Many people know of the Vietnam War and its devastating effect on both the United States and Vietnam, but few know of its effect on Cambodia and the mass genocide following the war. The United States, under Lyndon Johnson’s administration, bombed Cambodian villages believed to be containing Vietnamese communists and supply routes. U.S carpet bombing began to increase in support of the pullout of U.S troops in Vietnam. The B-52 bombing campaign ended as a result of a peace treaty between the United States and the North Vietnamese, but the Khmer Rouge and Lon Nol armies continued to fight until Phenom Penh fell to the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge then began their terrible reign and efforts to reconstruct Cambodia resulting in a mass genocide.
How did Ho Chi Minh's army defeat the USA in the Vietnam war? In March 1965, US President Lyndon Baines Johnson gave order to send 3,500 marines to South Vietnam and consequently started America's involvement in the Vietnam war. In short, the main reason that Johnson, Nixon and Kennedy continued to involve the USA in the Vietnam war, was to stop the spread of communism. Also, since the USSR and China had also become communist states, 'losing' more countries to communism would cause America to forfeit its powerful position as 'the leader of the free world'. America assumed it would be easy for them to win the war against North Vietnam, they were a huge military machine against a peasant army, yet this huge underestimating of the Viet Cong
immediately intervened in the beginning of the Korean War. This is mainly because the capitalist country was extremely afraid of communism spreading around the world, particularly Asia, and would do anything to stop it. The events following the U.S. joining the war created a tension between the country and the Soviet Union, which will later lead to the “Cold War”, because of the U.S.’ plans on stopping the spreading of communism throughout different parts of the globe. The whole conflict between the two countries was caused mainly caused by communism and one’s desire of dominating the whole world. Due to the U.S. worrying about the Soviets’ plans on spreading communism, they centered their foreign policy on the containment of communism, both home and abroad.
But russia later found out the truth as they found much of the plane had survived and they had hold of the pilot who flew it. This brang the two nations to a nuclear war. Creation of the berlin wall ( 1961 august 13th) This wall was put together dead in the night and basically stopped all the east germans from fleeing to the east side . The Cuban Missile Crisis ( October 15th 1962) This crisis was between the United nations and the Soviet union caused a major problem.The soviets began to place some weapons like bombs into cuba . Cuba then decided that they would go under quarantine which at the time was seen as an act of war.
Introduction The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. Before the Vietnam War, it was believed that any problem can solved with the use of military. But in Vietnam War, countries like USA, become to know that, war is not a solution of every problem in Southern Asia. In this war, one side was represented by the USA, who had the support of west European countries and other side was North Vietnam, , who was supported by USSR. The origins of the Vietnam War are rooted in centuries of resistance by the Vietnamese from foreign control.
THE DOMINO THEORY: A NECESSITY OF CONTAINMENT, OR A TOOL OF CONTROL? Address Line 1 Address Line 2 Address Line 3 (optional) Name School and Class details Date of submission Abstract 1. Introduction The domino theory originated from the idea of “containment” that dominated American foreign policy throughout the Cold War period. In essence, the domino theory postulated that if a nation came under the influence of communism, or even fell under communist control, then the neighbouring nations would soon follow suit. The domino theory was rapidly incorporated into the Truman Doctrine, a policy which pledged US support to free nations fighting communism.
Before the Cold War, Truman had been the one to make the final decision to use the first nuclear bomb and he saw the devastation it had brought with it. Eisenhower formerly was a general in the U.S. military. He believed that Truman’s preferred methods didn’t go far enough. During his time in office, Kennedy brought new ideas and methods in combating communism. Although each president’s style varied from each other, they were all trying to reach a common goal.
The Vietnam War took place during the cold war era, which lasted many years and could be described as the clashing of two conflicting ideologies between the communist eastern countries and the capitalist western countries. The Americans aimed at stopping the spread of communism in Vietnam, based on the their policy of containment, which was set up to stop the spread of communism to any other country in the world. Many American citizens opposed the sending of their own troops to fight in a war that was not even theirs to lose. Many of the soldiers being sent to Vietnam were members of the youth, which led to increasingly rapid protest action amongst students, as well as the parents of the young men being conscripted. These American troops were being placed to fight in unfamiliar and harsh terrain – as the majority of Vietnam was overgrown with forests and dangerous wildlife - which negatively affected the Americans morale and diminishing their possibility of success in the war.
Since then the country has seen many wars mostly involving boarder issues with neighboring China. The country has been through many civil wars along with fighting enemies abroad at the same time. Vietnam was not on the radar of most powerful countries until the French Indochina war in the mid-nineteenth century. Then again, during the Second World War with the Japan Empire over taking Vietnam and forcing all that opposed to force labor to work for the Japan Empire’s war machine (Elanor Jane Sterling, 2007). After the turn of World War II, the country forced into yet again a civil war between the communist and the people’s republic of Vietnam.
As politicians continued to send more and more troops to Vietnam, Americans began to question the involvement of the US and voiced their disapproval openly. In 1963, Bob Dylan recorded, “Masters of War,” as an angry protest song that voiced the opinions of the young people who were protesting against the war. He describes the brutality of war throughout the song. He explained how the government builds death planes, big bombs, and guns to aid in the brutality. Pointing fingers at the government, Dylan claims that they only build in order to destroy.
Thousands of Americans soldiers died in Vietnam. The war had cost so much that President Johnson was forced to cancel multiple programs including his social reform program. America had failed to contain communism and many people lost confidence in our country. It was nearly 20 years before America again tried to police the world. However, the domino affect was proved wrong because the loss of South Vietnam to communism did not immediately effect what happened in governments of other countries.
In the article “Four Dead in O-hi-o” from The Pop History Dig, Jack Doyle an author and the publisher of the website gives insight on the historical significance of the song “Ohio”. On April 30, 1970, President Richard Nixon declared expansion of the Vietnam War by sending the American troops in to invade Cambodia. At this time, there was already controversy over the war, many Americans, especially the younger ones, despised the fact that the U.S. joined a war they had no business being a part of. The invasion of Cambodia infuriated many students and caused an uproar in protests all over the nation. On May 4, 1970, after 3 long days of protesting, four unarmed kids were shot by the National Guard at Kent State University.
The Vietnam War drastically changed how Americans viewed their country. The US emerged from World War II as a world superpower and as a country where patriotism meant serving one’s country and following authority’s orders. However, in the 1960s, the discontent of many minority groups who believed that the “American Dream” was only obtainable by a select few, led to many social changes in the US. This discontent also fueled the many individuals who questioned what the US was doing fighting communism on the other side of the world. The Vietnam War divided American society at home on their views on national pride, police protection and justice, and trust in the US government, and also changed Americans view of their countries nobility.
This war was started for a few reasons: the British were kidnapping U.S. sailors and forcing them into the Navy, attempting to restrict trade with America, and fighting a war with an ally country, France. Congressmen called “warhawks” strongly encouraged the war although little to no preparation was made. The warhawks wanted to use the war as a way to gain land in Canada without having to fight all of the British troops due to the French war. Although the war was declared, the House and Senate were “bitterly divided” on the issue, according to History.com. Most battles fought were undecided, but the British eventually ended the war with France and used all of their armed forces against America.