Sinclair emphasizes that capitalism is detrimental to the working class, and he proposes that socialism is the solution to economic inequality and the lack of power among the working class. For example, he described “the tricks of the packers, their masters, the tyrants who ruled them… the irregular hours and the cruel speeding-up, the lowering of wages, the raising of prices! The whole machinery of society was at their oppressors’ command” (177). Sinclair depicted the factory owners in the novel as disgraceful rulers to reflect how capitalism allowed ruling class leaders to oppress workers. He also portrays the corrupt effects of capitalism on workers’ well-being, illustrating that “each day the struggle becomes fiercer, the pace more cruel; each day you have to toil a little harder and feel the iron hand of circumstance close upon you a little tighter” (298).
Fitzgerald reveals the idea of corruption in the American Dream through conditions such as wealth and materialism, power and social status, and relationships involving family and affairs. He uses examples of this corruption to show the reader that people are willing to lie, betray others, and commit crime to be able to live a ‘better and fuller’ life. The need for money and materialism throughout The Great Gatsby shows the decay of the American Dream.
This sociological study will analyze the problem of commodity fetishism in American consumer culture. Karl Marx’s theory of commodity fetishism is a major problem in the United States due to the inability of consumers to see the intrinsic value of a commodity. American consumer culture tends to become trapped in the “magical qualities” of a product, which makes them unable to understand the object as it was made by a laborer. This abstraction of the commodity is part of Marx’s analysis of capitalist products that is separated from the labor and become valuable objects in and of themselves. This is an important sociological perspective on commodities, which creates an irrational consumer culture in the American marketplace.
George Orwell’s depiction of Boxer in his novel, Animal Farm, fits precisely into Marx and Engels’ negative critique of capitalism by representing a strong symbol for the proletariat class and succumbing to the powerful demands of the capitalists. Marx and Engels look at capitalism with seriously negative opinions. They regard the system as extremely unsuitable, and are deeply concerned with getting rid of it. In a capitalist society, capitalists own and control the main resources of production - machinery, factories, mines, capital, etc. The modern working classes, or proletariats, own only their labor.
Many authors have applied lampooning in their work to bring to light certain issues by criticizing different ideas in society such as politics, class division, wealth, and marriage by adding irony, sarcasm, and ridicule to emphasize the ludicrousy of the issue the author evaluated. One author that incorporated lampooning in his plays was Oscar Wilde. For example, in The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde publicly criticized the Victorian society so that audience was conscious of the foolishness that occurred in their society. In The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde used irony and satire to ridicule the views of the upper class, such as their obsession with wealth, their shallow, and materialistic personality. One of the many issues Oscar
Playwright, William Shakespeare, in his drama, Macbeth, warns about the dangers of how ambition can lead to devastation. His purpose is to demonstrate how greed can drive a person to abandon their morals, and he adopts an unhinged tone in order to affectively shock his audience to its severity. Throughout the play, Shakespeare uses apostrophe, symbolism, and foreshadowing to show that desire for power can lead one’s own destruction. Throughout the drama, Shakespeare uses apostrophe as a way to communicate a character’s emotions to the reader; he does this with Macbeth as well as Lady Macbeth, and while both instances portray how desire for power can lead to the loss of a person’s integrity, it is during Macbeth’s monologue that the reader is able to understand the internal conflict that takes place in a struggle for power. After realizing the severity his plan to succeed the throne, Macbeth reveals his hesitancy towards killing King Duncan, and it is at that moment that he calls out to a “dagger of the mind” which symbolizes his guilt and temptation to carry out the evil deed (2.
“Capitalism is an economic system where private entities own the factors of production”, says Amadeo. The book explains how capitalism is awful and how it affects the characters life and setting. Upton Sinclair is constantly reminding the readers that the unfair working conditions are due to a corrupt government. The Jungle is mainly about how capitalism has failed and how businesses have corrupted. Based on the book and how capitalism is portrayed, there are many examples to support the reasons why capitalism is corrupt.
In conclusion, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest is “a powerful critique of American society and of the function of madness in that society” and it accurately portrays the Civil Rights Movement and the movement towards deinstitutionalization experienced during the publication of Ken Kesey’s novel and by Ken Kesey himself (Vitkus, 65). The recurring theme of repressive vs rebellious wills illustrate the need to resist oppressive institutions of society so that humanity will not fall as victims to society 's ever changing economy. This novel focuses on the concept of American Capitalism and how defining a person as crazy because they are different or refuse to conform to society 's obligations is deemed immoral; therefore, through the novel,
In literature, the element of satire is employed to illustrate or exploit the corruption of a society by means of exaggeration, black humor, highbrow wit, or mockery. The writer's intent is to make permanent change for a problem or fight a cause in a society that otherwise looks away in ignorance. In "A Modest Proposal," Jonathan Swift spins a web of masterful satire to propose a grisly solution to the problem of poverty, which mocks the folly of the 18th century socially elite and puts the blame on the greed of the wealthy for the sickly state of the nation. The Restoration and the 18th century for the British was a time of great commercial and economic prosperity, and the Anglican Church remained closely tied with the governmental power
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth were once noble people, but when exposed to the possibility of power and control, they turn corrupt, allowing their sinister thoughts to consume them. By portraying Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s loss of moral discipline, Shakespeare accentuates the calamitous corruption of human nature, and warns society that ambition without
As the country undergoes capitalism, class division is inevitable, leading to the takeover of semifeudal and monarchy over the feudal class. It ends the “feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations”. Moreover, the bourgeoisie development also distorts the holy religious aspect to a selfish individual calculation, which is all about making benefits for oneself. Even the tight family relationship is also degraded to a mere “money relation”. Everything is for the purpose of monetary benefit of society and individuals.
In his novel Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck outlines many corrupt societal structures intended to exploit and demean individuals based on their perceived value: the inherent exploitative nature of the American Dream, the hierarchy of power in America based on an individual 's ability to work, and the way in which oppressive systems are maintained through a mis-projection of anger of the oppressed. The idea of the ‘American Dream’ motivates workers without giving them any actual gratification; individuals are led to believe that success is inevitable and thus abstain from carrying out the necessary work to achieve their long term goals, preventing lower class individuals from entering positions of power. The American Dream is the concept that
The theme is one of sarcasm and parody, most prominently against the practice of writing political pamphlets and the concept of economic utilitarianism. Utilitarianism had begun to take off as an ethical philosophy in England at that time. Utilitarianism is the idea that an ethical action is one that creates the most happiness or pleasure for the most number of people. It is obvious implications for social and economic policy, which was of course bad for the English self-image since England was an Industrial Revolution era colonial state and colonialism is by its very nature an act and system of violence by which one country forcibly imposes its will on another. Coercion is intrinsically harmful, either on the personal scale or the societal scale, meaning that accepting utilitarianism as a concept meant that English people had to construct theories and rationalizations for why their country was not an actively harmful force in