Guilt can either be an emotion that makes a person feel remorse for his or her’s actions toward another, or can be the conduct involving the executions of such crimes and wrongs. In the novel, “Frankenstein” by Mary Shelley, both definitions of guilt were the common theme. However, the main problem was whether the creature or the creator, Victor Frankenstein, were guiltier for their actions. The one presumed to be more guilty was Victor Frankenstein who created the monster in the first place causing his family pain and failed to take responsibility for the monster’s actions. Although he didn’t directly kill his family, the monster is guilty too.
Whereas Frankenstein does not properly value the domestic affection he is given until it is violently taken from him, his creation learns that this is what values most in life and yet is not able to gain this affection from others. Francis Bacon says in his essay Of Friendship “I have given the rule, where a man cannot fitly play his own part; if he have not a friend, he may quit the stage”. Shelley highlights the need for a sense of belonging and companionship by letting both her main figures suffer the pain of not having this need fulfilled and, in consequence, they both “quit the stage” (Bacon) and turn their backs on humanity. Social isolation, although through different circumstances, was the predominant cause for both Frankenstein and his creature’s demise. Even Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Shelley’s husband, wrote in his preface to Frankenstein about the “amiableness of domestic affection” (Shelley 9).
Therefore, he was made evil by the way he was treated. The saying, “Don’t judge a book by its cover” it quite true in this case. The monster was not born evil. He tried over and over again to get people to see past his ugliness and into his heart but no one could see it. This changed the monster into a sad and lonely monster with nothing to live for.
Frankenstein and his monster begin with opposite lives: Frankenstein has everything and the monster has nothing. However, in creating the monster, Frankenstein’s life and feelings begin to parallel that of the monster’s life. Frankenstein is incredibly intelligent with a fascination for science, but ultimately his thirst for knowledge leads to his undoing. Similarly the monster is determined to understand the society around him. But once he does, he understands that he will never be able to find companionship, which leads him to pain and anger.
All the monster wants is love. The Monster is the victim because his creator abandons him, his appearance affects his relationship with the people he meets, and his desire to feel loved. To begin, his creator abandons him. Victor creates Frankenstein, but is afraid of him. “He might have spoken, but I did not hear; one hand was stretched out, seemingly to detain me, but I escaped and rushed down stairs” (Shelley 44).
While working on the creature, Victor Frankenstein ignores his own physical health due to his overpowering ambition to keep working. At first, he believed his health would merely ‘fix itself’ as he continued on, “The energy of my purpose alone sustained me: my labourers would soon end, and I believed that exercise and amusement would then drive away my incipient disease” (Shelley 42). Obviously Victor’s health wouldn’t miraculously get better with time or once he finished the monster; therefore his ambition lead him to disregard his declining physical health. Furthermore, Victor supplemented his physical health concerns to put more time, energy, and focus into the creature, “For this I had deprived myself of rest and health. I had desired it with an ardour that far exceeded moderation; but now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished” (Shelley 43).
The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, is the story of how an irresponsible scientist named Victor Frankenstein brings a creature to life without considering all the repercussions that may occur. Victor was not prepared to face any challenges that came along with creating new life and he failed to meet any of his creatures' needs. Throughout the entire novel, the creature was given a negative connotation, but the reality of the situation was the creature is the victim despite any of the sinister actions that took place. The creature in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein lacks the social acceptance required to prosper as a functional member of society. Societal standards of beauty create a one-sided opinion in which the creature is viewed.
He is shown to have wisdom and knowledge in the book due to his experiences of journeying around the world. Although, the monster is a victim because the fault originated from Victor Frankenstein in the first place. (Storment) Overall, the monster is a victim because there is a lot of factors in play. First, the monster did not care at all because the creator or the people didn’t show any love at all to the monster. Secondly, he was abused by the creator and the people with their words and actions done to the monster.
Although Macbeth has done some really bad deeds, he cannot be called a bad person out and out who goes on to achieve his ambitions without any consideration. He’s also a victim of the realization that there is no meaning as such in this world. This instability snatches his power to think and he gives in to his wife’s provoking speeches without providing any counter arguments to her. If he had any of his individuality left, he certainly must have had given some thought to her speeches but the lack of it shows his confusion. As soon as he joins the opposites foul and fair, he’s encountered by the weird (which is undefined because in the world of Macbeth nothing is normal).
And who is it who in fact enjoyed his solitude and seclusion from society? That would be none other than Victor Frankenstein himself. The disturbing reality that Victor is part god and part wild beast for his cruel actions towards his creation displays the evil that comes from a man when he removes himself from society. The Monster partially experiences these effects as well from his unwelcome seclusion from society when he is also slowly pulled back and forth between good and evil. Mary Shelley made no mistake in making this clear through her writing, however.
Victor 's excitement and thirst for knowledge does not intend to bring negativity to the world. When Victor was first creating the monster, he did not know what was to come from his studies; he just wanted to be able to prove that life could be restored through an inanimate object. In addition, the monster is the one to leave Victor 's apartment on his own and because of this he developes his own state of mind. The monster 's pessimistic way of thinking and manslaughter behaviours are not Victor 's responsibility because of the fact that Victor is his creator. Victor did not give birth to the monster and give him the intuition to kill but instead he gives him the beautiful girft of life.