3.0 Environment Challenges in Transportation Transportation is the movement of people and goods from origin point to destination point and there are five modes of transport including air, road, rail, sea and pipeline. But transport activities have resulted in growing levels of motorization and congestion. In fact, transportation sector faced challenges of environment due to it increasingly linked to environment problem. The most important impacts of transport on the environment relate to climate change, air quality, noise, water quality, soil quality, biodiversity and land take. 3.1 Climate change The activities of the road transportation was release millions tons of gases each year into the atmosphere and our planet.
The impact would be notably severe in tropical areas thatchiefly consist of developing countries like Pakistan. In Pakistan, Climate change raises issues with its tremendous social, environmental and economic impacts. Pakistan is often exposed to natural hazards like floods, cyclones and droughts. These hazards once combined with the vulnerabilities in the form of poorness, exclusion and inappropriate political choices and actions, make individuals liable to the impacts of hazards. The agricultural sector is most prone to Climate change and changes in cropping and productivity, as results of
Global GHG emissions have doubled since the early 1970s, and the emissions would double again by 2050 without appropriate and effective emission abatement. Although international attempts have been made to reduce CO2 generation by promoting
With the development of the city in India, the environment has become the worst destroyed, the city will produce the dirty water and pollute the fresh water and the city has no money to support the whole water system, so the dirty water cannot be cleaned clearly and give the hurt to the whole environment. For a long time, the environment system becomes the bad. The government can ask the help for the water organization in the world for money. In India, the government can raise the money from the rich human to build the whole water system. Only the system become completely, the city can become the normal
So a system is needed for effective waste management. Table 1 shows the waste generation scenario in Kerala. I .Study Area: The study area we have taken is Thiruvalla Municipality, one of the fastest growing municipal area and the biggest commercial center in Pathanamthitta district, Kerala. It has a population of 56,828 with an area of 27.94km2 and a density of 2093persons/km2.Thiruvalla municipality generates 14MSW generations/tons per day. The main problem we found in
Little to No Global Warming Emissions Human activity is overloading our atmosphere with carbon dioxide and other global warming emissions, which trap heat, steadily drive up the planet’s temperature, and create significant and harmful impacts on our health, our environment, and our climate. Electricity production accounts for more than one-third of U.S. global warming emissions, with the majority generated by coal-fired power plants, which produce approximately 25 percent of total U.S. global warming emissions; natural gas-fired power plants produce 6 percent of total emissions [1, 2]. In contrast, most renewable energy sources produce little to no global warming emissions. According to data aggregated by the International Panel on Climate Change, life-cycle global warming emissions associated with renewable energy—including manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance, and dismantling and decommissioning—are minimal
Therefore this paper aims to highlight the sanitation problem in India and suggest the remedies to control environmental pollution to make the India healthy .One thing which needs to focus is ‘sanitation in Indian Railway ’. INTRODUCTION:- India is the seventh largest country by area, the second
Plastic pollution in India General Plastic waste is one of the major environmental problems in India, especially in the urban areas. The population of India is 1.252 billion as of 2013. This increasing population has led to an increase in the generation of plastic waste. Use of polythene bags and plastic litter are the key sources of plastic waste in the country. Due to the lack of enough landfill sites in the country to dispose the waste generated from the households, the garbage bins on the roadside are spilling out.
Climate change adaptation can only be effective and sustainable when it starts and ends with the people. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2009) argued that the proof of effective climate change adaptation strategies will be in stronger resilience of millions of people living in communities most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. For this reasons, context-specific decisions are required to adapt to such uncertain vulnerabilities. Nigeria has a varied mix of geographic features that makes adaptation particular to each locality. Sayne (2011) quoted that altitudes range from 3,000 feet to less than 10 feet above sea level.
The data available from the Environment information system (ENVIS) centre indicates that the levels of small particles less than 10 micron (PM10) are showing sharp rising trends in the Indian cities. According to the UN agency’s latest pollution data, Delhi (not Beijing) tops the list of most polluted cities. Among the world’s 20 most polluted cities in the world, 13 are in India. India is in the group of countries that has the highest particulate matter (PM) levels. Its cities have the highest levels of PM10 and PM2.5 (particles