Stalin is given much credit for defeating the Nazis and gaining power during World War II, and its believed if it wasn’t for his toughness and strength that would not have been achieved. Russia has always taken a liking to strong and authoritative figures just like their current “President of Russia, Vladimir Putin”. Putin who in the eight years he has been in power has used Stalin as the leader he would like to be (“President of Russia”). Under Putin's reign a lot of Stalin's crimes and oppressive ways have been downplayed in the Media. The government controls Russian media and propaganda and through this they have held Stalin as more of a hero than he actually was.
He also felt the need to show dominance in communism over capitalism. On the other hand, Dwight D. Eisenhower was the opposite of Stalin because he sought out to create a society where each individual was given their own rights; capitalism; capitalism. During the years of presidency, Eisenhower led his country into many battles against any nation that was a threat of communism (“Dwight D. Eisenhower WhiteHouse.gov”). Not only were these men different in their social views, but they also had different political views
Communism was responsible for the red scare and the cold war. For centuries, autocratic and repressive tsarist regimes ruled the country and most of the population lived under severe economic and social conditions. Russia 's badly organized and unsuccessful involvement in World War I. This lead on to a popular discontent with the government 's corruption and inefficiency.
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different. The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817). Their end goal was to completely contain, or confine communism(Truman).
Imagine living in a society brainwashed by propaganda, where you only can think what you are told. From 1929-1953, citizens of the Soviet Union had to endure this under the rule of Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union in 1929 right after the death of Vladimir Lenin, the first leader of the Soviet Union. From the moment he came into power, Stalin started instilling fear in the population, and those he viewed as a threat were sent to his gulags or labor camps.
Such a position served to endear effectively it to the Western nations who were looking for an edge over the Soviet Union (Grozev, 2002). As such, even before Kennedy became the president of the US, he had cultivated critical relations with Yugoslavia. It is documented that President Tito had arranged an elaborate reception for Kennedy when still a Senator in the US. He was treated like a top national dignitary and had at his disposal the trappings of power that foreign ministers
Kravchuk is the epitome of a pragmatist as shown by Plokhy, who’s policies could accurately be described as the essence of realpolitik. He was the chairman of the Ukrainian Soviet parliament when Ukraine declares independence, making him the de facto leader. Plokhy wisely points out the Kravchuk was indeed a communist, but shows him as a political chameleon when power shifts. Following the failure of the August Coup, “Kravchuk immediately did what the opposition deputies had been demanding for days: he jumped on Yeltsin’s bandwagon.” Kravchuk’s pragmatism is what kept Ukraine out of a new union, and at arms length in the new Commonwealth of Independent States.
Final Exam Why did Stalin forbid the release of Part II of Sergei Eisenstein’s film, Ivan the Terrible? Joseph Stalin, a harsh dictator and leader of the communist party in the Soviet Union from 1929 to 1953, personally participated in the conception and production of Soviet films, most notably those directed, produced and written by Sergei Eisenstein, who won two Stalin prizes for his ability in capturing the importance of socialism and Russian nationalism in the big screen. Not only did Stalin use cinema as propaganda to promote communism and to reinforce his monopoly of power in the Soviet Union, but he also used film to portray great Russian leaders in a virtuous and strong manner. Since Stalin considered himself a great leader of Russia comparable to those in history, such as Alexandr Nevsky and Ivan the Terrible (the Great, in Russian), he was particularly demanding about how these figures had to be portrayed in Soviet films (Neuberger 90). Stalin forbid the release of Part II of Sergei Eisenstein’s film Ivan the Terrible, a two-part historical epic film about Ivan IV of Russia, because Ivan, who Stalin admired and identified with, was portrayed in an unflattering depiction, characterized by paranoia, destructiveness and cruelty.
The Soviet Union believed in communism while the United States believed in capitalism at that time. The relationship between the Cold War and the movie is clear. First of all, neither side fought the other, but they were always living in fear scared from any unexpected explosion. Both of these countries made insane decisions during that period.
But Hitler knew how to maintain his leadership; he was feared by his enemies. Any of Hitler’s political opponents would either be commanded to be scared away or killed by the Nazi SS and Gestapo (the secret police). An example is the “Night of the Long Knifes” where 77 political leaders were
Stalin desired to be the leader of the Communist party, and was willing to manipulate his opponents and play them off against each other, which he did successfully. He first joined forces with Grigory Zinovyev and Leon Kamenev (other replacement candidates) to lead the country. He used them to get rid of the most likely replacement for Lenin’s position, Leon Trotsky. Lenin had always wanted Trotsky to replace him if anything had happened; however Stalin’s heart was hardened and he ended up kicking him out of the political loop. Even in Lenin’s political testament, he worried about Stalin’s mental stability and stated that he should not be chosen to rule (Service 124).
Together, these Khrushchev used these four tools to his advantage and over time he slowly became the new leader of Russia that everyone cited with “de-Stalinization.” In his speeches, Nikita Khrushchev chastised Joseph Stalin and tried to belittle him as a person much as he possibly could. He made claims that Stalin was single-handedly responsible for taking Russia off of a safe course of development and putting it on one that did not yield the desired results. Taking things one step further, he also claimed that many of his opponents were at one point or another working with Stalin as he committed these “crimes” against the Russian people
Dictatorship is when a certain person or a small group control everybody in the country. (Encyclopedia Britannica) Dictatorship makes it so the leader controls what the people do. This also includes Communist Dictatorships like the Soviet Union. Our colony is strongly against dictatorship because there is always someone that has too much power when everybody else has no freedom to question it whatsoever. In Earth’s past whenever they had dictators they usually threatened the world.
Reagan’s speech was directed to Mikhail Gorbachev, the Former General Secretary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union. He wanted him to give the order to tear the Berlin wall down. Many people believed that it was Reagan’s speech was the main reason why the wall was taken down. The Soviet Union did agree, but there was already a tremendous amount of already damage done by
The Cold War lasted forty plus years and these conflicting ideologies threatened peace throughout the world, consequently the battle verses communism and democracy was at the root of the Cold War conflict. Social, political, and economic conditions of the world were influenced by the ongoing threats of the Cold War. In the Soviet Union, communist rulers firmly controlled all aspects of Soviet life and they dominated Eastern Europe through imperialism. The Soviet government held a tight grip on its citizens and used fear to control them, hence western influences were forbidden because the government thought it would poison and threaten their beliefs. The government and economy was often unstable and was frequently on the verge of collapse,