“The Cambodian Genocide refers to the attempt of Khmer Rouge party leader “Pol Pot” to nationalize and centralize the peasant farming society of Cambodia virtually overnight, in accordance with the Chinese Communist agricultural model.” When Sihanouk becomes the head of state, he breaks ties with the US and allows North Vietnamese guerrillas to set up based in Cambodia. In return, the US begins to plot secret bombings against the North Vietnamese on Cambodia soil. In 1970, Sihanouk is overthrown in a coup by the Prime Minister Lon Nol. He proclaims Cambodia, the Khmer Republic, and sends an army to fight the North Vietnamese. Lon Nol is overthrown as the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot occupies Phnom Penh.
His reasoning was that it would be worth the cost in the end. Phase two of the plan was very spread out attacks by the Viet Cong all over the South Vietnam's cities. This made the people go into a full on revolt against the South Vietnamese government and Americans that everyone hated. Because the South Vietnamese government was overthrown, the Americans would have had no choice but to go to the coast, clear out, and go home. Phase three would start as the Viet Cong and NVA were to defeat the Americans that were
The violence and instability of this period result in the deaths of thousands of Cambodians, as well as a large influx of hundreds of thousands refugees into Thailand, still traumatized by their experiences under the Khmer Rouge and in search of food, medical care, and security. Clashes with Vietnam broke out in 1977 and on January 7, 1979 Vietnam invaded Cambodia, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge and installing a socialist regime comprised of Khmer Rouge defectors. The rest of the party fled west into the jungles along the Thai border, carrying out guerilla attacks against the Vietnamese. The Khmer Rouge was removed from power when communist Vietnam invaded and established a pro-Vietnamese regime in Cambodia. Many survivors fled to refugee camps in Thailand; of these, many went on to immigrate to the United States.
They saw that Vietnam as the start of the spread of Communism so it contributed as one of the reasons of going to war. The Domino theory was a theory that if one country in a region falls to Communism that the surrounding countries would fall to communism as well. The U.S. also saw the Domino Theory in Vietnam. They believed that if Vietnam fell to communism so would the surrounding countries like Cambodia and Laos would as well. The third reason was the North Vietnamese attack on an American ship also known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
During the Cambodian Genocide and the Holocaust, the officers beat and prodded the victims that did not meet their expectations and were abruptly displaced from their homes. In comparison to the Cambodians, Germany’s dictator, Adolf Hitler, had one goal to execute all Jews, just like how Pol Pot had a goal to kill all educated Cambodians. Both the Cambodians in the Cambodian Genocide and the Jews in the novel Night were treated similarly because both victims were displaced out of their homes, overworked, mistreated, and starved. Moreover, officers of the genocides starved the victims of the Holocaust and the
A group of military officers launched a coup d’etat, or a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government. The coup failed; however, organizers escaped capture and established the first guerrilla forces, vowing to overtake the government. The guerrillas were angered by social repression and political decline. They would not gain a large following among the people until 1978. Several indians were recruited by guerrilla groups, and joining an anti government group lead them to question several injustices against them such as their poverty, segregation from society, or the hard farm lives they lived.
Pol Pot and his group then waged a war against the current leader’s movement. Because of the recent destabilization in Cambodia, there was an intense support for Pol Pot. Inspired by Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution, he began enforcing radical ideals such as, erasing Cambodia’s history up until
When Jack breaks Piggy’s glasses, it shows him as a dictator and a destructor of society. From the cracking of the glasses, Piggy’s lost his clear perspective. Following this incident, Jack and his tribe pilfer the glasses, showing the transfer of power to to the opposing side. These degraded glasses will be used for destruction of civilization rather than for good, in regards to the signal
By 1962, Pol Pot had formed a communist party in Cambodia. He formed an army known as the Khmer Rouge or the Red Cambodians. When the United States bombed the Vietnam in Eastern Cambodia, instead hurting the Vitense the majority monarchy's troops were killed and he was replaced. On April 17, 1975, thirteen years after he claimed Cambodia his country, he had complete control. Under Pol Pot’s regime, he was cruel and ruthless to his people.
When looking at the Cambodian Genocide and its attempted acquisition of the Khmer Krom, we see the Khmer Rouge try to capture parts of the old Khmer empire. The Khmer Rouge fought a bloody war against the communists of North Vietnam and inevitably failed to take the land. Both of these societies implemented vast land expansion during their genocides to create living space and recapture areas of their historic empire, which according to Kiernan is a part of genocidal tendencies. Interestingly enough, land expansion also allows for the movement of classes, which leads to the rising of the peasant population to the ruling
It depicted the truth of the state of the country and showed the cities in complete disaster. The country was almost completely destroyed with forests growing in cities where life once bustled and religious temples or hospitals in complete ruins. The film does an accurate job of going through the history of what happened from 1975 to 1979. The information given on the Khmer Rouge rein during this time matches with historical political conditions of Cambodia. For example, in 1979 the same year the film was released Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia and aided to dispose of the Khmer Rouge government (Khmer Rouge, 2016).
On March 8th 1965, America entered the Vietnam war. The United States entered the war in an effort to prevent the spread of communist beliefs. On May 30th, 1970, President Richard Nixon declared that the South Vietnamese army, along with American troops were going to invade the country of Cambodia. This was to disrupt North Vietnamese supply lines. The news of the invasion struck people with anger and fear throughout America.