The October Manifesto 1905 was a political reform in response to Bloody Sunday which allowed freedom of speech and creation of the Duma, a parliamentary body. The Duma gained control over laws and created hope and expectation for further reforms. However, Nicholas II, the Tsar, still referred to himself as an autocrat in the October Manifesto document. The Fundamental Laws 1906 contributed to growing grievances in Russia as the people were denied a political voice and reaffirmed the Tsar’s power with the use of ‘veto’ meaning ‘I forbid.’ Moreover, Nicholas appointed Stolypin in 1906 as Prime Minister to address protestors and peasant poverty. Stolypin’s policies addressed any opposition to the regime with the use of secret police and executions, thus known as ‘Stolypin’s necktie.’ Stolypin’s policies demonstrate a failure of the Tsar to create effective political reforms resulting in the downfall of the Romanov
Czar Nicholas II In 1917 the long trial of the Russian Revolution fell upon the citizens and serfs of Russia. The Russian Revolution was influenced by many people, but the country especially suffered from the choices of two men named Czar Nicholas and Vladimir Lenin. Both leaders had a different impact on the country of Russia, but Czar Nicholas’s poor leadership and stubbornness was the main contributor to the start of the Russian Revolution. Czar Nicholas II came from a long line of Russian rulers, and each of the leaders before him were known for their poor leadership. As suspected, Nicholas II was not the best fit for a king.
People think they should have more power and start wars with other countries. For example the First World War. This war happened because people wanted more power and therefore it was partly caused by Nationalism. Conclusion: To conclude my findings, I think we can say the long-term effects of Nationalism are both negative and positive. As I explained, people want more power and started wars with other countries.
The Turning Point in World History Disputes over the major turning points during 1917 have been controversial throughout centuries. The twentieth century can be characterized as a time of crises regarding World War I and the Russian Revolution. Wars began for several reasons, but the outcome of them determines how the countries will operate for the years following. World War I was a fight over militarism, nationalism, and suppresses disputes as a result of World War I, Russia was challenged to change the tsarist government. 1917 was an extremely critical year for the world, which changed history for years to come.
Communism, an ideology developed by Karl Marx, was a key component in the revolution of USSR. Marx envisioned a society where the lower and upper classes were equal in regards to property and rights. During the Russian Revolution, an extensive amount of propaganda was used to promote communism. Although propaganda was used in various forms, the posters made a huge impact in convincing the population of Soviet Union to support the communist cause. The posters contained several healthy messages about the effects of the revolution in Soviet Union.
The incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II surrounding and leading up to the events which caused the outbreak of the 1917 Russian Revolution can be said to be the main cause of this event as all the main causes can be traced back to the Tsar’s lack of the leadership skills required to run Russia successfully through times of war and national reform. Tsar Nicholas’ failure to adapt to the changing politics of European society and command his country with the strength and skills needed led directly to the causes of the 1917 February/March revolution through his neglect during the 1905 revolution as well as contribution to the causes of those uprisings, the lack or incompletion of social and economic reforms throughout Russia at the turn of the 20th century, Russia’s involvement in World War 1 (WW1) and the Tsar’s incompetence in military leadership, and the failing of the backward thinking Romanov rule as Russian civilians became disillusioned by their Tsar by the suffering indirectly implemented on them by his mistakes. The 1905 revolution is one of the main events which led up to the revolution in 1917. This uprising was caused primarily by the Russo-Japanese war, the political policies of the Tsar, the Bloody Sunday massacre, the failure of modernisation and industrialisation, and the October manifesto. Russia’s involvement in a war with Japan in 1904 was a fatal mistake for the Tsar as he misjudged the strength of the Japanese and because of this Russia went through
There were roughly six countries involved, and a factor for this war taking place was the growing fear about the power Russia had obtained. During the war, despite Russia being a match for the Turkish army, they were outmatched in regard to the power of the European military; this drew further attention to the backwardness of Russia in comparison to the western countries. Russia was ill-equipped to provide their troops the necessary supplies in a timely manner, and there weapons were outmatched by the modern weapons their adversaries were using. Nicholas I died in 1855, devastated by the standing Russia had in the war, and his son Alexander II became czar during this war. Alexander II accepted a peace treaty in 1856, reluctantly.
