She creates literature to embody how Canada and women are humiliated and defeated (Grace, 1980). Canada is a country made up of different ethnicities of the Natives, the English, and the French. It has suffered a lot because of the atrocities of divergent colonization. The influences of this ownership has not only on military and materialistic fields, but also deepened its roots
Social inequality is linked to gender and race or ethnicity and plays another major role in structural violence. In his article, Paul Farmer makes it evident that Acephie and Chouchou died in different ways precisely because of their gender. Paul Farmer states, “Gender inequality also helps to explain why the suffering of Acephie is much more commonplace than that of Chouchou” (21). In this statement, Paul Farmer is trying to convey that due to sexism, events such as what happened to Acephie happen more frequently as women are the main victims of domestic violence and rape. Silencing those who suffer from structural violence and concealing their stories in order to spare those in power is the final characteristic of structural violence.
There are many movements to try to bring awareness of the many missing and murdered Indigenous women. Since the Indian Act does discriminate against women because Indigenous women are inferior due to the western ideologies “as dictated by the Act, they are branded deviants and considered fair game for mistreatment,” furthermore proving that the Indian Act is subjecting the Native women to criticism because they do no tact like the white women. Violence among indigenous women is also on the rise, “the Native Women’s Association of Canada found that between the 1960’s and 2010, 582 Igneous women and girls went missing or were murdered,” which has Indigenous women fearing for their lives because they do not know if their loved ones will ever be found. Indigenous women are stereotyped to living in a high-risk way since they are not living a “normal” lifestyle, the police do not do much; however, if the person was white the police would do more to help locate the white woman. The families of the missing women do not get the attention that they need to help find the missing person because “police may [be] aware of [the] practices of endangering Indigenous women but do nothing about them,” which proves that Indigenous people are often put to the side since they are not as important.
Both would face a punishment of death sentence and the husbands of the victims were the only ones who could appeal to this sanction. This regulation was also applied to the early Hebrew law but with some exceptions. Women victims were given punishment if the assault occurred within the city. According to the law, the woman must scream and demonstrate lack of consent in order for the residents nearby to come and assist her. As opposed to this, if rape happened beyond the city’s boundaries, the woman’s punishment is lifted while the suspect is forced to marry the victim and pay her a bride price.
The overall goal of genocidal rape is to inﬂict punishment on the male enemy by creating psychological and physical harm for women and girls (Sharlach 2000 as cited in Matusitz, 2017, p. 836). Consequently, war rape as genocidal rape redefines the sexually assaulted woman’s body as a “site of ethnic clashes” (Kirk & Taylor, 2006, p. 139) and reframes the targeted population as sub-human. In turn, the ethnic cleansing strategy represents “an enactment of ethnic superiority” (Mullins, 2009, p. 732). The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical analysis of genocidal rape. The following will be discussed: how genocidal rape manifests, including prevalence rates, consequences of genocidal rape, socio-cultural, political, and economic factors that affect women’s vulnerability to genocidal rape and the interventions that might be effective in addressing the issue.
“Violence and terrorism are not the answer. (Elie Wiesel)” In the novel, Night, by Elie Wiesel, an article about ISIS genocides, and articles on genocide deniers, shows the theme of death, and how we need to address a bigger picture. The thoughts of death and denial in these works can show the darkness of humanity with all the killings of millions, how it’s ignored, and how humanity denies it ever happened. There are some minor differences, such as how the two causers of the genocide had different targets, and their way of carrying it out. Night with its themes of death, and current religious genocides in Iraq and Syria, carried out by ISIS, shows that studying history is significant, seeing how it shows not to repeat the atrocities of history, such as the Holocaust and the Armenian Genocide, where humanity killed millions of innocent people, and that how they aren’t addressed as much as they should.
Domestic violence is so far beyond the “ken of the average layman,” and so ingrained in our beliefs that it is a private, family matter, an expert is essentially required to fit this into commonly held views of reasonableness. Using testimony about a “syndrome” to explain what a reasonable person would do is a contradiction in terms—it is a legal fiction that the legal community has developed to allow experts to testify in trials of battered women. Such an expert testimony might actually prevent the unjust result of sending a victim to prison for acting out of necessity, but doesn’t require changing the actual substantive self-defense laws. This use of expert testimony to explain reasonableness, though logically baffling, is the only realistic option for introduction of evidence of battering under the current evidentiary laws. The ability to present expert testimony at trial for a battered woman who has
Public Order Crimes: Is Prostitution Criminal and Immoral? Since time can remember, societies have endlessly prohibited and limited behaviors that oppose social norms, customs, and values. Criminologists are concerned with who decides what is and is not considered acceptable behavior, and how we discriminate between the two (book, 311). Public order crimes are “actions that do not conform to society’s general ideas of normal social behavior and moral values.” These certain actions are viewed as harmful to the “public good” or harmful and disruptive to society (http://law.jrank.org/pages/11962/Public-Order-Crimes.html). For example, common law crimes such as kidnapping and rape are considered morally wrong and damaging, while other behaviors,
The bench also called for deletion of section 309 of the Indian Penal Code, labelling it as cruel, irrational which results actually in punishing an individual twice. Section 309, Indian Penal Code, according to the court violates Article 21 and is therefore void. This is necessary to humanize the law. In the opinion of the court, attempted suicide are a medical and a social problem and are best dealt by non customary measures. The court emphasized that attempt to commit suicide is in reality a cry for help and not for punishment.
I believe that Cunégonde and the old woman are very similar in the sense that she did not give up on being reunited with Candide even when there seemed to be no “light at the end of the tunnel.” Many women today are victims of sexual assault and rape, but like the old woman and Cunégonde, they do not let it define who they are women. Although many women are destroyed emotionally after they are sexually assaulted, there are some victims that speak about their stories to raise awareness about the issue of sexual assault. The women who are strong enough to share their stories, just like the old woman, show that there is hope and a life after being attacked. Rather than giving up, these brave women use their experiences to help others get through the tough times that lie ahead after being sexually
Domestic violence is an issue in the United States and numerous cases remain unreported. Many Studies have established a relationship between culture and violence Many researchers have examined the issue of domestic violence to answer their hypothesis and possibly come out with a recommendation to minimize the harm. Domestic violence causes a lot of harm in a relationship and the victim at the end can probably commit suicide or have psychological problems. This report is aimed to understand the reasons why Latina women are victims of domestic violence, figure out if it is cultural and common among other race. Researchers have associated the root of domestic violence among Latina women as acculturation and lack of help seeking because those
Justice Thurgood Marshall objected the Court’s ruling stating that if Americans were more knowledgeable, they would conclude the death penalty as unbefitting to the situation. Justice William Brennan dissented on moral grounds, saying the death penalty is intolerable (“Gregg v. Georgia”, Casebriefs). This landmark Supreme Court case clarified what is considered cruel and unusual punishment for many future verdicts to