Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s public image has been nothing short of superb. He was the charismatic man who overcame polio and brought back America from the Great Depression and led them to victory in World War II. But, in actuality, Roosevelt was not as great as the history books make him seem. Where he succeeded in some areas, he failed in others. FDR’s lack of moral principles and abuse of federal power, as well as his inept handling of the Great Depression and failure to retain any foresight of his actions, results in an evaluation of a 3 out of 10 rating.
The ascension of Theodore Roosevelt to the presidency marked a dramatic turning point in bringing meaningful reform in America because he was the first ever president to lead hands on and believed that the government should serve as an agent of reform for the people. Roosevelt abandoned his Republican counterparts’ ideals of a ‘laissez-faire’ economy and turned to helping the American people through welfare programs and minimum wage laws. Above all, Theodore Roosevelt served as a voice for the masses and implemented what they had long desired.
The promises that Warren G. Harding had made in his speech, Return to Normalcy, were never fulfilled for the American people. The accumulation of racial hatred remained at a high throughout most of Harding’s presidency and nothing was changed concerning the status of the KKK. The international agenda of America did recede after the war, however, other countries still turned to America in their times of debt. Harding was not able to return to a policy of Isolationism, and therefore, he placed the country within the center fold of the other allied nations. Harding also remained ignorant to the corrupt actions of his cabinet members during his presidency. Thus, he ignored his promise to avoid further agitation within the United States and solidified this time period as a period of false change. During the reformations Post WWI, Warren G. Harding was not able to maintain his promise seen through his failure to subdue racial tension, his struggle to recede out of international politics, and his embarrassment surrounding the corruption of his presidency.
His ability to recognize and appreciate those around him played a large part in his prosperity in both law and politics. “[G]ood influences” had a habit of walking into his life and therefore he always let the ideal that “good predominates” guide his actions and influence his beliefs (Coolidge 52). Throughout his career in public service, Calvin Coolidge focused predominantly on establishing peace rather than initiating conflict. The effects of his advocation for tranquility are apparent in both his actions and his relations. His involvement in the “World Peace Treaty” and his positive relationships with his comrades, family, and ordinary citizens highlighted his desire for concord (Coolidge 152).
This put him in charge of the economic and financial stability of a nation which was facing massive war debts and had little to no connected federal infrastructure in either areas. He was not cowed by this, however, and used the leeway the Constitution provided in regards to his powers and his political connections to his advantage in passing the programs and laws he wanted to put in place.
When comparing Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson’s stance on foreign and domestic policies, there are similarities and differences. One iconic phrase we associate with Roosevelt, “speak softly and carry a big stick,” justly depicts his stance on foreign policy. Roosevelt sought after prestige for America, desiring to stand out among the nations in power and strength. At times, Roosevelt’s foreign pursuit was aggressive and resulted in conflict such as the Spanish-American War, and resistance to Roosevelt’s Corollary. But it did lead to advances of the construction of the Panama Canal, and the absorption of power over the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam, Cuba and Hawaii. Roosevelt also made a great impact on domestic policy with the introduction
In 1920, he was elected as the 29th Vice President (“About Coolidge”). However in 1923, the consequent to the death of the former
Roosevelt was elected as the United States president. He took office with the country mired in the depths of The Great Depression. FDR immediately acted on this issue and thus was born the New Deal programs. The New Deal expanded the government’s role in the depression economy, and also enhanced laws that regulated Wall Street. FDR’s
One of the ideas that spoke to me the most was the relationship between legislation and the government. Coolidge supported the notion that people must rely on themselves, rather than legislation to get them through life, and that more laws, regulations, and taxes hurt people. Agreeing strongly, I believe that these values are often forgotten this day in age because the masses have become accustomed to receiving governmental aid. The government has become too large and powerful, and leaders must acknowledge the harm that this responsibility places on both the people and the system. Power must instead be given back to the people by the ridding of unnecessary laws, regulations, and programs.
The Great Depression was a time during 1929 to 1939, It was the longest lasting economic disaster. The two presidents in term during this crisis, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover, approached this problem in different ways. Hoover’s idea on this was to have private citizens help each others, while Roosevelt believed the government should take care of its people with social programs. Looking at these ideas in more depth we can infer ways our country should go.
The 1920s were a time of complete change in the United States. Just coming out of World War I the people wanted change. Warren G. Harding saw that the people wanted change so that is what he talked about in his “Return to Normalcy” speech in 1920. Many people were very pleased with what Harding had to say in this speech. Calvin Coolidge who was Vice President under Harding also gave a speech in 1925 that had similar ideas as Harding’s speech.
Warren G Harding was a man most historians revile. He is known for the “Ohio Gang”, a group of his friends that he put into power in the United States government, simply because they were his friends. This was probably not the best idea, as one of his friends leased government land to oil barons for a huge sum of money. Jess Smith, another friend of his was bootlegging, which meant that he was smuggling Alcohol while the prohibition act was in full swing, as well as “influence peddling, and other nefarious activities” (Anthony 1). Harding also was somewhat of a ladies’ man, and the fact that he was married did not slow him down one bit. He was so brazen, that he had an affair with a woman in the white house, while his wife was upstairs in the
Franklin Roosevelt 's sudden death shook the American public to its roots. Though many had noticed that he looked exhausted in photographs and newsreels, no one seemed prepared for his passing. He had led the United States through an economic depression and the greatest war in human history. A whole generation of Americans had grown up knowing no other president. His social programs during the Great Depression redefined the role of government in Americans ' lives.
Although all of FDRs promises were not kept he worked hard for the people and under the circumstances of the Great Depression he did pretty well. Another reason that showed the Deal was successful was Reform. Reform was a huge part and did many thing for the people and the government. For example the Deal created a minimum wage system that ensured the people would get payed a certain amount of money for their work which
President Woodrow Wilson was the last of the Progressive Presidents and as such caused great economic, political and social change. He served between 1913 and 1921 during which he imposed economic change through reforms, both national and international political change and a change in the role of women, giving them the right to vote. The effects of Wilsons presidency created abundant change within American society that had long lasting impacts. Political change was imminent in Wilsons second term as he was given emergency presidential power to, in some cases, bypass Congress, to speed up the law-making process. For example, he imposed the Selective Services Act in 1917 which authorised conscription in the US so that the military could be built up quickly and would not have to rely wholly on volunteers; according to Khan Academy this was well received by the American public as they were incredibly patriotic and believed it was their responsibility to support their nation, as such few men dodged.