The fleet crossed the Atlantic and finally arrived at “Strait of Magellan” by October 1520. There is the point were two vast oceans encounter, so conditions to sail are devastating, resulting in one month of the voyage dedicated only to trespass the passage. Magellan and his men arrived at Guam in March 1521. This wasn´t easy. During the way, one of the ship masters abandoned the mission eventually returning to Spain while another ship wrecked.
As the harbour city of Antwerp was occupied by the Spanish during the war all the protestant merchants and nautical scientists/engineers fled to Amsterdam. This made Amsterdam the centre of information and expertise on modern trading methods. As the Dutch Republic was well-developed on shipping and shipbuilding for that period in time it didn’t take long before the first attempts were taken to find the sea route to South-East Asia. The first expeditions were done by relatively smaller enterprises which succeeded to reach the Asian continent, but didn’t get enough goods to cover more than the costs of the trip (25-27). As the competition arose between the Dutch trade enterprises, but also from for example from the national British trade enterprise, the Dutch Republic tried in 1598 to merge the Dutch traders.
They began their operation by setting up factories and trading ports within the region to ease the circulation of goods. In 1602, the British set up a trading post in Banten which became the center of exchange for goods from the Spice Islands. Nevertheless, the British trade in Banten encountered various contestations starting from other European rivals who had previously established their control there to the limited English goods that could be received for barter with the local merchants in Banten. With these disadvantages, the presence of British in Banten was under increasing pressure and threats, especially when the rivalries between the British East India Company (EIC) and the Dutch East India Company (VOC) to gain trade monopoly in Banten culminated in wars. As involvement and sustenance of wars required a large amount of material and human resources, the benefits of trade in the Spice Islands were deemed to be undermined by all the expenditures and risks that had to be borne by the British.
At times, 80-90% of the whole catch may be non-commercial fish, that are killed and thrown back into the ocean, mainly dead. This happens because some fishermen are careless, and do not know where the fish they are meant to catch, causing them to catch fish that are not commercial. Others may think that if the fish is not a “food fish” then it is released back into the ocean, and it will live. This is not true because by the time the fishermen get around to collecting the fish they want, most of the fish are already dead. They may throw back a few fish, but those will most likely die, or become quick food for a predator.
In many cases, the animals become blind due to repeated exposure to the oil. If oil residue persists on a beach for long periods of time, other animals, such as snails, clams, and smaller creatures may suffer. Large numbers of oceanic species struggle with facing these complications. Cleaning these large amounts of oil can take anywhere between weeks to
Although buying and selling public offices was prevalent in the past and also easy to find in other Western countries, China outlawed the practice in 1949 with its joining of the modern state system. However, corruption in the form of the monetization of public offices became something of an informal norm, and for many, presented as a mandatory step to gaining a desirable office. Additionally, it can be argued that in a democratic state, because officials must pander to the general public, there is much less focus on pleasing higher-ups and more on the people they will be elected to represent. Communism itself could be a cause of
Usually, the local businesses see the international industries as a threat, and this may pose a challenge even to the customers. There could also be a perception of the foreign countries bringing rejected good within the country to profit from the mass market. At some point, Wal-Mart was forced to shut down its stores in China for violating its local laws and later made to pay the fines. The cost of borrowing is also fast increasing in China as the government has continued to increase the minimum reserve requirement. Consequently, Wal-Mart may fail to get extra funding while in need which may end up affecting their expansion prospects.
1. Historical sites in Intramuros are losing their public appeal and importance due to the unrelenting deterioration of these infrastructures Intramuros, before it was colonized by the Spaniards, was a native settlement found near the shores of the Manila Bay, south of the entrance to Pasig River. With its strategic location near the coastline of Manila Bay, it became an ideal site for trade and commerce. Natives, under the rule of Rajah Sulayman, their chieftain, took advantage of this position and traded with the neighboring countries such as China, India, Boneo and Indonesia making their community thrive and flourish with great ease. The town was made out of a multitude of nipa huts surrounding the homes of the chieftains, while residents inhabited the higher region of the town, forming a village of 2000 people.
There was a great demand for spices, especially at fairer prices, from European traders. This was because prices for pepper and other spices were very expensive and unfair. The British wanted access to spices that were not controlled by the Dutch and so found their own ports in India. Although the initial British interest in India was spices, they soon found other products to trade. In Siam early trade was done with China, natural produce being their goods, one of the main produce
Philippine is very late in terms of technology before and even up to know, what do you think is the reason behind this? Was this because of the corruption of the government before and up to know? Maybe because appointees were not focusing on this matter that’s why the way of transportation before were late. We as a Filipino, we should know better about our own country than any other visitors or travelers from any other country. It’s a very sad truth that we are living in this beautiful Island yet we travelled less on it.