the vagina, cervix, anal, vulva, also genital warts, there are many reported side effects(KRUSZELNICKI, 2014). According to Gardasil.com, the side effects include pain, swelling, itching, bruising, and redness at the injection site, headache, fever, dizziness,