The very first victim-offender mediation then called victim-offender reconciliation program was started in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada in 1976. Although this process was first created in Canada, it was not implemented in the United States until 1978. The first case took place when a youth probation officer convicted a judge that two youths convicted of vandalism should meet the victim of their crimes and serve a probation constructed sentence instead of using the traditional justice system route. That’s how victim-offender mediations began as a probation-based/post-conviction sentencing alternative inspired by a probation officer 's belief that victim-offender meetings could be helpful to both parties. As time passed the programs began to grow
Sycamore Tree Project. Another relevant victim-offender based practice utilized throughout correctional facilities is the Sycamore Tree Project. Based upon Christian faith, the Prison Fellowship Solomon Islands (PFSI) established the Sycamore Tree program throughout Solomon prisons in 2008 (Brigg, Chadwick & Griggers, 2012). This victim awareness program embraces restorative practice as a means to highlight the impact of crime on victims, offenders, and the community by offering the opportunity for offenders to take ownership of their crime and become reintegrated, and reduce alarming recidivism rates (Brigg, Chadwick & Griggers, 2012). The first phase begins with victim-offender counseling, where the individuals meet for eight 2-hour sessions over a period of four weeks (Brigg, Chadwick & Griggers, 2012).
Coming into this course, I was already familiar with the notion of restorative justice, but at that time my understanding of the overarching concepts was still quite vague. When sharing my views on the current justice system, and some potential improvements to be made, I used the terms restoration and rehabilitation synonymously, thinking they were interchangeable. Through my experiences in the first month of this course, through a mixture of lectures, readings, and even one compelling art exhibit, I have learned that this is not at all the case; rehabilitation offers up some good ideas and principles that can tie into a restorative worldview, but ultimately restoration has a very unique and exclusive meaning. One similarity between the two
Judges of Texas are elected, all the way to the Supreme Courts. Starting with the lowest court the justice of the peace, the qualifications to become a judge a very simple. First officials must be a United States citizen, a resident of the state of Texas, and a resident of their district for at least one year and only 18 years of age. This may seem to be young but I met some 18-year-olds who are more mature than some 30-year-olds I have met. And as far as education goes they only have to go to the Texas justice Center chords training center in Austin Texas for two weeks.
A State without the means of some change is without the means of its conservation. Edmund Burke Perhaps, I would describe the situation with the Criminal Justice Reform in our country with the words of Irish politician Edmund Burke. We have no right to miss the vital "reboot" process of the judicial authorities at this stage. The conception of the law-governed state cannot be achieved until the country has a clear mechanism of protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms that are the key objects when deciding the fate in criminal matters.
Stakeholders are those groups, individuals and/or organizations that are worried or troubled with the operation of a business. Stakeholders are bothered by a business actions because they can be directly or indirectly afflicted by the performance of the business. Stakeholders can be separated into two different categories. One being internal stakeholders and the other being external stakeholders. Internal stakeholders are the ones that are directly affected by the way the business performs.
From an administrative and monetary perspective, there are very little differences between the juvenile and adult justice systems thus, combining the two would allow for the pooling of resources, streamlining of procedures and elimination of redundancies. In addition, assuming that some of the practice carries over from the juvenile system to that of the adult, offenders from both could benefit from the sealing of records and the use of closed proceedings; we could eliminate stigmas. Nevertheless, combining the two does nothing more than feed the criminality of the young. There is a distinct difference between the adult offender and the juvenile offender; the developing mind. The young may be impulsive and reckless which contributes to
The impact of crime can differentiate depending on wider issues such as discrimination and social exclusion. Victims of hate crime have suffered emotionally and have in recent history shaped crucial legislation in light of events. Discrimination typically refers to the identification of differences which could be positive or negative (Thompson, 2011). In relation to unlawful discrimination, it is the unfair treatment or action towards a person or group on the basis of certain characteristics. These 9 characteristics are enshrined in the Equality Act 2010 which include discriminating on the grounds of race, age, gender reassignment, disability and sexual orientation.
There are several old ways of solving crime according to many sources, but restorative justice is a type of rehabilitation process which focuses on repairing, and as the word suggest brings restoration. It rebuilds the lives of individuals who are involve in crime. While crime damages a person life, restorative justice repairs it (Office for Victims of Crime, 2000; Morris and Maxwell, 2001). There are three main stakeholders in a restorative justice process, these are the victims, the offender, and the community, therefore when crime is committed restorative justice sees it as an office against people and not against the state. I believe that in order for restorative justice process to be successful all three parties involve, citizens, victims,
Plea bargains are beneficial to the prosecution because it reduces the overall costs of the criminal prosecution, devotes more time to serious cases, the administrative efficiency of the courts is greatly improved, and recourses can be devoted to cases that need greater attention. The defendant also avoids possible detention and an extended trial and may receive a reduced sentence. I believe that the defendant benefits more from a plea bargain because it would create a better outcome for them in the long run. I think we should only allow plea bargains for misdemeanors. Murders and other serious offenders should not be allowed this right to help their future.