Achievement VS Ascription An achievement culture is based on how well someone performs whereas ascription is based more on the person’s background, connections or what they ‘do’. In China, guanxi plays a very important role in Chinese culture – it’s not what you know but who you know and this could have resulted in JPM’s princeling hiring practices. It was crucial that their organization knew and had connections with the ‘right’ people so that they could progress in the business developments in China. (Luthans & Doh,
While Chinese culture believes that societal improvement arises from strict adherence to a set of guidelines and ridged political structure, Sumerian culture encourages improving society through developing a legacy to inspire future generations. The Chinese emphasis on order is present in the familial and social hierarchy structure that fosters submissiveness and respect to elders, which diverges from Sumerian emphasis on comradery. Virtue is strictly attainable to individuals of high social status or hold political power and can fully devote their lives to studying, practicing, and understanding the Way, but most citizens can not invest this time and effort. As a result, it is the responsibility of those who have found the Way to instruct the entire society and lead by example. While Sumerian culture is similar in that those who have found virtue are responsible for the improvement of others, the guidelines of becoming virtuous are much less rigid and exclusive.
Known as filial piety, this duty to father became deeply ingrained in Chinese civilization.” Even though all obedience had to be given to the father, respect for the mother was also expected, but not to the level of the father. With that it is the main understanding that children were required to showing solitude to parents , if not there would be no way in reforming a stable community, and administration. In the end it makes the most sense to say that the contribution of order in a society and government have had the biggest influence on Confucianism in the Han Dynasty of 206 B.C all the way to 220 A.D as it is resembled in the display of education, relationships, and family
As written in Doc. 1 by a Han government official, China searched for ways to apply their technologies in the most efficient way possible, without much labor, and to benefit the laborers as well. Doc. 4 from a history book sponsored by the Han government, states that China aimed to make work easier for the laborers, to increase the efficiency. Both documents show Han China in a bright light, and that may be because they are written or sponsored by Han government officials.
China has always been known to grow or make things that many other countries like so this wall helped those things from not being stolen or destroyed. Finally, the last example is the fact that it had made a great lookout for China. The Great Wall had made it so much easier to prevent unwanted wars or keep unwanted people away from starting wars. There are so many more benefits but these are so of many that prove that The Great Wall of China’s benefits did outweigh the
Filial piety is considered respect for the elderly. It is a core aspect of Confucianism because Confucians conceptualized family members as one body (Hwang, 1999; Yan, Ritch, & Sorenson, 2006). Confucian familism is deeply embedded in Korean caregivers (Youn, Knight, Jeong, & Benton, 1999). Filial piety runs on a social responsibility and a sense of responsibility educate adult children caregivers to support their aging parents. Confucianism makes adult children caregivers have filial piety and willingness.
Cultures with high power distance accept an unequal distribution of power and the fact that “some members have greater resources and influence than others”(p.50). When James Carter speaks to his boss, it seems that they are equal in power. James does not afraid to say what he thinks, and even the call the one with higher position by his name. The American always expects egalitarianism so it will be great if there ia not formalized hierarchical structure in community and social relationship. However, in China, it is different, relationships are hierarchical in terms of age, political status, wealth and so on.
Confucius’ view on friendship seems to be one that is grounded in character-building and aimed towards the ultimate goal of Ren, but there are many more aspects of friendship that are not covered. Indeed, when both parties involved in a friendship is upright and good in character, theoretically speaking, there exist less chances for conflicts in terms of morality, for they both share similar moral views (assuming they are both exemplifying Ren). Confucius also mentioned the importance of Xin in friendship, and that, I believe, is part of the commitment that friends make towards one another. Xin is important, and can be said to be a foundation of human relationships, but ultimately, it is still the person himself that we choose to have Xin in, and not us choosing the person because of Xin (or Ren for that
Above all, Mao Zedong’s contributions and moral conduct made him a very honest and straightforward person. Briefly, in Mao Zedong’s early life, he mostly embodies the value of honesty, for the simple reason that he was born and raised a Confucian idealized child who finds honesty and humanity as the core in his life. Similarly, during his first years as a political member, he also mostly embodies the value of honesty in his life, considering that he showed trustworthiness towards the Chinese Communist Party and led the Long March with his followers, not giving up. In contrast, after his creation of the People’s Republic of China, he rarely embodies the value of Honesty, concerning his vilification campaign and the Cultural Revolution that questioned his trustworthiness and honesty towards his followers or revered citizens. Finally, he mostly embodies the value of honesty during his early life getting to know about politics, to his contributions to politics.
Compared with earning wealth and fame for myself, I would rather make contributions for the development of the whole society, because that can bring me more sense of satisfaction. Thus, the future prosperity of China concerns me. Apart from that, the rapid development of Chinese economy has a profound influence on China’s relationship with other countries and many aspects within itself, among which law takes an essential place. I took participated in many volunteering activities, from taking care of autism children and left behind children to teach adults English. From these experiences I developed a strong sense that although economic prosperity plays an important role in society, yet what makes the public have the sense of happiness relies on the solid protection of their rights entitled by various laws in China.