Pride, greed, and lust drove Iago to poisoning Desdemona 's father and eventually ruining the marriage between Desdemona and Othello. In his play, he approach the problems the world faces in a comedic manner. People let greed and lust persuade them to do crazy things. Othello and Iago are foil characters in Othello. Iago let his vengeful ways and deceitful motives alter his decisions while Othello appears in the opening acts as the very personification of self control”(Harbage).
Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice. Petals of Blood revolve around ruthless capitalist and deals with issues like land, history, education and exploitation. Religion in both novels is used as a tool to enslave the mind and soul of natives. Ngugi in his works like The Trial of Dedan Kimathi, Petals of Blood, Detained and Matigari has focused on the plights of the oppressed because it is the fiction that could rouse the consciousness of the masses. Ngugi works for the change in society that kind of society which promotes unequal social order.
In Oliver Twist, author Charles Dickens attacks the decomposing morals of Victorian society and law in the form of writing. He addresses major social conflicts and struggles between the rich, who hold positions of power, and the poor and working class who fight for economic justice. In addition, the book is representative of the need for moral values based on the author’s believe that people should not be oppressed, that every person deserves a chance. The story offers a contradiction central to bourgeois consciousness, which embraces conventional bourgeois ethics and demoralizes and suppresses the awareness of the harsh social realities. Dickens creates, rather illuminates, a society in which conflicting morals between the society and social reality in relation to poverty, childhood innocence, as well as, the transcendental moral values which that innocence embodies are rampant, slowly destroying the foundations of Victorian England.
Society is constantly under the criticism of authors. Many writers seek to expose certain aspects of American society and their scorn of it. Edith Wharton and F. Scott Fitzgerald are renowned for their work on this subject. In The Great Gatsby and The Age of Innocence, Fitzgerald and Wharton reveal their cynicism of the societal elite; they find the elite as a severe detriment to American society. Through symbolism and the characterization of their main characters, Wharton and Fitzgerald similarly depict the societal elite as depriving American society from a promising future by refusing to let go of the past.
Anxiety can be assumed one of the institutive mechanisms of neoliberalism. In the lights of that, Jean and John Comaroff evaluate production and accumulation processes in terms of how symbols and meanings are interpreted. The changes in the process of production affected people so that they manage their social and economic life in terms of their interpretation of neoliberal forces. They used millennial capitalism so that they tried to show the results of it. “To the degree that millennial capitalism fuses the modern and the postmodern, hope and hopelessness, utility and futility, the world created in its image presents itself as a mass of contradictions: as a world, simultaneously, of possibility and impossibility (Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff,
The union man’s speech is ambivalent: it is boiling and common rhetoric, its comic bombast bathetic and ripe for our scorn. On the other hand Slackbridge tells some truth about the plight of workers in the industrial north in the nineteenth century. As Raymond Williams said, these are in Hard Times two “incompatible ideological positions”: one “that environment influences and in some sense determines character” and, second, that “some virtues and vices are original and both triumph over and in some cases can change any environment”
Lord Acton, an English politician and writer, said,”All power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.” What Acton was really trying to say was, a persons sense of morality lessens as his/her power increases. This contention, “All power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely,” has been seen in, current events (Saddam Hussein), literature (Lord of the Flies), historic situations (Mao Zedong), and is true when one leader or person is given an excessive or absolute amount
Thus, Greene 's criticism of his fellow play-writers tells a lot about the social circumstances which drove 16th century writers to write for the stage. It also expresses his view that for a great writer, the theater is a compromise, and a dangerous one at that. Actors and theater owners exploit his genius to make profits while he himself becomes debauched by the company he keeps, and writes blasphemous and sinful works which distance him from God 's mercy. A seemingly opposite view of the theater is presented in Thomas Nashe 's Pierce Penniless, his supplication to the Divell. Interestingly, the hero of this tale is once again a scholar who is frustrated by his economic situation and envious of those who are more prosperous, albeit inferior to him in his own eyes.
On the other hand, the slave morality was a reaction to the dominant noble morality, where it denounces its oppressors as “evil” and then declares oneself as well based on the choice of punishment taken (Nietzsche, 1994, p. 12-15). The slave morality led to qualities like altruism, selflessness, and duty. The reaction is attributed towards negative feelings like resentment, hatred, and introspection which creates a moral framework that is not in touch with itself (Nietzsche, 1994, p. 12-25). Moreover, through violence slave morality defeated noble morality and replaced them, for instance, the French revolution. Therefore, Nietzsche disagrees with Kant on categorical imperative and considers it cruel because it is a projection of
The Prince, as well as the Leviathan, provides an explanation of the negative traits of human behavior that lead to the destructions. However, even though the two authors agree concerning the idea that the human nature exposes negative impact on the governance and political will, their approaches to the examination of the human nature differ. The Prince by Machiavelli provides the human traits as those that are related to the rulers. A contrasting perception of the same problem is developed in Leviathan where Thomas Hobbes reflects on human nature aiming at the self-preservation of an individual and depicting the society as a place of endless war. With regard to this, pursuing the self-interests in the case of Hobbes could take any form and use any means.