Vgotsky's Theory Of Constructivism

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CONSTRUCTIVISM Constructivism is basically a theory that talks about how people learn. It says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. The theory explains that children are not blank sheets of paper that is filled by a teacher rather they actively construct their own knowledge of the world through social negotiations and interactions and through the environment, then this new information is compared to prior knowledge. This theory therefore states that learning is a lifelong process of active learning that takes place inside one’s mind For example when we encounter something new, we have to compare it with our previous ideas and experiences, maybe…show more content…
For example, a child’s language skills may develop further through a teacher ‘modelling’ the way in which certain words should be used and pronounced, and the child absorbing the information via the teacher’s use of the language, and the child then using the new language skills correctly in the same or a different context. Another important part of Vgotsky’s theory is scaffolding which is extremely important for children with SEN. In scaffolding support is given to children until they develop unto being able to carry out activities and attain a level of independence and knowledge. The scaffolds or support is removed gradually piece by piece. Example is how the scaffolds of a house are removed gradually until the completion of the house when it doesn’t need them anymore. A further development of this part of Vygotsky’s theory is the idea of ‘contingent support’, where teachers and other coaches offer help or intervention only when a child is sincerely stuck and unable to move on to the next stage of learning. DEWEY THEORY Dewey’s theory emphasizes the need to learn by doing. He believed that human beings learn through a 'hands-on ' approach. He believed that ‘to prepare the child for the future life means to give him command of himself; it means so to train him that he will have the full and ready use of all his capacities ‘and this truly can only be achieved through a hands on…show more content…
He made an outstanding point by arguing that children cannot and have not really learnt anything unless they can apply the knowledge in their personal lives and experiences because learning is not just the acquisition of knowledge but the acquisition of knowledge and its application when and where relevant in their lives. This means that students must interact with their environment in order to adapt and learn. He also warns that a balance is struck between child centered learning and teacher centered learning for it to work effectively, and this is the sole duty of the instructor or coach. PIAGET THEORY Piagets theory is based on the logic that adaptation must take place for a child to learn and the processes that allows such adaptation to happen is assimilation and accommodation. Both processes work together simultaneously. .He believed that for learning to take place a child has to adapt to his environment and knowledge is constructed and manipulated within a child. He also believed that peer interactions with children of similar intellectual level was of great importance because it opens the child to alternative perspectives and gives them the opportunity to discuss new ideas, information and knowledge. Piaget also believed that when children learn new things it is compared to something they already know and grouped in a mental shelve with other similar things (schema). Assimilation and

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