The Constitutional issue is that it does not say anywhere in the Constitution that you cannot arrest someone because they are Japanese. Some Supreme Court Justices said that it was legal and others said that it was illegal. The Court ruled that it was legal to arrest the Japanese because the military recommended it and the ruling was six to three.
On December 7th, 1941,when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor there was a intense pressure of anti-Japanese feeling in Canada. They feared that the Japanese Canadians would help Japan to invade Canada 's West Coast. Anyone of Japanese origin in Canada were treated with suspicion, hatred and discrimination. Many spoke no Japanese and had little or no connection to Japan. But within a week the Japanese Canadian homes, businesses and boats were taken under the War Measures Act without any form of restitution.
Facts: President Roosevelt acted to prevent occurrence of subversion and espionage from people of Japanese ancestry residing in the United States. Roosevelt announced two executive orders that quickly became a law. The first one permitted the Secretary of War the power to appoint specific areas of the country as military areas and also exclude others from the area. The second created the War Relocation Authority that had the authority to remove and supervise people that were excluded from the areas. Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi, a student attending University of Washington, was found guilty of infringing a curfew and relocation command.
This was not the case because the Government didn’t allow the Issei to become citizens because of bias stereotypes the Americans had of the Issei. The Nisei had their rights violated because by birth they were Americans so that automatically makes them loyal to America. When the government came and collected them, they were given questionnaires that was supposed to prove their loyalty on how they answered, which meant the government was collecting all types of private information without valid reason which is in violation of The Fourth Amendment. When Robert Gordon Sproul gave his speech, he took the stance of defending the Japanese Americans. “The American citizen of Japanese ancestry
Defying public expectations, Ralph Carr announced that the Japanese would be welcome in Colorado. He stated, "If we do not extend humanity 's kindness and understanding to [the Japanese-Americans], if we deny them the protection of the Bill of Rights, if we say that they must be denied the privilege of living in any of the 48 states without hearing or charge of misconduct, then we are tearing down the whole American system." But Carr didn 't stop there. He informed his constituents that his stance was immutable--he would not tolerate racial hatred. "If you harm [the Japanese], you must first harm me,"
The definition of a just society is that everyone has equal rights regardless of gender race. During WWII treatment of Japanese Canadians was unjust. Regardless of Japanese not being seen as security threats they were still majorly discriminated against. After the Japanese forced the surrender of the British garrison in Hong Kong and the Pearl Harbor attack, fears of a Japanese invasion was anticipated, the RCMP impounded 1,200 fishing boats, shut down
president roosevelt established that the japanese amaericans go into internment camps. he was not justified because the ones in america at the time didnt have anything to do with the bombing, on the other hand there were some japanese who acted loyal to their culture and were spies. this would be a just reason for him to have done that. the event of pearl harbor president roosevelt thought it would be a good idea to put the japanese americans in internment camps. he decided to do this because there were spies that helped japan instead of being loyal to the country they were in.
United States, 320 U.S. 81 (1943). In this case the President’s executive orders come into question as well, but instead of being based on the violation of the person not relocating, it is focused on the violation of a curfew. The court upheld that the executive order was, as well, necessary as a protective measure in a time of war. Because of this the president 's orders and the implementation of a curfew on Japanese Americans in wartime were decided to be constitutional. The court claims that “In determining validity of regulations imposing curfew on persons of Japanese ancestry in military area created under authority of Executive Order, the regulations, under the circumstances, were measures for purpose of safeguarding the military area, at time of threatened air raids and invasion by Japanese forces, from danger of sabotage and espionage.” 18 U.S.C.A.
Senjinkum was the take no prisoners policy in the Japanese army. It stated that you should never let yourself become a prisoner of war because it was cowardly, and that if the enemy surrendered you would not take them prisoner, but kill them, because they were cowards for surrendering. Either way, the Japanese were brutal. While at the beginning of the campaign, it was believed that all you had to do was hand an Australian a gun and send him off to the front, it was a completely different story. Once the Militia troops arrived in Port Moresby, their only grasp at sanity was their same fighting spirit.
On February 24 1942 Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King issued Order-in-Council P.C.1486 to remove and detain “any and all persons” from any “protective area” in the country. This order was specifically targeted towards the Japanese- Canadians living on the West Coast of British Columbia. In a matter of weeks the the first Japanese-Canadians were forced to move to an area called Hastings park, which was considered a “protected area”. More than 8,000 detainees were moved to Hastings Park, where women and children were housed in livestock homes. They were later transported to ghost towns in BC or move to Alberta or Manitoba in order to work on sugar beet farms, where they would have been able to keep their families together.
In 1944, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the exclusion orders. The Court limited its decision to the validity of the exclusion orders, adding, "The provisions of other orders requiring persons of Japanese ancestry to report to assembly centers and providing for the detention of such persons in assembly and relocation centers were separate, and their validity is not in issue in this proceeding." The United States Census Bureau assisted the internment efforts by providing confidential neighborhood information on Japanese Americans. The Bureau 's role was denied for decades, but was finally proven in
There are no alternatives. We shall brook no delay.” The Japanese had viewed their emperor to be a God, and any agreement for surrender would have to ensure the safety of the emperor, otherwise the Japanese would not agree to it. They had chose willingly to brush off Japan 's offer of a surrender and chose to irreparably scar Japanese citizens with the atomic bomb, a decision I cannot endorse nor