Vernacular Architecture Essay

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Features of Vernacular Architecture Design Round and rectangular are the first forms of vernacular structures (Nuttgens, 1997). Although round forms emerged first because of the initial difficulty to cut stone or bricks and make sharp corners, rectangular forms were found to be more in number in the study of Zhai and Previtali (2010). The aspect ratios were found to be in the range of 1-1.5. Nonetheless, square forms turned out to be more efficient due to fire places being the main source or warmth indoors and absence of glass windows as well among vernacular constructions. The ceilings of vernacular buildings were either vaulted or flat. Vaulted structures are more common. There are advantages of using vaults in both hot and cold climates. In hot and humid places, vaulted structures facilitate moving up of hot air…show more content…
Additionally, preference of vaulted structures due to the factor of air movement inside led to creation of more one room structures. Furthermore, room organisations were also based on cultural aspects like familial relationships. The difference between the dwellings of people in distinct parts of Indonesia illustrate this aspect. Parents and children live in individual rooms contained inside the family’s enclosed zone, known as karang, in Bali. However, each family of Sumatra live in one lofted chamber of Batak house (Zhai & Previtali, 2010). More than one room in vernacular architecture are constructed through two means. One method of doing such construction was to erect a number of individual habitations in close proximity. As a result, numerous separate roofing systems existed for a living space of a family. An example of this kind of construction is Trullo stone houses found in Italy. The other way of making a habitation with several rooms is having one roof over all the rooms, making the structure consolidated (Nuttgens,

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