As we look at marriages in today’s day and age, it is difficult for a man to be more dominant over his wife. Women are allowed to work in any profession they choose, and do not need to rely on a man for money. However, centuries ago in the progressive era, men were superior and dominant over their wife. Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s novel “The Yellow Wallpaper” portrays this type of image where a woman is controlled and trapped in her marriage by her husband John. In this era, they considered articles exposing issues like this as muckraking.
In Dadi’s family, Dadi supports this claim as she describes being a woman as being an inferior caste. Being a woman includes being submissive and being able to work hard in a household for the family, as Dadi also expresses. Dadi sheds light on her experience when she was once a new daughter in-law. Women were to cover their face from father in laws and brother in laws as to show respect to the men. Dadi also expresses that as a new bride there were no rights for women, except though the men.
Schopenhauer claimed that women should never be left to control their children alone either, due to their short-lived, initial connection to their children in comparison to their husband’s. The female status of our social scheme is the fundamental defect glaring in our institution. Every woman is meant to serve as an obedient and submissive to a husband that they allow to rule and guide them as a lord, master, lover if she is young, and priest if she is an old
Brenda Murphy in American Realism and American Drama states that, “Desire Under the Elms is a carefully structured tragedy. It can be seen from the efforts that are made so clearly by all the elements of this play from the first until the last scenic image.”(129) Women of the mid- nineteenth century are seen to be unfit for holding property, employment and even their own mind. They are not believed to have more ability other than raising a child. The ideal woman of this time is an obedient wife and is expected to follow her husband’s every order. Elizabeth Cady Stanton in The Essential Feminist Reader believes that this society has “a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral deliquescence’s which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed a little account in man.”
As a result, most women remained at home—caring for their children/husband and running the household. Additionally, women were expected to remain subservient to their fathers and husbands—influencing a degree of sexism. With that being said, Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, contains various sexist issues from the nineteenth century. In general, these concepts are depicted through the unequal nature of Torvald and Nora’s marriage. For the most part, one might think that the Helmers have a successful marriage; however, the successful marriage is only apparent at a superficial level.
There were supposed to be modest, virtuous, sweet and should also be weak and be dominated by strong men. They were always looked down upon by society; there were moderated by their physical appearances, ability to bear children and to please their husband. Has society’s expectation for men become so lower that there are being judgmental towards women? These society’s boundless expectations towards women leads to the end of their individuality. Nora’s awakening; her rebirth has led to her own independence as when she stands for herself and at the end of act 3 (pg. )
The role of women in society has become a question of interest for writers for some centuries, since these have traditionally been depicted as mere objects of pleasure, that also were responsible for the household chores, as well as nurturing and taking care of the children. Furthermore, the way women were represented was completely opposite to men, as if gender determined one’s personality, intellect or skills. Women were seen as the weak ones, too emotional, incapable of reasoning and dependent on the males of their family (and afterwards, their husbands). On their behalf, men were the rational and intelligent part of the relationship, strong and the leaders. This opposition is clearly represented in the stories “Woman Hollering Creek” by Sandra Cisneros and “Girl” by Jamaica Kincaid, two authors that focus on the female character and approach the topic exposed before.
Sandra Bem describes “the relationship between men and women as a division of social responsibilities. Women are seen suitable for private concerns, such as familial issues, and men as the public representatives, or professional individuals. Women should know just enough about professional business that allows her to empathize with her husband when needed and is denied access to power through other political and professional aspects. Mr. Roman Motiram Janbandhu comments, the protagonists of all the novels of Manju Kapur are seen as women struggling against all odds. Manju Kapur has always tried to depict the picture of the sufferings of women at deeper level in her novels.
Mallard is described as having wrinkles that “bespoke repression” to show that her voice and free will has been repressed in marriage. When Chopin wrote The Story of an Hour females had few career opportunities, and lacked the ability to vote, so Mrs. Mallard is used as an archetype of the voiceless women in marriage and society. The argument put forward shows that it is wrong that females must be without the “possession of self assertion” in marriage and life instead they should be on equal footing with males. Chopin uses the setting in the Story of an Hour to further display the power dynamics because the housewife is merely a guest in her husband’s
Women are also stereotyped as stay at home mothers. There is an invisible restriction put on women by men that they can’t be a mother and have a full time job at the same time. Neil French, the WPP Group PLC executive stated women “Don’t make it to the top because they don’t deserve to” and that “women are rarities in the senior corporate positions because most are unwilling to make the personal sacrifices of time and energy required to be the boss” (Maich). The words spoken by this successful male go to show the inequality faced by women every day. Women have an even harder job balancing household obligations and a job.