Vocabulary In Early Childhood

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DEVELOPING A VOCABULARY LIST FOR 2-4 YEAR OLD TYPICALLY DEVELOPING KANNADA SPEAKING CHILDREN
INTRODUCTION:
Language is a complex and dynamic system of conventional symbols that is used in various modes for thought and communication (ASHA, 1982). Language code is not held common by all human beings but only those who belong to a specific community. Language depends on culture, people and place. Language acquisition is a developmental phenomenon that emerges in the early childhood (Rice, 2003). A vocabulary is the most important component in language ability. Vocabulary is the building block of language and is the essential part of communication without which people cannot convey their messages properly (Nemati, 2008). Vocabulary refers to the
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The children were further divided into two groups of one year interval each i.e. 2-3and 3.1-4 years. All children were native speakers of Kannada. All children had normal speech and language development. All children were within the age range of 2-4 years and had normal hearing as it was important for assessing receptive vocabulary thus, auditory skills of the individual was checked informally. Children did not have any otological, neurological, psychological or ophthalmic problems and were from the community using the same dialect of Kannada and had same socio-economic background. Parents who participated in the study were all mothers and…show more content…
The word list consisted of receptive and expressive vocabulary of 2-4 years old typically developing Kannada speaking children. The obtained data was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results suggests that this vocabulary list can be used to find out the growth of vocabulary development for 2-4 years old typically developing Kannada speaking children and can also be used as a clinical tool to identify the children who are at risk for language impairment. But this study is based only on parental reports and the children participation in the divided age groups of 2-3 years (9 children) and 3.1-4 years (31 children) are not uniform, also the list has not been validated. A large sample size would have yielded more reliable results. Thus further studies can be done on clinical validation of this vocabulary list with extended age group and more number of subjects. This list can be further adopted as a screening or diagnostic

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