In addition to general exhaustion from war, the American people wanted to focus on domestic equality before moving forward with global equality and democracy. Anti-Vietnam War protests were not necessarily unwarranted, as the anti-democracy Tet Offensive of North Vietnam resulted in the deaths of thousands of American soldiers, with the vast majority of states reporting over 100 war casualties in 1968 alone. (Document E) Economically, the Vietnam War was challenging to manage, as the department of defense budget once again rose to today’s equivalent of 450 billion dollars, adding to an already quickly growing, massive national debt. (Document G)
The Vietnam War was an ongoing war between the Republic of South Vietnam and the Communist country of North Vietnam. There were various U.S. policies established in the Vietnam War that affected the outcome of the war. These policies included the Domino theory also known as the containment policy, the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, and Vietnamization. All of these U.S. policies significantly affected the Vietnam War in many different ways.
The top reasons that United States of America lost in Vietnam War was because, corruption, climate and the lack of interests. The people in the United State of America did not support the war and certainly did not appreciate how the government decided to put their hands in the foreign countries. The young soldiers when they first arrived Vietnam their bodies did not adjust to the temperature and weather in Vietnam. When the United State government sent supplies and money over to the South Vietnamese military the money went to the pocket of the people in the upper power.
The Vietnam War was fought to stop the spread of communism that threatened the United States way of life. War strategies that were used were harsh, major battles bloody, and war opposition at home was high. The leaders of our countries decisions caused devastating effects that not only shook our country but the whole world.
Some people thought that we shouldn 't be in the war because it wasn 't our war to fight, and others thought we should get involved to stop the spread of communism. In a Nation Divided, many men would avoid getting drafted by lying about their health condition, marrying, and moving to Canada. People often questioned whether we should have a draft or not because of the fact that not everyone had the desire to fight for our country. In the article What Happened in My Lai, the massacre changed the perspective the US citizens had on us being in Vietnam. Investigations concerning what happened in My Lai were misleading and superficial, and the info was suppressed.
In a time of drastic change in America, adding such a controversial war to the mix of social issues seemed to many like an inappropriate decision. The Vietnam War, which lasted twenty years, from 1955 and 1975, was the battle for liberation of South Vietnam from North Vietnam. The communist North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, was backed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and communist China in an attempt to overtake the South Vietnamese who were led by the Catholic minority, Ngo Dinh Diem. Before 1960, his corrupt and brutal ways were beginning to wear on his people. By 1963, the United States has decided that Diem must go and authorizes and assassination (Osman, 2 October).
Conclusion The U.S.’s involvement in the Vietnam War led to the revolutionary change of American society in how they chose to view their country’s government and how they choose to abide by its wishes. The war created an entire new movement of young adults who weren’t afraid to question what they viewed as injustice; they stood for peace and love, and protested for it. Draft evasion showed that the American people didn’t have to fight for a war that they didn’t believe in. The revelation of the Pentagon Papers showed that citizens had a right to know what their country was doing.
saw the war in Vietnam as a battle of the Cold War, the Vietnamese saw it as a civil war instead. Unfortunately, President Johnson failed to empathize with the Vietnamese the same way President Kennedy was advised to do so with the Soviets during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Even though constructivism would fail to explain this decision in world politics, Realism manages to explain it well. The U.S. saw the Soviets as a threat to their own security, both due to their growing economy and their military capabilities. Seeing as the Vietnamese were communists, in the eyes of the U.S., the Soviets had just gained an ally in the South-East Asia region.
During this period of the late 1950s, American society primarily fixated on the threatening presence of communism. When the media managed to cover the early Vietnam War, the coverage solely revolved around the context of overarching Cold War ideological themes and thus exerted minimal influence in changing the public perception of US involvement. The press’s limited reporting framework at the onset deemphasized the public’s necessity to focus on the proxy war in its
“I thought the Vietnam war was an utter, unmitigated disaster, so it was very hard for me to say anything good about it” - George McGovern. There are numerous controversial topics dispersed among the subject of American history due to the amount of unethical decisions that have been made in order to improve the lives of the people or keep America out of the clutches of war. Throughout American history, historians have debated the ethical impact that the Vietnam war had on the United States. Although some people may believe that the Vietnam War achieved the goal of avoiding communism and protecting the people, the overarching idea is that it was an unjust war because of the countless lives that were lost from the participating countries, the
A. Plan of Investigation This investigation will assess the effectiveness of Nixon 's Vietnamization Policy of the Vietnam war to end U.S. involvement. The scope of my research will assess the effectiveness of Nixon’s Vietnamization Policy to end the U.S. involvement during the Vietnam war, as well as the involvement of the women in the military, Nixon’s Doctrine, and the new economic policy that caused the end of the U.S. involvement of the Vietnam war between 1945-1975. The methods to be used in this investigation will be primary and secondary sources historical textbook in search of Nixon, 1972. This investigation will evaluate the effectiveness of the new economic policy In Search of Nixon: A Psychohistorical Inquiry.
America’s fear of communism stretched beyond the western hemisphere; the Domino Theory became popular in the 1960s as the Vietnam War was increasingly seen as a threat to democracy in Asia. The Domino Theory is the belief that a communist victory in one nation would start a “chain reaction of communist takeovers in neighboring states. ”(Domino Theory) In the Vietnam War, this theory was used as a justification for American involvement. Communism, as understood by the American people, was a threat to peace and liberty.
To conclude the argument on the nature of Soviet Union conduct, George F. Kennan sustains that the United States should not expect Soviet policies to reflect the possibility of co-existing capitalism and communism. He believes that the United States can influence internal developments in Russia and the worldwide communist movement. Kennan stresses the responsibility of the United States on the future conduct of the Soviet Union.
The United States of America first acquainted with the Indochina area in 1954 after it began supporting France in its effort to reestablish control over its Vietnamese colony of which the United States’ main reason for supporting was to keep the idea of communism from spreading to another country’s government from Communist China.