Voltaire's Candide Argument

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Voltaire 's Candide: "All is not for the best."


Voltaire (real name Francois-Marie Arouet), was born in 1694 to a middle class Parisian family. He first studied law to fulfil his father 's wish, but later became a well-known writer and philosopher. He lived most of his life in exile, because of his satirical tales that attack the French State, the Catholic Church, the aristocracy, and the military. For instance, the Grand Inquisitor; the Bulgarian Captain; and the arrogant Young Baron all represent the absurdity of that time. He was one of the fundamental writers who supported the "Enlighment" movement in the 18th century. Voltaire attacked the idea of "Optimism" particularly Leibniz and Pope 's views of Optimism. The philosophy states that God exists and since God is perfect then the world must be perfect also (the best of all possible worlds). In this novella, Candide, an innocent person, who believed that 'all is for the best ', as taught by his tutor and philosopher Pangloss, realised; in contrast; to what his tutor taught him that all is not well . He was dismissed from the castle of Westphallia, by Cunegonde 's father (the Barron). Since then, he started a long journey to search for Cunegonde, whom he loved deeply. Throughout his journey, he faced lots of misery; misfortune, despair and endless sorrow. These events were exaggerated in order to criticize the common beliefs of the 18th century, such as: religion, optimism, human lack of
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