It was a new industrial power which experienced rapid industrialisation.3 Prussian and the Saxon coal mines 'were outproducing French mines three-to-one... '4 as coal production increased 114% in the 1860s.5 This had an effect on new ways of warfare with for example with guns but also the use of railways.6 Paul Kennedy claimed: ' “The struggle for mastery in Germany” was almost complete; but the clash over who was supreme in western Europe, Prussia or an increasingly nervous and suspicious France, had been brought much closer.. ' 7 France
“America entered the 19th Century as an agricultural economy but by the end was an industrial powered nation.” (Brockman, 2017) A lot of the advancements and changes that occurred modernized the theatre and helped make the productions more entertaining. Theatre and circuses were important to the sensationalism of the 1800’s because of the excitement of having an American impact or touch on the society
Germany ended up invading neutral Belgium as well which got Great Britain, Belgium's ally, involved. Later, Great Britain joined the Triple Entente making the Triple Alliance their rival which Germany was apart of. This war plan escalated alliances and formed rivalries (Textbook, pg 412-413). A British writer wrote a memoir called Goodbye to All That which is about his experiences from the war. He reflects, “England declared war on Germany…
The “Industrial Revolution marks a human response to that dilemma as renewable fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas replaced the endlessly renewable energy sources of wind, water, wood, and the muscle power of people and animals” (Ways of the World, p. 614). During this period, economic and social changes were tied to new innovations, which led to a spike in manufacturing, special purpose machinery, and factories. It was, undoubtedly, “a breakthrough of unprecedented proportions that made available for human use, at least temporarily, immensely greater quantities of energy” (Ways of the World, p. 614). It had begun in Europe due to specific advantages.
This resulted in imperialist and colonial rivalries for the influence and control of the developing and underdeveloped world. The consequences of these interferences have had an especially long-lasting effect which still heavily lingers today. Come the end of the long-standing feud between the United Kingdom and France culminating in the Napoleonic wars , these wars effectively altered major European military systems for the better some would argue, heavy artillery such as cannons became lighter and more efficient, militias developed into much larger, more well-organised armies due to retaining much more supplies, food and drink and possible obligatory conscription . While France gathered territory, momentum, and victories rapidly, they were crushed just as rapidly with France’s calamitous defeats at the hands of the Russians and the British as the battle of Waterloo. Early showcases of Britain’s naval superiority were encapsulated here as France dared not to even tempt their luck invading by sea. Because of the war, all major European powers excluding France enacted a proposal for post-war Europe, it became known as the ‘concert of Europe’.
Due to industrialization and urbanization, the early 1900’s was a period of transformation in America. Industrialization had brought about many advances, some of the most profound were in the printing industry. The bindery machine was invented early in the century, and the first paperbacks were printed. Newspaper and magazine sales increased as advertising money poured in (American History Printing Association). Writing was lucrative, and for the first time, authors could make a living doing what they loved.
Imperialism is the act of a stronger nation extending its powers over a weaker nation to dominate its economics, political and cultural lifestyle. This is a common practice among the Europe nations, seeking new resources and materials. The materials than gets transported back to companies to manufacture into products to be sold to the markets. During the 1870s, Belgium became one of the most modernised nations at the time. It was prospering due to the success in the textile and iron industries.
It contrasted with its competitors due to unique qualities that came from engineering challenges. Fg 1 : Over London – By Rail During the 18th Century, Britain was going through major expansions as there were concerns around morals, environment, and technology. London was growing in population as it reputation as the “commercial capital of the world” grew as well with its “national self-confidence”. Railway and transportation boomed as the locomotives were the fast way of transportation.
The period after the civil war saw the United States of America economy transform to become a national economy and an industrial giant. The already existing industries quickly expanded and new ones emerged including steel manufacturing, electrical power, and petroleum refining. This period saw the rapid expansion of the railroad network which would subsequently connect even the remote parts of the country into the national economic grid essentially transforming the regional markets into a national economy. Following the economic expansion, the American society was greatly transformed creating a new crop of wealthy individuals and a dynamic middle class. Additionally, there was a vast expansion of blue collar job opportunities which quickly
The processes that made the Market Revolution of 1800-1840 possible were the spread of market relations, the movement of the population towards the West, and the rise of political democracy. The Market Revolution saw innovations in transportation and communication. For example, the telegraph, invented by Samuel F. B. Morse, made instantaneous communication possible. Moreover, the combination of the recently invented steamboats, railroads and telegraph lowered transportation costs, opened new land to settlements, and made it easier for enterprises to sell products. Additionally, the introduction of the railroads stimulated the market for coal, used as fuel, and for iron, used to build rails.
Before the American Civil War, both the Northerners and Southerners states were making economic advances. The railway allowed for the formation of a communication system that was national. The availability of railroads made the settlements of the western states easier. Immigration had a steady increasing rate and economy was booming for the North. They also discovered mineral resources that boosted the iron and textile industries of the North.
Section 1: The Second Industrial Revolution Main Idea: Breakthrough steel caused booms in construction of railroads. Many advances and different uses of oil electricity to improve communication/ transportation and construction. During the era of The Second Industrial Revolution many technologic advances have been made such advances eased the lives of the people in this era. In this era it was mostly distinguished an era of inventions and also Second Industrial Revolution is known for boom in steel production/ rapid growth of U.S manufacturing in the 1800’s During the 1800’s through the mid 1890’s the United States became one of the world 's industrial leaders.
During this time, population greatly increased around the world due to the improvements in technology, medicine, as well as the spread of crops after the Columbian Exchange. Population increase and urbanization led to the Industrial Revolution in Britain. Britain was the perfect place for the birth of the Industrial Revolution for it had raw materials (iron, coal), a stable government, and was close to water. In a matter of years, the Industrial Revolution had spread around the world to places such as Germany, Russia, Japan, and the United States, creating trade focused on manufacturing goods such as cotton textiles, and lead to the inventions of the railroad, steam engine, telegraph, and steamboat. Trade among the Atlantic Basin was no longer focused on cash crops and agricultural products, but shifted to new technologies and manufactured products created because of the Industrial Revolution, with Latin America as an exception, for it did not become
After the transcontinental railroad was created, the Railroad industry grew tremendously. In the 1890’s, America had over 163,000 miles of train tracks. There were also many technological advances. These advances were the agreement on the size of the standard train track, the development of the automatic coupler, and the air brake. These advances made the transportation of goods across America safer and