Vitamin C Research Paper

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Ascorbic acid with the chemical formula C6H8O6 is comprised of L-dehydroascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acids. Ascorbic acid is most commonly known as Vitamin C, which many know are most commonly found in citrus fruits and some vegetables, eg; oranges, limes, lemons, bell peppers, etc.Vitamin C can be easily oxidized, when the ascorbic acid reacts to form dehydroascorbic acid. This is when two hydrogen atoms are lost, forming two ketone groups. Vitamin C is also a biological compound that is actively involved in the synthesis of collagen which is responsible for the structural protein in the hair, nail and skin growth. The vitamin C also has an active role in the detoxification of the by-products involved in the respiration process. During respiration,…show more content…
DNA consist of macromolecules which are; nitrogenous base, a phosphate sugar backbone and a pentose sugar. DNA has a double helical structure due to the coiling of two biopolymer strands. This double helix structure is made of nucleotides composed of either, thymine, guanine, cytosine or adenine, a monosaccharide(deoxyribose) and a phosphate group. Covalent bonds join the nucleotides together in a chain form. This is between the deoxyribose sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate component of the other nucleotide, which brings about the alternating sugar phosphate backbone.All biological information is stored in DNA which makes every organism unique. There are pieces of DNA called genes which determine a particular trait in a living organism.The sugar phosphate backbone of the DNA resist against cleavage, and both double helical strands stores the biological information, which is transcribes / replicated as they separate. These DNA strands are anti-parallel to each other as they run from and are transcribed from a 3-5 end. They are similar but they run in opposite directions. The 5(prime) carbon would be located at the top of the leading strand which is replicated continuously and the carbon on the other end, where on the lagging strand the 3(prime) carbon is at the lower portion where these are replicated in sections known as Okazaki fragments. The four bases that are attached to the sugar run in a certain sequence which is responsible for giving biological

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