Statistics from 2016 show that the ‘frequency of hate crimes in America are increasing as the frequency of regular crimes in America are decreasing’ (FBI 1). In this day and age minority groups are starting to become the target of the people who commit these crimes. Consequently the main minority groups such as (Asians, Hispanics, African Americans, Jewish people, LGBT, and others) have been pushing to have hate crime laws passed in order to protect them and others from violence. These laws that are specifically for this issue are
One of the biggest issues with America’s prison system is overcrowding. Overcrowding affects the cost of incarceration and the mentality of prisoners. However, the issue has yet to be seriously addressed. In fact, many politicians claim that mass incarceration has led to a dramatic decline in crime, citing statistics from the 1990s, when crime rates fell by almost 40 percent.
“The number of teenagers under eighteen arrested for murder has risen over one hundred fifty percent from 1985 to 1994. Id. This is a disturbing trend, especially in light of the fact that Justice Department surveys consistently show that less than half of all crime, including crimes of violence, is reported to the police.” ("102. Juvenile Crime Facts.") These statistics are alarming and it makes a big issue for our society.
Although the Miranda Rights have helped many people throughout their cases, it has also hurt the police departments all across America. After the Miranda Rights were enforced to be used after arresting, the number of confessions from suspects fell sixteen percentage points. It also affected the number of cases solved because the suspects no longer confessed about the wrong they did so there were large number of cases that never gotten solved. Many crimes were let unsolved and they dramatically fell in numbers like the cases of violent crimes solved dropped 25% and property crimes solved fell as well. To put the numbers in perspective , if the Miranda rights weren 't put into place between 8,000 to 36,000, or more robberies would have been solved in 1995 according to Paul Cassell, that 's a lot of robberies that could have been
Black lives have been taken away from officers for nearly 2 decades the reason why is still unknown. The” movement” is a great way to raise awareness to what the media is blind to admit that police brutality, cruelty and unjustified killings. Black lives matter also raises bails for wrongfully convicted black people. The fact that the media is just know realizing is just absurd. Police have killed 780 people in the year of 2016 alone.
(Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau
“ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years. ” Most of the people in the world are in jail. Therefore , incarceration is not lowering due to people being imprisoned on a daily basis. Half of the people in the world commit very bad crimes , which lead them to be imprisoned.
Many drug offenders are often forced into the drug business because of economic reasons, resulting from the increased difficulty of finding jobs after prison, due to the felony that is attached to their name. Employers are often discouraged from hiring a person that has committed a felony, because of the uncertainty in their behavior. A study done by the Urban Institute, found that only 45% of all Americans that had been to prison, had a job within a year of being released. It was even lower for drug offenders, as only 25% of all drug offenders in the United States were able to find a job once released (McVay). It’s hard enough finding a well paying job because of the current state of the economy in the United States.
Gun violence in America has been alarmingly increasing since the 90s and has continued throughout the years. Although guns may save lives, evidence shows that most guns in America are stolen from other thieves and misused. Due to lack of gun control found in nearly fifty percent of the states, guns are mostly misused for other reasons. Since 2012, there have been gun sales spiking across the U.S. Every year, America’s minimum increase in gun sales is five percent. The American government should raise gun laws to reduce gun violence, which leads to death.
When they realized, the promises made to them as far as them working and their living situations improving was not happening like promised, they began moving into the white communities. Which would intelled more competition in the workforce. This outraged the whites and they reunited the Klu Klux Klan to begin violent acts towards the blacks. In 1918 there were a total of 64 lynchings and in 1919 there were a total of 83 lynchings.(www.history.com and
In America currently there are about 2.3 million people that are incarcerated. The U.S. accounts for only 5 percent of the entire world’s population yet it holds around 25 percent of those people as the world’s prisoners. That is an astonishing number. Crime rates have grown over the years and don’t seem to be slowing down very much. This alone is a big cause to the debt in America as money gets poured into these prisons in order to maintain them; it is a nightmare.
In 2010 prisons were over with about 2.2 million incarcerated Americans, on average every prison was over capacity by 14 percent, there are even some prisons that were over capacity by 34 percent. Annually the government spends roughly 60 million dollars on the correctional system and with the rise of amount if people being incarcerated that number will also greatly rise, thus depleting our budgets as well as our society as a whole (English, 2010). Prison philosophy is of prevention, deterrence and retribution, however according to Gudaris “the rehabilitative effect of long term incarceration appears to be negligible. Most imprisoned individuals will be released at some point and will reoffend” (Gudaris, 2013). Many criminals and gangs use prisons as a headquarters to recruit new members and run operations for their personal benefits.
Communities of color were targeted for crimes and given larger prison sentences than their white counterparts. In the Rockefeller Drug Reform of 2009, the racial disparities significantly decreased in the early periods following the reform (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone, 2015). Black and Hispanic individuals, in 2008 were three-times more likely than whites to receive a prison sentence; by 2010, black and Hispanic individuals were only twice as likely to be charged than whites. Although this is still an issue that needs to be addressed, it is a significant accomplishment compared to previous years. There is still said to be harmful biases in the criminal justice system (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone,
Felony voting: Unjust or rightful justice As of 2008 over 5.3 million Americans were denied the right to vote due to felony disenfranchisement laws. The United states is among the most punitive nations in the world when it comes to denying the right to vote and this has consequently caused voting rights to be a controversial issue for years now. Disenfranchisement can be linked back to centuries ago, in western countries, felony disenfranchisement can be traced back to ancient greek and roman traditions and was commonly used as a part of the punishment that was put on those convicted of “infamous” crimes and was a part of their civil deaths. Although, many people like myself believe that the limits that are being put on felons
Is it right for an individual who has committed a violent crime to be able participate in voting? A felon should not have the right to vote because, they have displayed dishonesty and irresponsibility by committing a serious crime. Felons have questionable judgment when making decisions. Felons who are still incarcerated are not in the right mindset to make decisions for the public’s good interest. Further, there is no way of telling whether the felon has in fact improved in character since serving time.