From this comes ideas about the inferiority complex and constant reassuring questions like am I good enough? Overall, Freud and Jung’s theories were very similar, besides the fact that Freud’s theory had an emphasis on sex, and Adler 's theory was very different, talking about a person 's need to strive for superiority. Skinner and Bandura’s theory on personality are similar in the way that they deal with a person 's environment, instead of their unconscious like Freud and Jung. Though, what makes them different, is the way that they looked at how a person 's environment affects them. Skinner believed in the rewards and
Discuss the impact of religious orientations on the understanding of sexuality and gender. Use at least two detailed examples to discuss the dynamics of ethical debates in the U.S. Unlike sex, the history of sexuality depends on culture and is limited by the language to be fully defined and understood. In the story by David M. Halperin “Is There a History of Sexuality?” In his story Halperin says “Sex has no history and that it is a natural fact, grounded in the functioning
During Shakespeare’s time, the societal norms that cultivated women were very precise. Women were held to high standards both look and act in a specific way, but did society ever take it too far? Many poets during Shakespeare’s time wrote traditional blazon sonnets, ones that compared women to the most wondrous things life has to offer; gems, jewels, plants, and stars. Such beautiful comparisons were made, but the women were made out to be so unrealistic. Women had become a collection of objects rather than human, but Shakespeare shed some light on the matter at hand and presented a new way of thinking.
Many poets during Shakespeare’s time wrote traditional blazon sonnets, ones that compared women to the most wondrous things life has to offer; gems, jewels, plants, and stars. Such beautiful comparisons were made and the women appeared so divine but they were unrealistic. Women had become a collection of objects rather than human, but Shakespeare shed some light on the matter at hand and presented a new way of thinking. In Shakespeare’s My Mistress’ Eyes, he purposefully contradicts the typical blazon tradition, uses enjambment, end-stop, and rhyme schemes to create a sonnet which serves as a statement that disowns the societal views on women.
There are also superficial criticisms like those who claim that behind all this there are only some people who think they sound more interesting defining themselves as queer rather than as lesbian or gay. Nevertheless, what cannot be ignored is that queer people seek a world of equal rights between different people: it advocates that everyone can be who they are, as it is. People cannot be stereotyped because of their sexual preference. Nobody has to their life according to the stupid rules society once invented to give sense to something seen for the first time, like a gay man in the 60s. The word "queer" that began as a label or something very offensive and often used for discriminatory or offensive purposes, became a word for members of the gay community without offensive purposes.
Goldman goes on further to state that concepts relating to ethics, morality and nature are not to be interrelated with one another as “sex continues to be misrepresented in philosophical writings” in the ‘means-end’ approach to the analysis of sexual activity(Goldman, 1977). This means-end approach to the concept of sexual acts is a set of false notions that are made useless with the prevalence of contraceptives –such as condoms- within society. Views regarding what is and isn’t to be considered as perverse are laden with problems and grey areas, so is it a realistic idea for a society, one culture, to create a universalistic standard for what is considered normal, sexual practices? While I do hold opinioned views in respect to acts such as bestiality and child molestation, one must realize that in previous cultures and in some societies that existed long before ours, the age for marriage between a male and a female was far lower than present day cultures permit. An
Literature has always been a handy tool in exploring the gender relations and several differences. Humanist feminist criticism objects to the exclusion of women from these definitions because they tend towards an inaccurate account of the subjectivity of women rather than a historically reconstructed ideology. Today re-reading of literature assumes an important aspect of any critical project for it would help in the reconstitution of the idea of female subjectivity. Thus a more meaningful subject for literary writings focuses on the idea of psychic fragmentation of the weaker sex rather than on the theme of social oppression which assumes a secondary position. Psychotic rupture is perhaps the worst and most regressive aspect of female subjectivity.
Using such female authors as Jane Austen and Emily and Charlotte Bronte, she examined women and their struggles as artists, their position in literary history and need for independence. She also invented a female fellow of William Shakespeare, a sister named Judith to at times emphasize her feministic ideals. Woolf proved to be an innovative and influential 20th Century author. In some of her novels she didn’t follow the rules of plot and structure, but she chose to use stream-of-consciousness to emphasize the psychological aspects of her characters, as she claimed and asked the artists to be concerned with the fact that the psychological facet of the character is an
As an important writer of the Stream-of-Consciousness Novel, Virginia Woolf is one of the most prominent women writers in the history of modern English literature. Under the influence of western philosophy and psychology in the 20th century, she devoted to the reform of novel-writing. She attacked the traditional manner of novel-writing by pointing out that it paid too much attention to exterior details but ignored the inner world of man. She thus asked writers to explore the inner life and called for a new kind of novel, as represented by Ulysses. To Woolf, the world where we live is fragmentary, and disorderly.
He tells that Women in Love prove D. H. Lawrence as one of the greatest literary artists, and Lawrence is a modern novelist and uses a lot of modern writing techniques to mold the characters. Woman in Love is especially a book which “has artistic form more contrary to nature and meaningful structure”. The characters in the novel are extraordinary in their personalities which are closely related to the bible and have symbolic meanings. Women in Love, is one of Lawrence’s masterpieces and also one of the important novels of the 20th century. Nevertheless, this novel is difficult to comprehend and analyze Lawrence’s art thoroughly in novel writing.