Art of vernacular comes from experience and with experience comes knowledge and their transmission to future generations – the Art, Knowledge, and Skills of Vernacular art. Vernacular architecture is the simplest form of addressing human needs. And with the increase in energy costs these days, the trend is being brought back which was long lost. In this time of rapid advancement, technological inventions and urbanization, there is still a lot to be learnt from the traditional knowledge of vernacular construction. As it is popularly known – “architecture without architects”, vernacular architecture perfectly relates to the title for the fact that people who built it weren’t learned professionals but local
While green technologies are not sufficiently proven, (Barnes, 2012). The new technologies that are implemented, they results in a great investment in a long-term by reducing maintenance and operation cost. Green buildings are built for a long-term use, and they are environmental friendly and built for economic benefit. Buildings plays a major role in harming the environment with pollution, therefore green buildings reduces this negative impact. (Angrisano, 2012 page 25) also supported green buildings, “As early as 1993, in an extensive evaluation of companies is UK and Europe, Hodgkinson (1993) notes that businesses increasingly want their flagship buildings to present an image of environmental friendliness in terms of energy efficiency, the use of building materials, and the impact on the wider environment.” Companies can also have a good relationship with the environment by constructing efficient buildings that are environmental friendly.
Vernacular architecture, Vernacularism. It is an English word borrowed from the Latin word “vernaculus” which means domestic, native and indigenous. Besides, the word “verna” also defined as native slave or home-born slave. The building materials source used to build the architecture or the buildings in the village by the villagers (local inhabitants) can be found from the site itself. Even the building construction styles also can be found from the local area.
The Romanesque and Gothic style of architecture have made great impact in today’s architecture. Romanesque architecture was developed in the 12th century. The Romanesque architecture was influenced by the Byzantine and Roman styles. It had the characteristics of round arches, thick walls and pillars supported by the weight of the stone buildings and vaults. The theme of the churches interior was referred to Christianity.
a sustainable building maximizes daylighting, has a good ventilation and moisture control.It also optimizes acoustic performance. 6. Optimize Operational and Maintenance Practices Designers can specify materials and systems that simplify and reduce maintenance requirements; require less water, energy, and toxic chemicals / cleaners to maintain; and are cost-effective and reduce life-cycle costs. Energy conservation in building is very important and best way to decrease the energy consumption is using solar energy and creating passive building design.Buildings with passive solar building designs use the sun’s energy for free heating, cooling and daylighting. This decreases energy consumption and gives a comfortable environment inside.
The number of family members who are going to share that space is also a consideration for the structure. For example how they are preparing the food or how people are interacting these all cultural consideration will help to develop a design. The culture of ancestors is also a factor. Modern Architects influenced by the vernacular There are many architects who are influenced by vernacular architecture and its concept. Many famous architects used these unique ideas in modern and innovative term.
Vernacular traditions lead a way towards the sustainable built environment. The valuable lessons from vernacular can be integrated with the modern & contemporary to produce sustainable designs. If we take an interior design renovation for example. Though many specialized crafts are in decline, you may well surprise yourself when discovering the amount of quality craftsmen in your area. For example the chain of “Village- the soul of India” restaurants they are first unique theme restaurant.
Where vernacular express a marginal; group identity where Urban Vernacular deals with individuality where experience with the context is the root of its creation. It has a ever changing attitude where city is ever changing. Urban vernacular which is designed without architects creates a noteworthy pattern in the city which is not designed by the architects or educated designers but eventually blended with the city. It is an emerging factor of the city.We can theorize it from Christopher Alexander- “We began with that part of the language which defines a town or community. These pattern can never be ‘designed’ or ‘built’ in one fell swoop- but patient piecemeal growth, designed in such a way that
The use of green building principles as a tool throughout the project can also facilitate innovation, resulting in potential cost savings and added value by producing better buildings and better conditions for building users. The followings are the headlines of green building benefits: A- Green buildings are designed to save energy and resources, recycle materials and minimize the emission of toxic substances throughout its life cycle. B- Green buildings harmonize with the local climate, traditions, culture and the surrounding environment. C- Green buildings are able to sustain and improve the quality of human life whilst maintaining the capacity of the ecosystem at local and global levels. D- Green buildings make efficient use of resources; have significant operational savings and increases workplace productivity.
Vernacular architecture is by definition, an architecture style that is designed depending on the local needs and the availability of the construction materials around the area all that reflect on the local tradition. Originally vernacular architecture never used architects it relied on the skills of the local builders and their traditions. The idea that everyone uses whatever they have locally wherever they are shows the true nature of sustainability, in today’s world where resources are scarce, and we are almost at the end of most construction materials, sustainability is a necessity. Vernacular architecture is used in many places all around the world, nonetheless in some parts it is not used as much as needed to be sustainably successful, and these places end up having the highest construction waste and produce the most carbon emissions. The construction industry in the UK produces 59% of the country’s waste most of it being unused materials (Department for Environmental Food & Rural Affairs, 2018).