It involves the crushing and processing of raw materials such as heavy metals which emit toxic substances. As a result, the toxic substances will linger in the soil surface for a long period of time and making it unsuitable to use. Besides that, improper waste disposal is also one of the causes of man-made soil pollution. The industrial wastes which produced by industrial activities are discharged to the soil directly without disposing them in a
Land pollution causes the land’s productivity and potential to decline to such a level that the purpose of utilising lands for building infrastructures, housings, services, agriculture, forestry and many more for the development of human being are no longer achievable (Prabhakar, 2012). Land pollution are resulted by some sources which are deforestation, mining and construction activities. Deforestation appears to be the major concern as once the land is converted into dry lands, it can hardly be made fertile again. Those areas inevitably end up as waste lands. Mining requires the removal of topsoil containing valuable organic matters.
This can lead to the loss of some types of plant and animal life as well as create long-term health problems such as cancer in humans. Damaging Effects to the Land When land pollution is bad enough, it damages the soil. This means that plants may fail to grow there, robbing the eco-system of a food source for animals. Eco-systems may also be upset by pollution when the soil fails to sustain native plants, but can still support other vegetation. Invasive weeds that choke off the remaining sources of native vegetation can spring up in areas that have been weakened by pollution.
Water pollution is a very prevalent problem throughout the world. It affects ecosystems, deters the natural food chain, and can cause disease in both animals and humans. But is water pollution affecting natural lakes and ponds in local areas? In this experiment, Daphnia magna will be used in a bioassay to find if water from local areas is habitable for aquatic organisms. Daphnia magna are small freshwater invertebrate organisms.
As two third of the earth is covered in water, if one placed gets polluted there is a way that the whole water in the planet can be polluted. 70% of earth is covered in water. Water is a very important resources for every living lives. Water pollution cause danger in the aquatic life and to humans and it leads to extinction of aquatic life that affects the food chain. If there is effect on one place of food chain, the whole chain will break and cause danger to people and animals.
Another reason why landfills are damaging the environment is that much of the waste in landfills is dumped into the ocean or lakes. This waste pollutes water supply for many areas, destroys beaches and kills of wildlife. ( Gottschling, 2016) Incinerators are not an alternative to landfills, contrary to what many believe. Many waist collectors burn the waste in incinerators. The incinerators do remove the waste but it replaces it with toxins and smoke.
Groundwater resources are affected in principle by three major activities. First of these activities is excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural areas. The second one is untreated/partially treated wastewater to the environment. Finally, excessive pumping and improper management of aquifers result. The activity of solid waste disposal in open un-engineered landfill is the one of the factor that cause the ground water pollution due to lack of pollution control interventions such as water proof layer, leachate treatment pond, monitoring wells etc.
Water pollution. Water pollution is any chemical, physical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks or uses or lives in it. When humans drink polluted water it often has serious effects on their health. Water pollution can also make water unsuited for the desired use. Usually water pollution is caused by the waste from sewage, and factories.
The Dangers of Water Pollution Water pollution is when water is contaminated by garbage or other types of waste. Pollution can greatly affect humans and animals. Water pollution has one of the most damning effects on the environment because it harms wildlife, can ruin businesses and can be hazardous and possibly even lead to death. One reason water pollution is so deadly is that it can greatly harm wildlife. For instance, Mason Sherri states “Some experts think that drinking even small amounts of these substances over many years may have harmful effects."