Disenfranchisement was a system that took the vote away from blacks resulting in taking away a black man 's political power. White political leaders initially used this as a way to take the vote away from African Americans without seeming to violate the fifteenth amendment. 95 percent of blacks were forced to be excluded from the ability to participate in many political elections and conventions. In reading #3 on page 4, the writer explains some key aspects pertaining to the use of disenfranchisement. "And then, from roughly 1890-1908, southern states implemented de juire, or legal, disenfranchisement.
Many leaders from within the African American community and beyond rose to prominence during the Civil Rights era, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Andrew Goodman and others. They risked—and sometimes lost—their lives in the name of freedom and equality (“Civil Rights Movement”). On April 3, 1964, Malcolm X delivered his speech “The Ballot or the Bullet” in regards to black nationalism during the current election year. “At the time, blacks did not have much say in who they wanted to elect. The white politicians would come into black neighborhoods and push press, and force it upon blacks to put them in office,” (“A Rhetorical Analysis of "The Ballot or the Bullet" speech by Malcolm X”).
After the civil war, the question of “what’s next” was the main focus throughout politics, the government and the country. Abraham Lincoln was president during that time and he had a plan for reconstruction he hoped would bring the nation back together quickly and easily without too many harsh punishments or difficulties. Unfortunately, after Lincoln was murdered, his Vice President, Andrew Johnson had a plan for reconstruction that was different than Lincoln’s and many disagreed with Johnson’s views and ideas. Radical Republicans, were a large majority of the people who did not like Johnson the most, and so they came up with a reconstruction plan of their own as well, however only one was put into place and it changed the future of the United States forever. President Lincoln developed a reconstruction plan called the “Ten Percent Plan”.
Johnson states in his address that when we deny equality and freedom to an American citizen, we are completely disregarding the equality and freedom that so many Americans had died for in the past. The United States Constitution is built on the principle that this country was born for the equal opportunity and advantages of all people. When I was reading President Johnson’s speech, a topic that came of interest to me was the Voting Rights Act that he was presenting in his speech. Johnson presented this bill to Congress in 1965, as a result of the Salma uproar, and on August 6, 1965, the bill was approved by Congress. This bill gave southern blacks the right to vote in poll taxes, literacy tests, and various other practices that were once denied to them.
Since Abraham’s knowledge on slavery was very strong, he joined the Republican Party two years later. A year later, the Supreme Court supplied decisions made from Scott v. Sanford, announcing African Americans were not real citizens and hadn’t any rights given to them. Abraham had the strong feeling that African Americans weren’t as equal to whites, he also had the feeling that the founders stated that all men were put on this earth with specific rights. Lincoln being as confident as he is, took on U.S. Senator Stephen Douglas to take his spot in office.
Even in 1890 16 black members of a council apart of the Louisiana General Assembly, came together and passed a law to prevent black and white people from riding together on railroads(A Brief History). Most of the blacks were scared of the whites not knowing who was going to lie to the mobs or police to have them get in trouble. Because of this the blacks would take the jim crow laws and would make parts of it actual laws so they could be seperated. Even in a trial to end the lynching blacks went and voted to be lynched so they wouldn't have to live in this life on the edge not knowing what could happen(Ku Klux Klan History) With over the 3,400 lynchings at least 300 of those lynchings were whites only. The KKK (the second version of the klan) would go after whites if they were defending the blacks or even if they aren't following their religion to a perfect replica(Lynching
They say without this right people can or will be easily ignored or the worst part abused by their own government and this is what exactly happened to African American citizens that were left living in the South following Civil War Reconstruction Era. Clearly despite the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth amendments that guaranteed the civil rights of African Americans to their right to vote was thoroughly taken away from them by white racist state governments. If a African American citizen was even attempting to exercise his or her right to vote they would often be threatened with losing their job, threats of being abused and actually being verbally abused from a white’s and the white voting clerks which also helped prevented black Southerners from voting out of fear. For those who were not afraid to lose their job or other things all other things that racist white did to them failed, it lead to maybe mob violence and even lynching among other things ended up keeping blacks people away from the voting ballot boxes. Since they did not have the power of the ballot the African Americans in the South had little to no type of influence in their communities.
Their audience were those who agreed with emancipation, and more specifically blacks who had just been free. Clearly from the image described, those two groups didn’t see blacks as their equals and despised them. Their purpose in creating this image was to install fear in blacks to keep them from voting and believing that they are equal to those in the ex-confederacy. The kkk had been using terror tactics all throughout the Reconstruction era because they didn’t want blacks to vote or participate in their politics the kkk wanted to keep white supremacy. For a while the South had enacted black codes which replaced the slave codes.
In the beginning of the speech, King goes back to the Constitution and Declaration of Independence stating that ”....all men, black or white, were to be granted the same rights” (Declaration of Independence). King goes on to explain how this right has not been kept, making it appear to be similar to a laid-back rule. Ethically most people believe that it is necessary to keep a promise. Therefore this makes people see racism in a whole new light; racism has not been justified because the United States have failed to uphold their promises. Kings goes on to say how racial equality can not be achieved until “...justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream” (King).
What was happening in Mississippi when the civil rights Movement was ending was that a part was formed called the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. There goal was to let the colored to vote for once and all not just 5% but an 100%, The congress in 1965 passed the law that the colored could register to vote without reading or writing. John F. Kennedy made a change of law which stopped segregation within public places.With this law passed the whites still made it hard for the colored to register to vote. The MFDP in nineteen sixty four was also challenging the white congress because since there was no one colored. They elected their own group of party to run because again there was no one to stand up for the colored society and have equal justice.
The reason the Civil Rights was even started was because the blacks was not getting equally rights and getting denied to vote. Was Politics the reason that L.B.J. signed the Civil Rights In 1964? First, Johnson wanted people to be treated the same. Lyndon taught at Welhausen Elementary School, Cotulla, Texas, May 7, 1929.
The 14th amendment completely rewrites the whole constitution and deems the slaves as full citizens of the United States. This amendment also undoes the ruling of the Dred Scott case which states that no black man has any rights that any white man should recognize. Even with this amendment being passed only two states explicitly allowed black men to vote, Tennessee and Iowa. Eventually because many white men began to find loop holes in letting the black men vote the 15th amendment was passed. The new 15th amendment states a list of reasons that a state cannot allow an individual to vote.
In 1965, the Voting Rights Act was passed by the 36th President of the United States - Lyndon Johnson. This act broke down prejudices against low-income people, people of color and people with disabilities. In a recent op-ed piece President Obama showed admiration to Civil-Rights leaders like:Jimmie Lee Jackson, John Lewis, and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr by writing "we owe them a great debt". Although the President wrote the Voting Rights Act started an "era of progress" with its enactment, he argued the fact that it needs to be updated. He sighted the recent court cases which upheld new voting laws that are seen as hindering minorities voting rights, and the 2013 Supreme Court decision that invalidated parts of the Voting Rights Act.
On August 6, 1965, President Lyndon Johnson signed the 15th amendment. Before this law was signed, African Americans in the South had trouble voting mostly because of discrimination. In result, they had little say in government. The 15th amendment, also known as the Voting Rights Act of 1965 said that African American men had the right to vote. It said that all citizens had the right to vote no matter what