He did not like to be fit in box and rather tried to think out of box to express his ideas to readers. “Song of Myself” is clearly the most famous poem that demonstrated Whitman’s unconventional style and his idea of democracy. The poem came first in series of twelve untitled poems and dominated other poems with its quantity of the size in volume, innovative techniques and original themes. Whitman is a strong believer in democracy, the freedom of individuals. Therefore his poems have many free verses which demonstrated freedom in writing poems.
Many people of the Harlem Renaissance and Black Arts movements, along with later movements, described Toomer’s work in Cane as an inspiration in their own works. “When the writers of the early Harlem Renaissance read Cane, they were pleasantly surprised. Jean Toomer mostly associated with progressive white writers of the late 1910s and 1920s. After writing Cane, he was proclaimed by the black writers as the most promising black writer of that time” (Whisenton 5). His work in Cane was applauded for its recognition of African American culture and struggles, along with its representation of sexual issues that are still overly present.
Langston Hughes uses images of oppression to reveal a deeper truth about the way minorities have been treated in America. He uses his poems to bring into question some of Walt Whitman’s poems that indirectly state that all things are great, that all persons are one people in America, which Hughes claims is false because of all the racist views and oppression that people face from the people America. This oppression is then used to keep the minorities from Walt Whitman in his poem, “Song of Myself”, talks about the connection between all people, how we are family and are brothers and sisters who all share common bonds. He says, “And I know that the spirit of God is the brother of my own,/ And that all the men ever born are also my brothers,
Toni Morrison, the famous and leading contemporary African-American writer, awarded highest honour for letter when she was named the winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize for literature. Her constant focus on the life of the black and revival of their past make her literary discourse to reproduce a true history of the black people that was overlooked by the mainstream society as Morrison argues that “There seems to be a more or less tacit agreement among literary scholars that, because American literature has been clearly the preserve of white male views, genius and power are without relationship to and removed from the overwhelming presence of black people in the United State” (Morrison, 5). Through her work, she tries to heal the suffering of her people and argue them to look at their cultural roots and recreate their cultural consciousness. Morrison’s novels have a complex relationship with history. All her novels are historical novels in which characters, as Barbara Rigney states, “are both subjects of and subject to history, events in real time, that succession of antagonistic movements that includes slavery, reconstruction, depression, and war” (61).
Firstly, “Daybreak” defines a new start, which is possibly a biblical allusion to dying and going to heaven, evoking an image of tranquillity and serenity, where all races are equal in the “Garden of Eden”. In addition, “Alabama” is notorious for its negative symbolism of industrial slavery, yet also a place where many renown activists, such as, Martin Luther King Jr and Rosa Parks, have protested and are commemorated in because of their works in fighting racial inequality, reinforcing the idea of hope. The free verse structure of the poem visually presents how each race is not alienated
It just simply would not work, because Martin Luther King is known for being a strong African American. I think sticking to the race enhances the play’s realness. However I do believe that there should be more opportunities with plays that have different races in them. Thanks to August Wilson’s work, I came to the conclusion on what I truly believe about colorblind casting and what side I take. August was a complex man.
Ralph Ellison wrote Invisible Man as an ode to his people - some of whom had suffered from numerous instances of outright racism, and some whom who were deceived into believing it wasn 't around them until it was too late. Invisible Man brings this to light through Ellison 's rhythmic ways of writing, using contrasts of the most nonsensical experiences to the most directly phrased realities. Ralph Waldo Emerson, named after Ralph Waldo Emerson, related thoroughly with the narrator in Invisible Man. The book is almost autobiographical in a way, Ellison intertwines narratives of the gross treatment he and his colleagues had to endure. Ellison was brought up in the South, similarly attending university in the manner of the narrator and making his way to New York to find a job to return back to this university.
Twain used him and his environmental background to connect racism to the relationship between Huck and Jim. Jim was a slave but that does but “nigger” is the correct term to describe him even though the author portrays it in this manner. The relationship between these two characters grew very deep with the progression of the novel but so did the understanding racial differences between the two. In chapter 14, Huck says, “Well, he was right; he was most always right; he had an uncommon level head, for a nigger” (Twain 176). Although this may appear to be a compliment, I felt that the positive aspect of this statement was taken away when Huck lacks the understanding of how rude it is to refer to Jim as some “nigger”.
However, they have different philosophies toward their social and racial problems. McKay’s rejection of his blackness urged him to follow the traditional style and form of the English romantic poets. On the other hand, Hughes’s acceptance of his black roots motivated him to be the spokesman of his persecuted race. So, McKay had the aspiration of being a universal poet not a black poet—a matter which Hughes himself strongly criticized. In his famous article “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain”, Hughes found fault with those black poets who aspire to universality for it implies their subconscious desire to give up their blackness and their heritage as well.
Langston Hughes, the brilliant poet and author of the twentieth century, once wrote that it was the “mission of an artist is to interpret beauty to people - the beauty within themselves.” This mission delegated to all artists was no easy task; especially African-Americans who were consistently persecuted and ignored by white supremacists. For example, if you had an idea - an idea that would change the way that people think of you - but were persecuted and attacked for presenting it, would you make that idea a reality? The African-American artists of the 1920s and 1930s went against all oppression and published wonderful works, making them one of the first people of color to openly share their masterpieces in a racist America. This period of mass publication in the 1920s was known as the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was a time of rebirth for African-American culture, which left a legacy in jazz, literature, theater productions, motion pictures, and visual rats.