King didn’t deserve to be killed was because he was trying to end segregation. The Rosa Parks event encouraged him to do a 381 day bus boycott. This bus boycott lasted until congress made it unconstitutional for integrated busses. Dr. King was the leader of the Montgomery Improvement Association which was an association that fought for equality for African Americans. One of Dr. King’s most famous march was the march on Selma.
There was a time in America where a simple right such as voting was prohibited to some because of their race. In the Jim Crow south black codes were in place so that blacks couldn’t vote because they didn’t own land or they couldn’t pass the literacy test. There were civilians who tried to take the law into their own hands such as the KKK who would burn crosses in yards, incite riots and lynch African Americans for word of mouth crimes. They took the law into their own hands with hatred towards another race. After the election of Donald Trump this type of organization came about again, this time in search for equality and inclusion.
The government levied a new poll tax they couldn 't afford and this meant they couldn 't vote anymore. The 'grandfather clause ' was introduced, it stated that any person whose grandfather was a slave didn 't have the right to vote. Through a literacy test they requested that uneducated slaves could vote. "Black codes" were introduced to forbid to black people the right to own a gun. A terrible racist society, called the Ku Klux Klan, was created in 1865 to prevent black people from gaining rights.
"And then, from roughly 1890-1908, southern states implemented de juire, or legal, disenfranchisement. They placed laws requiring voters to pass literacy tests (which could be judged arbitrarily) and pay poll taxes (which hit poor whites and poor blacks alike), effectively denying black men the franchise that was supposed to have been guaranteed by the 15th amendment"(page 4, reading #3). Since many blacks were poor and uneducated, the government used methods such as literacy tests and poll taxes to ensure that blacks would not be able to vote. Literacy tests were usually unnecessarily long and if a voter answered one question wrong, their entire participation in the election process was taken away. Blacks didn 't receive the best education, some received no education at all, making them more likely to not pass the test taking away their privilege to vote.
African Americans had a hard time in the South between 1955 to 1968. The civil rights movement was a non-violent protest to renew black rights. Great Leaders fought in peace with people without using their fists. History.com states, “Nearly 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans in Southern states still inhabited a starkly unequal world of disenfranchisement, segregation and various forms of oppression, including race-inspired violence.” First, racial segregation in the South made it hard for African Americans to live and or do much of anything in white communities. In 1955 racial segregation continued in the Southern region of America.
This lead to black codes which were laws passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 in the United States after the American civil war with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans’ freedom ,and of compelling them to work in the labor economy based on low wages or debts.On February 3, 1870 the 15th Amendment granted African Americans the right to vote. Blacks were scared of the Ku Klux Klan, which used violence, such as lynchings to scare African Americans from voting. This was a hate group in the southern U.S. who was active for several years after the civil war, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of black people and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent
After the 15th Amendment stated that the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, southern state governments began to require black citizens to pay voting taxes, pass literacy tests and endure many other unfair restrictions on their right to vote. In response to their rights being infringed upon, several groups led marches to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the mistreatment that they have had to endure. Six hundred marchers assembled in Selma on Sunday, March 7, and were met by Alabama State troopers who promptly ordered them to turn around. When the marchers refused, the officers shot teargas into the crowd and beat the nonviolent protestors; hospitalizing over fifty people. This event was televised all over the world and it disgusted the viewers who witnessed the horrific police brutality.
According to Voter Institute, Americans are more likely to be struck by lightning than to fall victim to voter fraud. However, states consistently cite this problem to justify strict voter identification laws, a popular form of voter discrimination today. It is for this reason that the Voting Rights Act was enacted in 1965 to prevent the disenfranchisement of minority voters. However, in June 2013, the Supreme Court case, Shelby County v. Holder, deemed Section 4(b) of the act, the list of states subjected to preclearance, unconstitutional. Critics argue that the Section 4 states no longer displayed the same amount of blatant discrimination compared to the past rates which had warranted the burdens of preclearance.
On March 15th, 1965, Lyndon B. Johnson gave an incredible speech regarding African American rights and voting legislation. He addressed the nation shortly after the disaster of “Bloody Sunday” in Alabama. “Bloody Sunday” was when Alabama State Troopers brutally attacked Civil Rights activists during their march from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama. This march was to get the African Americans the voting rights they deserved. When President Johnson gave the speech We Shall Overcome it became remembered as a historical and significant speech.
Black Power Huey Newton, cofounder of the Black Panthers, once said, “Black Power is giving power to people who have not had power to determine their destiny.” Due to the mistreatment of African Americans a speech was given and a phrase was coined that raised awareness of the struggles of the Civil Rights Movement. Stokely Carmichael was one of many who were leaders in the Civil Rights Movement. In fact, Stokely Carmichael was chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). The SNCC was formed to give younger blacks more of a voice in the Civil Rights Movement. During the March Against Fear, James Meredith was shot on June 5th, 1966.