These are common necessities that people in third world countries aren’t given. It is concerning when people waste food and resources, while in other parts of the world many are struggling to find food and resources in order to survive. People living in poverty can’t afford or can’t obtain nutritious food for themselves or their families. This makes them weaker and more exposed to diseases. Food is the source of all energy.
Children born into homelessness can be at higher risk for infectious disease, stunted growth rate, and anemia. These deficiencies can be caused by environmental factors and poor nutrition(Hart-Shegos 2). In the novel, the Tillerman children all struggle to be accepted in school because of their obvious differences, likely caused by the time they spent homeless. They have experienced great hardships that they could not control, for example, their delayed development. This can be explained by, “Studies of pregnant women in New York City welfare hotels have shown their babies are twice as likely to weigh less than five pounds at birth when compared to all pregnant women.
Due to the fact that parents cannot provide for their children, and the children are too sick or do not have the money to go to school, it is hard for their health to improve. Furthermore, “less than 50 percent of households have access to safe water and only 25 percent benefit from adequate sanitation” (“10 Facts”). Similar to the aforementioned statistic of children living with malnutrition, it is astounding that less than half the population has access to clean water. When people are not able to drink sanitary water, it has an immediate negative effect on the body. They do not receive enough supplements or minerals that are found in clean water, making them more inclined to get sick.
Many children in low income homes, tend to score lower on test scores, and have higher drop out rates this may be due to lack of preparation, not having access to early childhood education programs, which means entering kindergarten, they are lacking the basic skills such as lack of vocabulary. Studies have shown, low income children enter school having heard 30 million fewer words than children from middle class families. These children also face poor nutrtion making it harder to concentrate and higher mobility, moving from school to school. Dysfunctional families also plays a role in a childs development, children coming home to stressful households can put a strain on them. (Jeanette DeForge January 08, 2015 http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2015/01/war_on_poverty_8_challenges_po.html) Child development researcher Seth Pollak of the University of Wisconsin, believes there is a toxin in the environment that is actually altering children’s developmental biology and that is poverty.
But children raised in poor households often fail to learn these responsibilities" (Chapter 2. How Poverty Affects Behavior and Academic Performance). Combining the abuse of substances and the stress caused by poverty, a chaotic home environment is formed for a child and their family. Mentally, families break down and generally create an atmosphere far too turbulent for successful growth and development for the children. The editorial from the "Urban Child Institutes," says that, "…the futures of the children are now
Low birth weight also affects the family and the entire community. Family resources are spent in providing health care to the child. This condition also results to low productivity among the community members since an individual is needed to take care of the child. Children born of Low Birth weight are more likely to die than a child born of normal weight. Preemie parent alliance is an organization that supports premature children and their families.
A third of the child population below the age of 20 are considered obese. The way Americans eat today and the lack of physical activity is leading to serious health risk that will continue to get worse as children age. Parents need help from the government to help make changes in the environment that children grow up in. such as, limiting the unhealthy advertisements targeted at children, creating safe places for children to place and exercise, and encouraging parents to prepare nutritious meals for their children as opposed to fast food (Childhood Obesity). Interagency Working Group has started making a difference by setting recommendations for foods advertised to children.
They are often unable to send their kids to school because they are moving around a lot, and do not have a permanent home. They also will most likely not have enough money for clothes or school supplies. Admitting that only 11.69% of American citizens don't get an education, in some countries, education is not available for anyone. To restate, this proves that Americans are spoiled because we did not earn most of the things that we have, it was just given to
In the United States, estimates show that a substantial number of children under age five live in households that are food insecure. That means that they do not have food, or they lack sufficient quantity or quality of food to fuel a healthy and active lifestyle. A new study has found that children who experience food insecurity in early childhood are more likely to start kindergarten less ready to learn than their peers from homes that are food secure. Since early childhood is such a vital period of physical and social-emotional growth, food insecurity in the early years of life is especially destructive and can intensify the impacts of other hazard components related with poverty, inclusive of decreased access to health care and shaky or
Girls and women who are poor, live in remote areas, are disabled, or belong to minority groups continue to lag behind. Too many girls and women are still dying in childhood and in the reproductive ages. Women still fall behind in earnings and productivity, and in the strength of their voices in society. In some areas, such as education, there is now a gender gap to the disadvantage of men and boys. Gender inequality is seen at the very highest level, with women underrepresented in government decision making positions.
According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. Children around the world grow under poverty, and its effect can last throughout their lifespan. The main effects of growing up in poverty include poor health, the lack of an education, and high risk for teen pregnancy. Poor health is a direct effect of growing up in poverty, because of their family’s economic circumstances children may not get adequate medical coverage. In that case the child will not have the proper immunizations and checkups that are necessary to ensure
Unstable markets cause fluctuations in food product prices, which affect the majority of the population, because they live in poverty. Poverty stricken families and neighborhoods simply cannot afford most food, and when food product prices are unstable, it is almost impossible for them to get the nutrition they need to survive. “Over one billion people in the world live under one dollar a day.” (Felling 57) Given this number, it is impossible for those one billion people to afford the nutrition they need daily, let alone when the food prices fluctuate. Most of the children within these families are then undernourished and suffer the consequences hunger has due to the unstable markets within the economy. This unstableness of food prices in a region causes families and children to heavily rely on agriculture for their food and nutrition, but the lack of emphasis and funding on agricultural systems leaves children with nothing.
Like the fact that women make up the majority of the lowest paying jobs. Raising the minimum wage would make a significant differences, said Graves. Others have said the increase is a result in the decline of men in the labor force -- not improved conditions for women. For some women, it 's even bleaker. Black women make 64 cents and Latinas make 56 cents for every dollar earned by a white man.” (cnnmoney) Now this really gets me upset because we know the gender pay gap is there but nothing is helping or getting fixed.
More than half a million children suffer from vitamin A deficiency, which cripples young immune systems. Inadequate supplements of vitamin A can lower child mortality rate by more than one-fifth” (“Heath of African,” par. 6). This disease has become an extreme problem for children because it can alter their growth and also ruin their immune system. With their health rates decreasing, children are more likely to become sick.
One can assume that when a child is raised in poverty they often do not have access to food and proper clothing these items can make it hard for children to focus in school. Lack of focus in school will lead to a lack of success, which contributes to the lack of poverty, and it becomes an ongoing cycle. In a research done by John Hopkins it was concluded that “They found that a child 's fate is in many ways fixed at birth — determined by family strength and the parents ' financial status.The kids who got a better start — because their parents were married and working — ended up better off. Most of the poor kids from single-parent families stayed poor.”