Leon Trotsky; the great communist “Life is not an easy matter...You cannot live throughout it without falling into frustration and cynicism unless you have before you a great idea which raises you above personal misery, above weakness, above all kinds of perfidy and baseness” (Trotsky). Leon Trotsky followed the ideas of Karl Marx and came up with a great idea to change Russian during the Revolution. Trotsky had great moral principles which is why Stalin despised him and wanted to “get rid” of him. Leon Trotsky was a great revolutionary who persuaded and inspired many people during the Revolution through Karl Marx’s ideas. Overall Trotsky was the best revolutionary during the Russian Revolution because he was able to accomplish his goals without
Joseph Stalin, a dictator of Russia, admitted that Russia would fall if and only if socialism in the country went from national to international. In attempts to help the country Stalin ordered a five-year plan, the plan was to help Russia transfer from an agricultural country into an industrial power. But when the five-year plan failed to work Stalin captured anyone who was “suspected of opposition” (page 804) and then sent them to long- term labor camps. Because Stalin was sending over eight million soviet people to camps and had killed over three million people, countries all over the world were beginning to fear Russia. The next dictator, Benito Mussolini, was a socialist from Italy, and wholeheartedly believed that Great War was the turning point his country needed.
Again, the Russian revolution intervene because of the wretched condition for peasants and workers in that nation. After the success of their revolution in Russia, the leaders of that revolution invited workers in the United States to up rise against their political and economic system in the US. Nonetheless, American workers ignored this invitation, instead they formed unions to advocate for them. This isolationist policies of the United States would continue until World War 2
It can be argued that Peter the Great had a lot to pick up after, especially following Ivan IV’s reign, the Time of Troubles, false Tsardom, and the great Raskol. However, Peter the Great creatively used all of these disadvantages to his own advantage. Rather than “tearing apart” society, Peter the Great reoriented Russian society by means of merit and collective productive contribution to society. Although it can be disputed “whether Peter the Great was a “revolutionary” tsar, Peter’s immense impact on Russia’s service system is simply undeniable” (Kaiser and Marker 226). It was perhaps Peter’s different upbringing that allowed him to formulate such distinguishable values that the country ran on during his reign.
After WWI, there were large numbers of people seeking entry into the United States. During WWI the Russian Revolution occurred, and communism became an important part of politics. Some immigrants from Europe believed in socialism and anarchy. These ideas threatened U.S. capitalism and beliefs about American freedom. Americans reacted in different ways to the events by expressing anti-immigrant nativism, a fear of communism and patriotism to attack these fears.
One man, Vladimir Lenin saw that Russia was spiraling downwards, having lost two battles in a row and having the highest death count out of all the European countries he saw that a change was needed. Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks who were a communist group that wanted to draw out of the war and over thrown Czar Nicholas II. Preaching peace, and food he wanted, ¨the offer of peace, the salvation of Petrograd, salvation from famine, and the transfer of land to the peasants who depended on them,¨ (Document 8). People were drawn into this and, ¨increasingly taken in by the propagandists of the united Socialist Party and their internationalis ideas,¨ (Document 9). This combined with high death rates, starvation, communist ideals started the overthrow of Russia and the end of the war.
They all jumped in to help their friends that were pointing a finger at somebody else. The war could’ve just been a spat between Austria-Hungary and Serbia if Russia hadn’t been so eager to protect the other countries, like Serbia, they had an ethnic tie with. Although there are many possible reasons for the war, militarism, imperialism, and alliances are the main three with alliances being the most main reason. Militarism and imperialism riled up the countries, making them angry and afraid, but alliances really pushed the countries over the edge into the war. It all just piled up into one big, bad heap of hatred that spurred the countries