“It assumes that individual behavior is motivated by self-interest, utility maximization, or, more simply put, goal fulfillment.”(Petracca, 1991) According to this approach to politics, actors know what they want and they organize themselves to reach their objectives they and by ordering them in a transitive way. People have to evaluate what means to use to achieve their aims and this isn’t always an easy decision, but they do their best to chose the right instruments. The difficulty lies in the fact that the actions of one actor and his outcomes are correlated with the action of the others. So people must establish an equilibrium between their wills and the individual will select the best equilibrium actually available, keeping in mind others’ choices. (Riker, 1995) The paradox of voter turnout lies in the fact that, people, as rational actors, shouldn’t go to the polls, because the possibilities that their vote could be influential and decisive are nearly zero and the benefits do not help the individual but society as a whole.
The current mindset is that voting is a right but since someone else is in charge "aka" the electoral college,this vote is basically worthless. Culture is a definitive factor of voter turnout due to the fact that in many communities, they are discouraged to vote especially in the minority community.The way the society perceives voting affects voting not just at the moment but in future generations too as for the ideas are passed on from child to child. I is also an institutional issue because the nation as a whole isn't promoting the right to vote and why its necessary to the communities with the lowest voting rates. A proposed idea to increase the voter turn out is to make people acknowledge,voting is a civic right. We as a society must advocate the importance of voting for progress at an early childhood.
Personally, my family, my age, the media, and my education is what has been the most influential when it comes comes to political socialization. My families views on on government are extremely different on both sides because they are both unwilling to listen to the opposing argument. This has to do with mass media, the mirroring of public opinions on certain people that shape their opinion. My age has affected my views because of the the things that have been going on around me, for example the parkland shooting was not a personal experience but it could happen to anyone. I believe that it is sad that no one has taken legislative action which leads me to have a mistrust in the branches and how they function.
The Awareness to Vote and The Convenience of Election System Raise the Voter Turnout Rate In the 1800s, the issue of voting rights in the United States refers to the disenfranchisement of different groups which contested throughout United States history. The voting rights were limited in accordance to the race, gender, language, and social status of a person. Minor groups were the main subjects to the issue, such as; African Americans, Latino, and women. Since the late 1900s, people have started to do a reformation in civil rights through protests and diplomatic actions in order to be able to deserve their rights to vote regardless their races, gender, and social status. The reconstruction of civil rights movement in acquiring the voting
An examination of the voter turnout percentages of the U.S. presidential election demonstrates how the voter percentage was once around 80%, but has dropped to around 60% within the last century. (Appendix A). An examination of voter turnout by age demonstrates how the younger an individual is, the less likely they are to vote (Appendix B). According to the Center for Voting and Democracy, the voter turnout rate are affected by four main factors: demographics, voting laws, election types, and electoral representatives. Demographics is the most important.
Moreover, people who have strong political interest are more affected by debates and their impression after the debates depend on their beliefs and political preferences. It is also necessary to admit that political interests and opinions define the quality of debates, and people should demonstrate and use them in a proper way The given study helps to realize some important facts connected with the issue of debates. It is possible to say that policy nowadays is a kind of activity which influences the life of people greatly. Moreover, presidency is the most influential office in the USA and candidates who want to become the President devote much time and efforts to presidential debates trying to influence people's opinion. Additionally, it becomes obvious that motivation is very important factor in elections and this kind of debates.
They claimed that exerting indirect influence was not only time-consuming but also ineffective in enacting social reforms. With the vote, suffragists argued, it would be easier for women to oppose corrupt government practices and win social reforms (Kauffman). Women began to argue that with the opinion of women throughout the country, the government would advance. Men and women have a difference in opinion so having both involved in the government they could avoid future corruption and bad decision making. Women have a lot of different qualities than men so adding those to the government system would help the
The piece by Fiorina studied the relationship between presidential and congressional vote shares and the perceived economic conditions of voters. In his piece, Fiorina aimed to answer the following question: do citizens vote for or against the incumbent president’s party as a function of their personal economic condition? He evaluated the answer to this question by reviewing election survey responses conducted by the University of Michigan concerning the presidential elections between 1956 and 1974. He found that found that there is probably some support for economic retrospective voting in presidential elections, but little to no support in congressional elections. However, Fiorina cautions the reader from dismissing the idea that retrospective voting is a major factor in congressional elections because there are “other issues in the world besides the economy” and “voters might be “reacting to these when they cast their congressional vote” (Fiorina, 440).
Social class and electoral behavior introduction the electoral behavior , in other words can be known as voting , which is a word defined by the Merriam-webster dictionary as “ an expression of opinion or preference” . Considering everything about the one’s country are decided by elections , thus that shows how voting and participating in the elections is very important and that’s why the electoral behavior is a critical issue that has been studies over decades along with studying the factors and the attributes that do affect it . And one major factor here is the socioeconomic status Literature review socioeconomic status is various levels through which we can differentiate between society members and that’s through different contributes like household income, education , economic and social position , and the socioeconomic status has a direct relationship with voting registration and turnout . For example : Individuals of a lower socioeconomic status tend to vote
The researchers concluded that larger movements had more impact in policymaking than smaller movements, with only 12.5% of the popular movements having “weak or no influence” (Amenta et. al). This evidence suggests that public opinion, coupled with social movements and groups, can influence policymaking to a large extent in the United