War Communism: The Main Impacts Of Lenin's Civil War

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However, economically, Lenin’s War Communism was extremely significant as well. War communism was created as Lenin needed to keep his civil war soldiers supplied but keeping the front supplied as well as the cities wasn’t as easy as it could seem. He had to go to great lengths. The state took control of industry and were in charge of the production of the factories in the cities while in the country side Lenin sent the Cheka (his secret police) to force the peasants to give out their surplus grain and the peasants hoarding the grain would be severely punished by the Cheka. Some peasants decided to produce less as it would be taken from them anyway. As the Cheka became more and more violent, terror struck. They named it the Red Terror and the people opposing the state would be captured and shot without trial or sent to camps. Nevertheless, Lenin was the one to impose the extremely significant NEP due to the state of the Russian Economy. The NEP, which stands for New Economic Policy had four main features: Taking grain by force from the peasants was stopped, they would all give a fixed amount to the government as tax but they could keep the rest and sell it if they pleased. This was significant as the peasants were able to make their own profits when selling their grain separately. Traders were allowed buy and/or sell goods. Small factories were returned to their previous owners from whom the factories were taken during Lenin’s War Communism in 1918; however, the state still

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