Vietnam Domino Theory Analysis

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America’s involvement in the Vietnam War can be explained by a series of events and decisions taken from around 1939 to 1965. The falling Domino principle is a wide accepted explanation that urged the U.S. to support the French in the Franco-Vietminh war, and eventually, after France’s withdraw, increased its involvement. This investigation will examine the Domino theory, the context and other accepted interpretations from historians, in order to answer the question of to what extent the domino theory explains U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
The domino theory was fist mentioned at press conference in 1954 when President Dwight Eisenhower is asked about the strategic importance of Indochina to the free world. The president answers this
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The tensions between the U.S. and the USSR after WWII had gradually increased towards a Cold War period. This period without actual fighting had a significant impact on America’s attitude towards the situation in Vietnam. Losing Vietnam to communism would not only threaten the world it would also, maybe more importantly, expose America’s weakness. Whereas the orthodox interpretation praises America for its bravery in their fight to save the world from communism, revisionist’s historians see the Vietnam War as a futile small factor in the larger Cold War Context and criticize America’s actions as aggressive and acquisitive. (21)6America would have the desire to shape the world in its own ideal image. Revisionist historians Duiker (1994) and Berman (1982) accused Kennedy of exaggerating the strategic importance of Vietnam. The territorial loss of Vietnam would not be as much as the psychological loss if America failed to contain communism while the world is watching its moves.…show more content…
In the two years of his serving, Kennedy continued with former president Eisenhower’s policies and increased America’s involvement. When he was assassinated in 1953, his patriotic and anti-communists vice president Lyndon B. Johnson became president and continued to aid military support to South Vietnam with the same aim as his predecessors, to contain communism. The quagmire theory, the commitment trap and the Stalemate theory are three accepted interpretations among historians that argue how the presidents are to blame for America’s involvement. The presidents kept aiding support to the troops in south Vietnam with either the believe that it would be the last step to solve the problem (quagmire), or pure as an excuse to not be the first president that would lose a war knowing, however, that victory was not possible. (Stalemate.) Overall, the continuous and increased commitment in the Vietnam made harder for each successor to the exit the war without having the government and the president losing its honor and prestige.

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