Vocabulary In Early Childhood

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DEVELOPING A VOCABULARY LIST FOR 2-4 YEAR OLD TYPICALLY DEVELOPING KANNADA SPEAKING CHILDREN INTRODUCTION: Language is a complex and dynamic system of conventional symbols that is used in various modes for thought and communication (ASHA, 1982). Language code is not held common by all human beings but only those who belong to a specific community. Language depends on culture, people and place. Language acquisition is a developmental phenomenon that emerges in the early childhood (Rice, 2003). A vocabulary is the most important component in language ability. Vocabulary is the building block of language and is the essential part of communication without which people cannot convey their messages properly (Nemati, 2008). Vocabulary refers to the set of words that a child knows (Susie, 2008). Vocabulary can be split into two types: receptive vocabulary and expressive vocabulary. A child’s receptive vocabulary consists of the words the child understands when he/she hears or reads them. A child’s expressive vocabulary consists of the words the child uses when he/she speaks. Educational research shows that vocabulary strongly relates to reading comprehension, intelligence, and general ability. Building up of useful vocabulary is central to the learning of language at primary level (Susie, 2008). It is very natural that parents/caregivers are the child’s first vocabulary teachers. A vocabulary list in 1-3 years old typically developing Malayalam speaking children was developed
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