Instead, the narrator uses a nonlinear chronological narrative structure that truly reflects the indelible and traumatic impact of war. For instance, in the embedded narrative, Billy Pilgrim is the protagonist who has the ability to haphazardly travel through travel. Here, the narrator uses time-travel as a technique to present the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) that Billy suffers from after his time in World War Two. As the implied author, the narrator intentionally uses time travel as a literal manifestation of the traumatic effect of war on an individual where the time travel is triggered by Billy’s war memories. This is another main thematic concern in Slaughterhouse Five that is simultaneously conveyed through the narrator’s blurring of boundaries between reality and fiction.
Compare and contrast the ways that Owen and Auden present the effects of war in ‘Disabled’ and ‘Refugee Blues’. Both ‘Disabled’ and ‘Refugee Blues’ intensely explore the horrors and misconceptions of war using similar and distinct tones and structures. Owen chose to present the effects of war in ‘Disabled’ by using more emotive language than Auden had used in ‘Refugee Blues’: this is evident in Owens constant reference to the ‘warrior’, whom is the voice of the poem, throughout each stanza. However, Auden referred to animals and plants, as well as scenery multiple times in his poem which is somewhat ironic as Owen talks about the ‘warrior’ in the third person, whereas Auden represented his voice in the first person narrative which is known
However, others have been touched by the terror written in pieces of literature, wishing people to understand the horror and tragedy that befell those involved. Poet Wilfred Owen composer of"Dulce et Decorum est” presents to the reader a vivid elegy, aiming to prove that war is not heroic nor decorous. As an English soldier he had to endure the hardships, but wishes that through
In Hemingway’s short stories great attention is paid to a matter of disillusionment, depression and existential difficulties. It is very probable that those are re-sults of disillusionment and dislocation that Hemingway suffered himself due to his experi-ences during World War I. Society was greatly affected by different kinds of loss, and they were defined by suffering; either physical or mental, caused by memories, trauma as well as shell-shock. Finally, Hemingway’s characters were also forced to cope with losing faith in values, ideas and beliefs which highlight the nothingness haunting humanity.
In the final line, “God is labouring to utter his last cry”. This reinforces the idea as even the creator of this world is suffering grief and despair from what humans have done. Gillian Clarke’s “Lament” explores environmental and human damage from the Gulf War. The Gulf War occurred in 1991 after Iraq invaded Kuwait, followed by the Americans bombing Iraq. Laments are a poem type where the poet expresses grief or loss, and in this poem, Clarke laments for animals, people and the environment that have suffered during the war.
The former, writer of the play ‘Journey’s End’, draws on personal experiences in order to give the audience a snapshot of the war, whilst the latter writes entirely from research and imagination in an attempt to remind modern readers about the horrors of this war. Whilst the mediums they write with are completely different, the ways in which these two writers convey the brutality of war in their respective works are often quite similar. One way in which the brutality of war is conveyed is through the use of imagery. Due to the form in which 'Journey 's End ' is written, this is chiefly achieved through the use of stage effects, particularly sound and lighting. Whilst in 'Birdsong ', the damage done by shelling is described in detail through the eyes of Stanhope, in 'Journey 's End ' it is a little bit more discreet.
The tone of this poem is more foreboding and condemnatory, not only describing the training soldiers but outright degrading their forced involvement as morally wrong. With themes rooted in the brutality of warfare and loss of innocence, both “The Last Laugh” and “Arms and the Boy” express similar messages but in different contexts. Just as before, Owen continues to personify weapons to emphasize their true role as the war mongers rather than the soldiers themselves. Owen states, “this bayonet-blade…keen with hunger of blood” (Owen 1-2). Uniquely when compared to other instances, this use of personification explicitly defines a blade as having a hunger for blood and a desire to kill, which is implemented upon the soldier who wields it.
1.) Early Yeats In the early years of William Butler Yeats ' career, he understood the idea that contemporary society was corrupted. He wrote various political poems displaying that showed he was profoundly disturbed by the the war. Yeats demonstrated this feeling in his poem "On Being Asked for a War Poem." Yeats tended to focus his work in the formation of gyres, which concerned opposing concepts such as the earth and the supernatural.
In the poems ‘Lament’ by Gillian Clarke and ‘Report to Wordsworth’ by Boey Kim Cheng, both poets highlight the death and destruction of nature through human selfishness. ‘Lament’ is set in the Gulf War in 1991, when Iraq invaded Kuwait and shows the destruction the war has created. It is also based on media reports that were collected during the conflict. In addition, ‘Report to Wordsworth’ is addressed to William Wordsworth, an English Romantic poet who respected and loved nature. Cheng explains that nature is dying due to the pollution caused by human greediness.
Conflict refers to the opposing ideas and actions of different entities resulting in an antagonistic state. The word ‘perspective’ implies a viewpoint- a manner in which we perceive ourselves and the world around us which is established as result of our experiences, relationships, and how we identify ourselves. This allows different individuals to be able to identify justifications or misconducts in relation to conflict. “The Soldier” by Rupert Brooke which glorifies death through the idea of patriotism and “Homecoming” by Bruce Dawe that accentuates the futility in the death of soldiers; both convey starkly distinctive perspectives of external conflict. In addition, the 2012 documentary “Cronulla Riots” written and directed by Jaya Balendra explores the negative impact of social conflict on those of Middle Eastern appearance in Australia.