The Vietnam War, which lasted from 1954–1975, is one of the most intriguing examples of foreign policy in American history and is notable for being one of the few wars where the U.S. was not the victor, as well having one of the strongest Anti-War movements the nation has seen (). After 1954, Vietnam, which had previously been a French Colony, was split apart during the negotiation for the Indochina Wars, with the northern Democratic Republic of Vietnam led by the Vietnam Communist Party, and the southern State of Vietnam, soon to be the Republic of Vietnam, eventually led by Ngo Dinh Diem (britannica 2). While the United States had already played a role in getting Diem elected, President Eisenhower would continue to provide South Vietnam with
A few reasons that caused the United States to be allied with South Vietnam are communism, Truman Doctrine, and reunification. The Vietnam War started in 1954. According to The Vietnam War: an intimate history, it states: “Ho Chi Minh and Ngo Dinh Diem, the two best-known Vietnamese leaders of the Vietnam War era, have long been viewed as polar opposites” (Ward and Burns 44). Ho was a representation of communism while Ngo is anticommunist. Ho ruled the North while Ngo ruled the South.
Vietnam had been an important symbol for capitalism for the USA government with the fail of China in 1949 and the failure in Korea from 1950 - 1957 it was essential for the US that Vietnam maintained a capitalist presence and not lose Vietnam to communism. Since it would be a massive personal blow to the US government as well as the US authority around the world. There are many arguments that US tactics were inefficiently used. To begin with they used heavy bombings which did damage North Vietnams supply routes the Ho Chi Mhin trail but it did not stop the trail which provided the Viet Congs with equipment and weapons from neighboring countries. It's an embarrassment that the US failed to stop countries such as Cambodia and Laos since the
The Vietnam war started on 1 November 1955 and lasted until 30 April 1975. The war was fought between the North Vietnamese Communist government and the South Vietnamese Communist rebels known as the Viet Cong against the non-Communist South Vietnamese government and their ally U.S.A. The war destroyed the life of both, the North and South Vietnamese along with the other nations that took part in it. More than 1 million people were killed, including civilians and over 3 million injured. Thousand were wives were left widows and hundreds of kids orphans.
According to History.com, the beginnings of the Vietnam War began during World War II. During the world war the Japanese had invaded Vietnam, and to resist this action the French Colonial Administration, led by Ho Chi Minh, formed the league for the independence of Vietnam. After the allies defeat in 1945, Japan retreated and gave up its control in Vietnam. Ho saw this as an opportunity and seized control of Hanoi and then declared a democratic republic of Vietnam, naming himself president. Emperor Bao saw this as an attack and then sought other ways to try and regain control of that region.
This essay will investigate to what extent did the Strategies and Tactics used by the United States, North and South Vietnam, and the Soviet Union influence the outcome of the Vietnam war? The Vietnam War was one of the most significant war in American History. It was a war that will not be forgotten in a long time due to its surprising outcome and length of the war. One of the key roles in the war that had affected the outcome of the war were the tactics and strategies that were used by different countries. To investigate this question you will need to know about the strategies and tactics that were used by different countries.
Journalists were able to use these technological advances to help collect more pictures, videos, and audio recordings than ever before. Yet now, the government had a big problem on their hands, controlling the access and the knowledge the media is allowed in and around the battlefield. David Anderson, of the Columbia University Press stated, “With inadequate government controls, the media was now able to publish uncensored pictures and videos showing the brutality of the war in Vietnam and, thus, vastly influenced American public opinion in unprecedented proportion.” Before the start of the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam war, in the late 1950’s, the press had little to no interest at all in Vietnam, with most reports focusing on the rise of communism in the country. This lack of interest wouldn’t last as by the end of 1960, the death of civillians in a rebellion against the president sparked major interest among the American media. Soon, many major news stations began sending over scout reporters, as the stories seemed to strike a nerve in the American
The Vietnam War The war in Vietnam was an enduring struggle for independence that lasted twenty years. After being colonized and controlled by Japan, France, and China, Vietnam was ready to revolutionize and gain their independence. Once Ho Chi Minh, the new leader of Vietnam, adopted communism the United States became more worried about Soviet aggression. A communist Vietnam meant that neighboring countries could fall to communism through a theory called the domino theory. As the war began the United States soon found themselves in a state of social, economic, and political turmoil.
On January 27, 1973, after five years of negotiations between the governments of Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the Republic of Vietnam, the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, and the United States, the Paris Peace Accords were signed in Paris1. Following the agreement, the U.S troops withdrew out of Vietnam. Just over two years after the peace treaty was signed, on April 30, 1975, the South of Vietnam was defeated by the Communist North Vietnamese and South Vietnamese supporters of the communist, also known as the Viet Cong. Officially, in Vietnam, April 30, 1975 is called Reunification day. However, to many others, it was the day they lost their country to communism.
One such challenge of using technology during the Vietnam War was that the US could not fully utilise the tanks to their advantage as the terrain in the Vietnam jungle was too muddy and soft that hinder the movement of their tanks.3 Thus, the tanks were not fully employed and hardly played a huge role in combat during the war. The US were also overconfident and underestimated the capabilities of the well-trained VC in guerrilla warfare who were very familiar and knowledgeable with the terrains and challenging environmental conditions that caused challenges for the US to engage them. VC forces were very effective and elusive by hiding underground through their extensive network of Cu Chi tunnels to evade the US forces and air bombardment. Through non-conventional warfare such as the guerrilla tactics employed by the VC, it made it harder for the US forces to call in air power to bombard the VC forces as they fought very closely against the US and thus, rendered the US air power advantage