They were part of the Anglican religion. Those in Massachusetts were puritans and looking for a place where they would be free from religious persecution. Wealthy people who could afford the boat journey and did not have to become indentured slaves went for a more settled life. In 1616 John Rolfe imported tobacco seeds to Virginia, as the plants needed long and hot humid seasons. The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground.
During his presidency, he reduced the debt by $23 million. Many years before Jefferson became president, the Barbary states had sent pirates to attack and capture European and American ships, cargo, and sailors. They would then hold the crews for ransom and demanded large sums of money for safe passage. The US and European countries would routinely give into these demands because they knew it would cost less than war. Jefferson had opposed this from the beginning, so when he was president, he made it all change.
After the Spanish made some fortunate discoveries in South America, the English were determined to strike gold in the north, however, they would soon find out that this “new country” was not so perfect. In the Spring of 1607, about 100 colonists sailed to North America and created an English settlement called Jamestown (Roden 49). Upon their arrival, they discovered that Jamestown was home to some 1500 Powhatan Indians, and, because the colonists didn’t bring the right people to defend themselves from Indian attacks, many people died (Roden 49). The colonist also didn’t bring enough people to ward off disease, drought, or famine. The English also made a number of bad choices, one of which was how they chose to treat the Indians.
This act made sure that the colonies were still under control of the British. 7.) Specific colonies had specific jobs, for instance, in the New England Colonies it was more common to fish and work in shipping rather than to farm since the weather wasn’t ideal for that region. In Contrast, the middle and southern colonies were able to use agriculture as a way to make money. These regions were a lot more fit for farming and other jobs within that range.
They were treated as sub-human and had no freedom.They recieved very little food, so many starved to death. (Doc 5) Columbus demanded at least a thimble-sized amount of gold every three months from each Native. If they did not reach this goal, their hands were chopped off. In addition, many of the Arawaks were forced onto encomiendas, cash crop plantations, where they were regularly worked to death. Seeing the impending doom, the suicide rate of the Arawaks skyrocketed just so they could avoid the fate of those around them.
Looking back to the 1500s, the English had been situating settlements in Ireland and used a familiar model in the New World. The early years of Jamestown were difficult for the settlers. The land was hot, humid, and mosquito-infested, and the settlers were mostly aristocrats and artisans that spent much of their time searching for gold. Those who didn’t die on the trip, died once they arrived from diseases and starvation. In 1607, about 3 ships-each holding more than 100 English passengers, arrived on the Chesapeake Bay region of Virginia.
Droughts were also a problem. From “The Lost Colony and Jamestown Droughts,” the charts show that the drought lasted from “1605-1612.” With a drought that long, crops didn’t grow and colonists died from hunger and thirst. Eventually, the colonists did get food when they traded with the Indians. But Francis West took all of it, and went back to England. He thought that the colonist would have enough food to survive when they go back to England (Hume).
Although tobacco was a large crop within Virginia, providing for 40 percent of Virginia’s economy during the early colonization period, it was tough to grow (Encyclopedia Virginia). Tobacco exhausted the fertile lands in Virginia because it took all the nutrients from the soil (Bacon’s Rebellion). Since tobacco harmed the land, settlers struggled to gain profit from the growth of the crop. In addition to lower profits, Berkeley’s land grants and the way tobacco grows supplemented to the continuous cycle of indentured servitude. Plantation owners needed cheap labor to grow tobacco, and were unable to fulfill their original contract of land as payment for years of work.
Argumentative Essay Outline I. Claim: Celebration of Columbus Day should be abolished due to Columbus’ harsh treatment toward the Native Americans and fallacies in his exploration. II. Sub-Claims: A) Reason: Columbus’ exploration was not meant to discover America but to conquer and exploit existed American civilizations. Evidence: “When slavery did not pay off, Columbus turned to a tribute system, forcing every Taíno, 14 or older, to fill a hawk’s bell with gold every three months” (Huffington Post).
Times were much simpler, yet worse, in March 1610 as there were only about sixty of us colonial men left standing and we were lucky to even still be alive due to the high mortality rate. Fast forward forty years later, and now families have been shipping in by the thousands, although some do not last long due to lingering diseases. I have made an assumption that the water we have been drinking may be a cause of all the disease that is continuously being spread amongst the people, but people seem to be more focused on tobacco and the natives. However, priorities were not always based on tobacco, because before John Rolfe blessed the colony with his discoveries there was the issue of maintaining a stable society on this