Voltaire's Optimism In Candide

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the enlightenment age of 18 century caused a philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 18th century . and the main goals of this enlightenment were liberty , reason ,progress , tolerance and ending the abuses of the church . so this philosophical movement was led by Francois Marie known as Voltaire who is a French critic and his life was so controversial , he born to a rich family and he gave up his law studies to continue writing , also he was imprisoned for a year for writing a stair against the regent and then he fled to England where he befriended king George . he live in exile till 1740 when he became a major figure and member of the academic francaise , after his return to France…show more content…
pangloss Follow the pop’s and Leibniz’s philosophy of optimism ,and the thin optimism expressed in pop’s essay on man lines . Leibniz’s ideas are repeatedly by Candide’s tutor that shown up as preposterous but Candide attacks this philosophy and he used mocking in his writer ,a technique which Voltaire adept , an example about how Voltaire revealing the limitation of pangloss’s ,pop’s and Leibniz’s philosophy of optimism it was during the dinner after the earthquake when he say “'This is all for the best ... For if there is a volcano beneath Lisbon, then it cannot be anywhere else; for it is impossible for things to be elsewhere than where they are. For all is well” and Despite the damage caused by the earthquake ,which caused the death of over100,000 and destroyed most of the city’s ,pangloss keeping and repeating pop’s and Leibniz’s doctrine of optimism . and Voltaire attacks them because their style of writing such as an assault on self-deluding…show more content…
also the researchers showed that, the man is naturally corrupt and this world is full of mistakes and evil things. As Voltaire showed the suffering of women and injustice suffered by Highlights the women's rights through the female characters in this story , As these figures provide the suffering and injustice of women they suffered but in comic manner . He has follow a new approach to expose deception and hypocrisy of human beings by giving the voice to the female characters. The first character was Candide’s lover Cunegonde where she Talking about her journey with all honesty in Lisbon which gives Voltaire a opportunity to film the injustices meted out in this tradition catholic society on women ,however her narrative involves journey’s beginning in Westphalia where the assault on baron’s castle . she recounts her story with all honesty after she managed to escape from the Bulgar soldier who wanted to rape her. And her honesty is directly to Voltaire’s philosophy target but indirect contrast with doctor ralph
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