Introduction: Gender-based violence (GBV) is the general term used to capture violence that occurs as a result of the normative role prospects linked with each gender, along with the unequal power relationships between the two genders, within the context of a specific society (Bloom 2008, p14).While women, girls, men and boys can be victims of GBV, the main focus is on violence against women and girls. This is not to say that gender-based violence against men does not exist. For instance, men can become targets of physical or verbal attacks for disobeying major concepts of masculinity, for example because they have sex with men. Men can also become victims of violence in the family – by partners or children. (Bloom 2008, p14)However, it has
It includes not only sexual assault and rape, but also harassment, such as forcing a partner to have sex with other people, pursuing sexual activity when the victim is not fully conscious or is afraid to say no, hurting partner physically during sex and coercing partner to have sex without protection / sabotaging birth control. (Waithayawongkorn et al., 2009) The effects of domestic violence against womenby intimate partners are the both of physically and emotionally from multiple traumas. These traumas can have various effects on the mind, body and spirit. It is natural to experience these, and acknowledging the effects can be an important first step in embarking on a process towards restoration and healing. Living with domestic violence can cause physical and emotional harm to women.
This study seeks to understand international law and domestic violence with focus on the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Domestic violence is very prevalent in Afghanistan with majority of targets being women and children. However the main focus in this research would be the women. Domestic Violence against women can be called domestic abuse, spousal abuse, battering and family violence, furthermore it is a serious concern because not only is it a violent act committed against women, it also violates their human rights. Tjaden & Thoennes (2000) defined domestic violence as rape, assault and stalking perpetuated by current and former dates, spouses and cohabiting partners. The Office of Violence against Women (2007) defines domestic violence as a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner.
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction According to Bloom, (2008) gender violence includes sexual assault rape; relationship violence in the man and woman and same sex partnerships, harassment of sexual nature, stalking, prostitution and sex trafficking. Gender violence brings out the idea that at times violence serves to maintain structural gender inequalities which includes any violence against men, women, children and all of different sexual orientation. Gender relations greatly influence this type of violence. In order to address this issue, we have to address cultural matters that encourage violence as part of masculinity (Bloom 2008). Gender based violence is predominantly a male-patterned violence: a prevalent violence committed most often but not always by men and it is often motivated by aggression, revenge, competition, and entitlement.
We see that there is a power inequality that is being experienced within abusive relationships. Specific examples of how one can exert power over their partner is by: preventing her from seeing her family as well as friends, limiting the amount of money in which she can access, and preventing her from receiving the right medication (Is someone you know being abused in a relationship,
While women are more frequently victims of severe physical violence, men get victimized in romantic relationships, too. Cultural gender norms and European laws declared violence against women the norm and rendered violence against men invisible by shaming and ridiculing male
In fact, many people think that violence against women is existed due to many factors. First, some men have inferior complex and they think that violence against women is justified for them in order to control women. Those men misuse women and hence they treat them badly. Second,
However, the most common ones that we need to know are: • Anger related – A crime of passion or anger can lead to a lot of things in your life. A common example would be a sexual assault due to a personal grudge on the woman. This is done to defile and degrade the victim as an ultimatum. • Power assertive – A person with underlying feelings of inadequacy feeds their issues with respect to mastery, control, dominance, strength, intimidation, authority and capability only to show their competency. This becomes repetitive and compulsive which leads to a lot of rapes in a short span of time.
In Trinidad and Tobago the Domestic violence Act chap 45:56 of 1999 defines domestic violence as ‘ physical, sexual, emotional or physiological or financial abuse committed by a person against a spouse, child, any other person who is a member of the household or a dependant.’ This paper will be a review on domestic violence but specifically focusing on domestic violence against women in Trinidad and Tobago, the effects that it has on the victim and family members, the laws pertaining to domestic violence against women and what are some of the avenues and resources that are available to victims. The United Nations defines violence against women as “any act of gender based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or mental harm, or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” According to the Head of the Victim and Witness Support Unit of the Police Service Mrs. Margaret Sampson-Browne stated that between the periods
That 's a horrible scenario to take into account. To add, the victims in case are often blamed for deserving what they get because they fail to take care of their husbands. Male supremacy and subordination by females together paint the picture for such unfathomable conditions for women. In a report by the United Nations, domestic violence is legitimized by the structure of the family (that which depicts a