The war on drugs propagated by the prison-industrial complex is a failed draconian system that should be replaced with an emphasis on rehabilitation and removing the focus on low-level offenders that do not significant reduce the drugs on the market. The film The House I Live In by Eugene Jarecki, highlights similar problems that people, especially low-income minorities face when dealing with the justice system. Lack
In the 20s, the American government tried to enforce a ban on alcohol, but in the process, caused “the greatest crime wave in the country 's history, causing thousands of deaths from bad alcohol, and creating a general (and persisting) contempt among the citizenry for the laws of the United States.” Gore also uses logos when he writes that in 1969 the government slightly “curtailed” the supply of marijuana, and this led to kids getting hooked on more dangerous drugs like heroin, and overall increasing the number of deaths. He suggests that the government, and the crime organizations, benefits from making drugs illegal. That way, both sides are able to flip a profit. This also appeals to the audience’s opinion— many Americans distrust the government and have negative opinions about it.
Simply put, those who are not playing by the rules of the white rich do not deserve public assistance. He contrasts this new regime as contrasting social and criminal insecurity. He suggests that the growth of the prison industry in the United States is a political response, not to secure against rising criminal insecurity, but to combat social insecurity. This social insecurity is brought about by the, “fragmentation of wage labor and the shakeup of ethnic hierarchy” (Wacquant, 2010, p. 198).
However, despite the reliance on the food and agriculture sector, Colombia’s drug trade makes up 1 percent of the country’s GDP, and the cartels are estimated to export $10 billion annually. To put this into perspective, this means that the illegal drug trade roughly makes up a quarter of Colombia’s legal exports. Out of the $10 billion annually exported by the drug cartels, $4.6 billion of the profits were exports sent to the United States. According to a report released by Business Insider, about 90 percent of the cocaine used by American’s originate from Colombia. In addition, Colombian groups control the distribution of cocaine and heroin in the United States across 40 different cities, primarily located in the
The United States has the highest incarceration rate out of every other country in the entire world to date. Since 2002 the United States has had the highest prisoner population and currently has around 500 prisoners to every 100,000 citizens, for around a total population of 1.6 million prisoners (Tsai, Scommegna, 2016). On average many of these prisoners only have around a 10th grade education level and nearly 70% never graduated from high school (Tsai, Scommegna, 2016). With these statistics being said, it is safe to say that many of them will have a very low literacy rate. Also the prison populations in the United States is growing at an uncontrollable and unsustainable rate both financially and space inside the prisons themselves which
Also, 230 million people which is 5% of the world’s population has used an illicit drug according to a study in 2010 mentioned by Espinosa. We can see why drug trafficking is a great business globally. There was a drop however, in the consumption of cocaine in the United States that was mentioned in the study. This drop just led to the opening of new markets elsewhere causing cartel wars in Mexico. There are different kinds of strategies drug cartels use which are stationary or temporary.
New studies by the Drug Policy Alliance (which advocates for an end to the War on Drugs), tend to show that the United States spends approximately 51 billion dollars annually on this war. In June 2011 a critical report on the war on drugs was released by a self-appointed Global Commission on Drug Policy declaring that after forty years of war , the War on Drugs has failed leaving behind it a ton of devastating consequences on societies and individuals. We see that police efforts in the last two decades to control use and production of drugs have never been higher especially after an unprecedented increase in the level of criminal justice resources added to drug enforcement
After all, several of these representatives had long histories of distinguished opposition to any public policy that smacked of racial injustice (Manderson, 1999). However, in 2010, Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act, which reduced the sentencing disparity between offenses for crack and powder cocaine from 100:1 to 18:1. This—albeit a small one—was a major step in the right direction towards reversing the racist connotation associated with crack cocaine and instead focusing on the main issue that is all drugs are bad and are a problem regardless of the
Essentially, although drugs have been held accountable for gang violence and other acts of violence that have occurred within communities, the illegality of drugs indeed may have aggravated the situation. In addition, it has become evident that one of the primary objectives of the war on drugs, which is to limit supply and demand, has been largely ineffective. CSDP (2007) “ According to the United Nations, profits in illegal drugs are so inflated that three-quarters of all drug shipments would have
The Manson murders and the fear that illicit drugs are the sole reason to blame. The fear of death or being disassociated with yourself, with ego death and ego loss. And the fear of the taboo nature of drugs; are the reasons more countries and research labs do not focus on the possibilities of LSD-25. As powerful as many substances are, LSD remains one of the most potent with a threshold dose as low as 20 µg; it also remains one of the most life altering as it can help you
So forty years after the drug war was first declared, it still goes on, normalized by the commentary in media, and stereotypes assigned to those who serve time in correctional facilities. Though the argument here isn’t whether or not drug offenses should be punish, but if long prison sentencing for small amounts of drugs is the correct way to fight this war. Clearly, even after all these years, our society is a long shot from the drug free America Regan envisioned, but the disparities proves that the drug laws punish based on class and status. It would seem that the correct way to fight would be mass rehabilitation, rather than incarceration. Rather than spending trillions to round up drug offenders, and punish them alongside criminals convicted for more violent crimes,
The video depicting the course of heroin addiction/use in the United States begins by introducing the audience to the late 1960’s in which consisted of a “wave of violence and drug users” (Vox). Strict penalties resulted in the beginning of the “war” on heroin. Despite the spending of 100 billions of dollars over a course of 40 years, efforts seemed to have made little difference in the amount of heroin users. Rockefeller, a resident of the city ranked as one of the highest heroin addiction rates in the ‘70’s, instilled harsh drug laws which influenced other individuals such as John Dunn who sponsored a new law demanding mandatory prison sentences up to life for heroin abusers and sellers in the possession of more than 1 oz. of the drug. Instead
The United States has been dealing with what people call “The war on drugs” for over three decades. Over the years, drug experimentation has become very popular amongst young, middle class Americans. At first, Marijuana was a very common drug to use but as time went on hardcore drug experimentation became the new “thing”. Although the government did crackdown on major drug dealers, they paid little to no attention to the issue. It wasn 't until Nixon called on The War On Drugs.