Waste Generation In Waste Management

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ASSESSMENT OF WASTE GENERATION IN COVENANT UNIVERSITY AND ITS ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND STUDY Waste generation is an unavoidable occurrence in our societies, as the day to day activities of man draws input from his environment and this can be by use of raw materials or by making use of resources from the reserves in land, water and air (Ohaka et al., 2013). The use of these resources results in the generation of various classes of unwanted, damaged and discarded materials termed “waste” (Ohaka et al., 2013). Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of combined domestic and commercial waste generated in a given area not including hazardous industrial wastes and agricultural waste (Fobil., 2005; Kothari et al., 2010). The generation of this municipal solid waste and its management in areas of developing nations has been a major challenge and this is due to the high rate of turnover of goods produced, sold, and bought which consequently results in waste products. The factors affecting such high rate of change includes; increasing population, changing life style, increasing income, increasing use of disposable materials, excessive items packaging and consumer habit (Olukanni and Mnenga, 2015 ). The importance of proper waste management in our society cannot be overemphasized as most of the activities carried out by man leads to the production of waste which poses serious health and environmental risks. Waste to wealth is a very important topic of
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