Muslims are often classed as terrorists and nonconformist, solely looking to cause collateral damage in core countries. They are often characterized with groups like ISIS, through many of them do not have a connection to the organization. Muslim citizens have become notorious after the 9/11 attacks, as they are discriminated by every racial group. America is where people could become successful, no matter their racial heritage. Muslims should be given the chance to become political leaders and social conformist.
It is known as a process in Islam to transform one’s soul to achieve internal peace; excluding hatred and anger. It is recognized in the Quran, Surah 2: Al-Baqarah, Verse 216; “Jihad is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” The jihad by the tongue stands for the art of expressiveness to work in service of the faith. In other words, it is defending Islam and spreading Islam through speeches and lectures. The jihad by the pen and knowledge stands for writing in
Hazlitt argues that specific belief systems are justifiers to in act the inherent hatred in humanity. The worst offender of these belief systems, according to Hazlitt, is religion which is a “pretext… set up for men to wrangle, to quarrel, to tear one another to pieces”. Religion as a tool to induce human suffering, promotes Hazlitt’s argument that humanity hates itself because it means that all the differing religions are justifiers to fight . The willingness to cause human suffering, imbedded in amount of religions in existence, implies a deep hatred for others humans. Correspondingly Hazlitt’s conceptualization of religion exemplifies the toxicity of society, because religion is so key to society, and religion is only a justifier to in act human hatred.
The Muslims also used propaganda to encourage their followers to rise up and reclaim the land that was taken from them in the First Crusade. They too used religious leaders and artists to promote their cause. With the wound from the First Crusade still being fresh, the Muslim people were enraged enough to join forces and reclaim the Holy Land for themselves. One of the driving factors behind the Crusades was that this would be a religious cleansing for Christianity. They set out to either convert or rid the world of nonbelievers.
The onset of westward invasion was under Hulagu’s command. The unique decision to focus on west could be attributed to many reasons, but as evident in many primary resources, I tend to make the argument that religion played a very important role. To be more specific, Hulagu’s personal background caused his hatred towards anything related to Islamism which later resulted in his determination to completely destroy the city of Baghdad and Islamic culture. Figure 1. Figure 2.
Terrorism as stated in the Oxford English Dictionary is “The unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.” and calculated is “done with full awareness of the likely consequences.” From this we see that a calculated terrorist is one who made use of violence against civilians, fully understanding the consequences, in order to achieve a political goal. Next we can look into Brown’s motives for his crimes, James N. Gilbert lists 3 points as to what motivates some terrorists “1.Society is sick and cannot be cured by half measures of reform. 2.The state is in itself violent and can be countered and overcome only by violence. 3.The truth of terrorists cause justifies any action that supports it. While some terrorists recognize no moral law, others have their own “higher” morality.” 2(Taking Sides, 232) Brown believed society to have embraced a sickness through the act of slavery.
First, Dr. Ahmed’s speech tells us that Muslims in America face diversity on a daily basis. The diversity they face is based upon stereotyping and plain out fear. I personally conclude that it is atrocious that the actions of a few can afflict millions. Stereotyping causes fear and hate on both sides, conservatives and
Opposition to Secular Ideology Imam Khomeini had very harsh objections against the secular ideology since he resented the separation of the State from religion, making it far superior than Islam. Not only did this divide make the State a legitimate source of power, it also made the State, a focus of allegiance. This trumped his ideas of establishing Islam as the way forward for the people of Iran. However, the Imam had no objections to nationalism, in the sense of patriotism, since it did contribute to creating an atmosphere of loyalty among the people. In addition to ensuring that the country followed Islam as a political tool, Khomeini wanted Islamic awakening among the Muslim-dominated nations and develop close economic, political, and cultural ties among them.
Stereotypes have a pernicious effect. They stress upon the dissimilarities between people as religion, ethnicity, gender and race. For instance, The American journalists always report Muslims as a totally different religious group. Moreover, They function as tools for proving, keeping and reinforcing social orders as they are made by a given society’ members to maintain their social standing by grouping themselves as “us” and exclude the others under the label “them”( Schonemann 30). Furthermore, Stereotypes inform us what the people of a given social group are like and what their behaviours are ( Schonemann 30).
War on Religion There is a belief among people that declares religion as the main cause of wars worldwide, and it has been the main cause of violence throughout the history of humanity. While we cannot deny that, some battles such as the crusades and the Lebanese civil war were based on religious faith, it is totally illogical to consider religion as the main cause of wars. Moreover, although there is also no disagreement that some extremist in Islam were behind 9/11, it is considered a misjudgment to say that all individuals in this religion convey the concept of violence and cruelty. The fact is non-religious incentives take the responsibility for almost all of humans’ wars. Lives lost during religious wars are nothing compared to those lost during non-religious wars.so why people believe that religion is the cause of wars, why they are wrong and do the extremist represent religions?
The Qur’an states that “God will bestow forgiveness and rich recompense” (Document B) to “those who submit to God and accept the true Faith” (Document B). It also says that “the believers who do good works … shall enter Paradise.” (Document B). The laws of Islam say that if someone submits to god and does good works, god will give them forgiveness and paradise. The Qur’an also says “do not devour one another’s property by unjust means” (Document B). Raids were always an important part of Middle Eastern culture, and Islam said that stealing unjustly was unacceptable.
Many people have different views on religion, and bin Laden’s religious views are tremendously different than other religions. Bin Laden was a Muslim. Muslims believe that killing and attacking people were religiously correct. Him and his religion believed violence was the right thing to do from God’s perspective (Dearden, n.d.). Many different people and decisions influenced Osama bin Laden.
Additionally, aspects of greater jihad include being self sufficient and seeking out an education, regardless of gender, something that is not readily available to all other civilizations- converting to Islam would make it possible for them too to live by greater jihad. As well as this, the Quran set “specific terms” for fighting which prohibited the desecration of any item and the mutilation of the enemy’s dead. These merciful post-victory terms also earned the Islamic army respect and encouraged conversion, a parallel to the astonishment of the Meccans when Muhammad’s army did not destroy their town, rather invited them to join him, which they did (631 CE). Addressing lesser jihad, this encouragement to fight against oppression allowed the Muslims to conquer by force while staying in line with their beliefs. War was justified through lesser jihad, as Muslims perceived it as a threat (a form of “opposition”) when countries refused to accept the terms of surrender outlined in Document 3.
Muslims in the United States were symbolically attached to the notion that they were likely connected to the 9/11 attacks and other future acts of terrorism (such as hiding a terrorist). The events of 9/11 intensified the fear of terrorism and the war on terror became the sole purpose of American politics, thus putting terrorism and war on the same outlook. Unfavorable views of Islam and overall negative views of Muslim may be associated with the support for the War on Terror. It is safe to say that public attitudes toward Muslims help one 's stance on the War on Terror. Cainkar expresses that terming a “war” on terrorism provokes fear and promotes violence.