• To explain the impacts societal pressure on vocational studies choice of Senegalese • To measure which variables is impacting the most vocational studies choice of Senegalese. 1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS Orientation is the key to success. This evidence is unfortunately not always well assimilated. The aim of the vocational guidance is to support and facilitate the vocational maturation, the educational and vocational choices of the learners, and their reorientation, whenever necessary, from the second year of the college and up to the" higher education ". However, it is neglected in Senegal, leaving young people to face social realities.
When the French first colonized Morocco, they divided the schools according to a class system. Children from well-off Arabic families were given access to better education because the French felt that these students would then go on to obtain better jobs within the French government in Morocco. This was referred to as a ‘new art’ of colonization, because instead of simply relying on slavery in order to pacify the masses, the French were attempting to educate them into submission and assimilation (Irbouh, 2005). However, this philosophy did not last long. It was deemed too expensive for the French to try and fully assimilate facets of Moroccan society.
• Vocationalization at higher level attracted mainly by the low economic growth as it is going to provide employment Current Scenario and key challenges: Skills in India are largely acquired through two main sources: formal training centres and the informal or hereditary mode of passing on cascading skill sets from one generation to the next. Nowadays, vocational courses are becoming quite popular among youth because it is believed that taking these courses would provide more and better employment opportunities than those provided by conventional academic courses. While there remains a requirement for skilled professionals in the industry, the supply for the same is hampered by: • High dropout rate at Secondary level: Vocational Education is presently offered at senior secondary level but the students at this level aspire for higher education. • At present, the vocational system put much emphasis on the academic skills, resulting in lower incidences of vertical mobility. • There is a lack of participation by private players in the field of vocational
In fact, the Moroccan government does its best to grant good quality education to its children. However, Morocco is still dealing with the colonial aftermath as far as education is concerned. Ness and Lin state that by 1860 Spain occupied the majority of the northern regions of Morocco and later on, France occupied the region from 1912 until Morocco gained independence in 1946. They add that although the Ministry of National Education has played a key role in the improvement of education, the country is still undergoing a process of transition from a colonial system to a postcolonial one (347). On the other hand, the history of the British educational system dates to the 7th century; the earliest schools were established by St Augustine and schools went through a wide range of changes throughout the history.
Language and Elitism One of the major ways to influence and change the Moroccan population was the language. Leila Abouzeid calls it “the most insidious wedge the colonialists have driven into our society” (Abouzeid, 2003). French was used both as a medium and as an objective – assumingly to provide Moroccans with more life opportunities. However, a person`s culture is always tightly connected with their mother tongue, therefore one cannot expect to introduce school education in a non-native tongue without encountering side effects such as identity crisis and self-defining issues. Sometimes French-educated Moroccans would use Arabic words, but still convey a French way of phrasing.
Introduction Vocational and technical education as an education to produce the students can learn a new skills and techniques when the students who are not good in academic and help them can find a job or career after their finish the training from vocational and technical institutes or colleges. Malaysia education department define “vocational education prepares students for career requiring expertise in a specific set of techniques. These careers range from technical or vocational skills like carpentry to positions in engineering and other occupations. In contrast to the technical stream which prepares students for further education, the vocation stream is more career oriented.”(Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025 Preliminary Report)
High schools should offer more vocational programs, classes, or curriculum as an option for students who are more interested in joining the workforce rather than having a strong academic foundation for college. Many students who go to college never actually get their degrees, thus this could lead to major problems such as the student having more trouble finding a job since they didn’t experience “hands on” vocational teachings. According to the video made by PBS Newshour, “Making the Grade Vocational Education”, it states, “Nearly 40% who go to 4 year colleges and some 70% of community will never get their degree.” Hearing this could
The expansion of technical and vocational education programmes have changed the economic and social needs of the country by providing training, jobs and basic necessities and improved the economic and sustainable development of the nation as a whole. Technical and vocational training programmes, provides adequate training services for individuals interested in learning skills and trades. These programmes give individuals, particularly the youths an opportunity to access training in any field of their choice. It helps persons to develop their own skills as well as learn new ones, without charge. This allows persons to improve their qualifications without putting their families on an economic
), The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature, p.408) Early Islamic Period The early Islamic poetry was slightly different from the pre-islamic poetry, not in the structure of the poem (qasidah), but in its purpose. During the early Islamic period, poetry was considered as one of the most important elements of advertising; therefore, poets used to avoid insulting Islam or any other religion because they were scared of the huge consequences that it may lead to. In addition to that, Muslim poets started to use their talent to invite people to join the religion by praising the prophet or by reciting a well organized poem describing how great the Islam is. Mecca and Medina were the center of the Arabic literature at that period; therefore, poetry written at that time was in Arabic and later on it was translated by other researchers. During that period, the Quran was revealed and it led to a huge shift in the Arabic literature.
Career guidance in the Philippines started as vocational guidance. In the early 1970s, people in education and training circles responded to questions raised about the difference between vocational guidance and vocational education. The distinction widely accepted at that time was that vocational education referred to post-secondary education focusing on skills acquisition for gainful employment. Vocational guidance was defined as the service given to students in choosing the most appropriate vocation, i.e. whether he/she should go to vocational education or to college, and if college, what course he/she should take.