Socrates, an Athenian philosopher of Ancient Greece, a man of great wisdom and knowledge, was put to death at trial, by the accusation of impiety, and corrupting the youths of society. “The Apology” written by Plato, the Defence of Socrates as it would sound, gives us an overview of what happened at the trial. Socrates had a few accusations up against him and they weren 't that simple to defend against, but that did not stop him, he came prepared and knew what he was in for, that gave him the upper hand and he was able to successfully and flawlessly defend against any accusation and statement that the accusers sent out against him. The main Accuser was Melytus, he was supported by most of the assembly and his two compatriots Anytus and Lycon.
This Oligarchy exiled and murdered thousands of people and took their property. The leaders of this regime were coined "The Thirty Tyrants". It was rumored that Socrates supported these "Thirty Tyrants" and when they ordered Socrates to arrest Leon of Salamis he refused, but didn 't care to warn Leon of impending danger. After democracy was restored in Athens, Socrates was considered a pest and called "gadfly" because of his inquiry, using the Socratic method he was exposing issues with Athenian politicians. He claimed that he was "a sort of gadfly, given to the state by God; and the state is a great and noble steed who is tardy in his motions owing to his very size, and requires to be stirred into life."
The Apology written by Plato is about the speech of Socrates at the trial in which he is accused and chargef for “corrupting the young” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonian that are novel.” The meaning of the Apology gets from the Greek "apologia," which interprets as to defend, or a speech made to defend oneself. Generally, Socrates talks in a conversational way. He clarifies that he has no involvement with the law courts.
Plato was one of the greatest Greek philosophers and was also considered as one of the most important personalities in history. He was known for his work in Apology, Phaedo, Symposium and Republic. The reason for Meno being so important is because it is probably one of the earliest dialogues created by Plato, and it starts off by Meno asking Socrates whether or not the virtue can be taught, and Socrates allures a slave boy to support his claim. Socrates asked the boy a mathematical question, and the boy answers the question completely wrong. This scenario was one of the first examples of mathematical problem.
Apology: Socrates Assignment In Apology, Socrates intent was not to apologize for his ideas and beliefs to the people of Athens, his purpose was to defend his practices by confronting his accusers, which put him on trial. Socrates charges consisted of inventing new deities, not recognizing the states Gods, and corrupting Athens youth minds. Socrates began his trial by speaking of his old accusers and the famous book The Cloud, acknowledging that people disagreed with him in his teachings. He then continued by turning from his old accusers to the current ones, more specifically Meletus.
Socrates defended himself and showed the truth by standing up for what he believed in. By doing this, he was put to death. Socrates effectively used the three acts of the mind to rebut the charges made against him at trial. Socrates used the first act of the mind: understanding. Socrates used simple apprehension by stating facts that explain different
First and foremost, it fails to adhere to the long-winded rules of imitation. The entire Republic is Plato’s attempts to imitate Socrates and his beliefs. Although Socrates could be considered to be a noble man to imitate and therefore Plato should not cower at imitating him, for he is a “good man...acting in a faultless and intelligent manner,” (396d) there is the presence of bullheaded Thrasymachus to be considered. In addition, Socrates himself engages in many acts of imitation throughout the Republic in his examples and theoretical
Plato was a philosopher and also an instructor in ancient Greece. Plato was the most important writer and thinker in the history of Western culture. Plato had an ambition of becoming a politician, his goals were crushed when Socrates was sentenced to death in 299 B.C.. After Socrates’ death, he went back to Athens and established an Academy of philosophy and science. I. Early Years
The main value that Socrates espouses is knowing oneself. He makes references to this several times throughout his address to the jury, beginning with the first line “I do not know, men of Athens, how my accusers affected you; as for me, I was almost carried away in spite of myself” (Plato 17a). This suggests that Socrates acknowledges that his accusers such talented speakers that they had the ability to cause him to even question who he was. His style of examining himself through questioning continues throughout his address when he considers how he has come to be known as wise. He asks what kind of wisdom he could possess and answers “Human wisdom, perhaps.
I think that it is a little ironic that Socrates, the man who was all about intellect, had an intellectual error. Socrates was a man who focused on the truth, and unfortunately he failed to realize that the truth might not be what everyone else was focused on. In relation to what I stated earlier here is some in text evidence; Socrates said “to disregard the manner of my speech- it doesn't matter how it compares- and to consider and concentrate your attention upon this one question, whether my claims are
In Euthyphro, Plato writes about a conversation between Socrates and Euthyphro while outside the coliseum. Socrates is trying to define, “What is piety?” as it is important for Socrates to understand, since one of the charges that Meletus claims is Socrates, is impious. Euthyphro claims to be an expert in what is pious and he is going to be charging his own father with murder. Four different attempts between Euthyphro and Socrates were made to define piety.
Plato’s Apology is in the words of Socrates. The apology explains what Socrates though of death as he awaited his death after being condemned for not believing in God. He believed after death, one would either go to another world or be in a state of nothingness. He had the theory of death being a place where one would learn about life and talk to people that no longer walk the Earth. He supports his argument that death is a gain by explaining that he, Socrates, will get to speak to famous poets and past heroes.
In the Apology, drafted by Plato, contained within the First Year Seminar anthology, the main character Socrates was convicted of several offenses. One was that “Socrates was guilty of wrongdoing in that he busied himself studying things in the sky and below the earth; he made the worse into the stronger argument, and he taught these same things to others” (Belmont University, 2016). Socrates countered with the one defense that he gained this slander because he possessed a unique kind of wisdom that others envied. In essence, who were jealous of Socrates desired to drag his name through the mud.
Ironically, Socrates by no means puts forth an “Apology” with respect to the current definition of the word, in fact, he elucidates that he is not sorry for his actions. The title “Apology” refers to the Greek word “apologia” which translates roughly to “a defense of a belief”. To effectively analyze this Plato’s version of Socrates’ unrehearsed speech, it is important to recognize its three main parts. First, Socrates defends himself against the accusations, “there are two classes of my accusers-one those who have just brought their accusation, the others those who, brought it long ago”.