Vertical Analysis Of Costco

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Balance Sheet vertical Analysis: Costco’s long-term debt was 5.1% of their original asset in 2012; it is increased to 14.5% of their total assets in 2015. During the past four years, Costco Wholesale Corporation had a 9% increase in their long-term debt as shown on the vertical analysis of the balance sheet. There are few main causes to this change. Firstly, In December 2012, Costco issued $3,500 million of Senior Notes to fund the business, these notes are payable in 2015 2017, and 2019. Secondly, the Japanese Costco Subsidiary issued approximately $102 million of promissory notes with 1.05% interest that is due in May 2023, then the same subsidiary got an approximately $102 three-year term loan in July of 2013, which bears an interest…show more content…
All the changes are below 2%. It seems like all of Costco’s revenue comes with a fix percentage of costs and expenses. But there is something in the horizontal analysis that is really worth mentioning. From 2012 to 2015, Costco Wholesale Corporation’s total revenue increased by 17%, gross profit increased by 23%, and operating income increased by 31%. In 2012, Costco’s net income is $1.709 billion USD; then it is increased to $2.039 billion USD in 2013, $2.058 billion USD in 2014, and $2.377 billion USD in 2015. Overall, Costco’s net income increased by 39%, and these increases occurred through out the four fiscal years. This is a strong indication that Costco is becoming more profitable. Costco Wholesale Corporation has two parts of revenue, one is its sales of merchandises, and another one is the membership fee consumers has to pay in order to enjoy its service. During the 2015 fiscal year, Costco’s membership base grew by six percent and has more than 81 million members worldwide. 88% of their members from 2014 renewed their membership and the members’ average shopping frequency increased 4%. In addition, Costco continued to open new warehouses in different locations to attract more consumers and provides a greater availability for its members. At December 31, 2015, Costco has 698 warehouses worldwide. All these factors contributed to Costco’s…show more content…
This ratio is increased to 67.6% by 2015. Which are way higher than the industry average of 32.23% and sector average of 39.17%. This change is caused by the notes issuance and debts Costco entered. Firstly, Costco issued $3,500 million of Senior Notes in December 2012. Secondly, its Japanese Costco Subsidiary issued $102 million of promissory notes and got an approximately $102 three-year term loan. Lastly, the Company issued $1,000 million of Senior Notes On February 17, 2015. Costco chooses to fund its business through debt instead of issue more stock and that increased it debt

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