Fourth and last, it is argued that an international political system being a system itself necessitate an order and should be able to provide harmonious relationship between states. This would only be achievable through endowed cooperation between states and understanding on each others set of beliefs and interests. These
As the impacts of our vitality utilization influences environmental change, vitality sparing is usually considered when individuals think about nature, yet there are other imperative types of preservation that are similarly as critical. Water is clearly key for human survival however it is effectively underestimated in present day homes and urban areas. However, water deficiencies are ordinary, even in nations as prosperous as the UK. In Britain, water levels in our stores can frequently fall unsafely low and hose pipe groups and other water sparing strategies have must be presented in many parts of the nation amid the late spring months. Sparing water is, accordingly, an imperative piece of taking care of nature as sparing vitality and squandering water is
CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study Water is essential resource which contributes to socio-economic development and a healthy ecosystem. Due to its potency of affecting life in diverse ways, conscious efforts have been made towards achieving basic water security (Grey and Sadoff, 2007). However, the situation of water scarcity persists in most parts of the world (Molle and Mollinga, 2003). Water stress is defined as a point at which the aggregate impact of all users impinges on the supply or quality of water under prevailing institutional arrangement to the extent that the demand by all sectors including the environment cannot be satisfied fully (UN Water, 2007). It is estimated that almost one-third of the world’s population
As a developing country, Indonesia also suffer water scarcity in term both quantity and quality. The water scarcity drive to find another water resources that is cheap and easy to obtain. One of the water resources that can be used is rainwater by applying the rainwater harvesting system. Collected rainwatercan be used to replace and reduces the use of groundwater or tap water. Rainwater Harvesting System performance is strongly influenced by rainfall, water demand, and the storage tank capacity.
Threats Regulatory changes impact on operations When the government decided to introduce competition through deregulation, there was a threat of SingTel losing its market share to M1 and StarHub when they entered the industry. However, this was not the end of competition. More recently Optus, the fully owned subsidiary of SingTel has reduced revenue due to lower mandated call termination charges. Competitive Pressure leading to pricing crunch The HHI (Herfindahl-Hirschman Index) for Telecommunication has generally been low due to increased competition. With de-regulation of markets the threat of new entrants has also increased (Singapore).
Social constructivism states that countries do not fix their identity and state interests; they are instead socially constructed through mutual interactions and communication. (Nishizaki, 2014, 8) This idea was first introduced by Alexander Wendt. He mentioned that events that occur between two states determine their relationship. Since Singapore gained independence, its attempt to develop friendly ties with Malaysia has been successful especially in the recent years with current prime minister of Malaysia, Dato' Sri Najib Tun Razak. Despite the conflict between the two states over the island of Pedra Blanca where a lighthouse is located, both countries managed to reach a common consensus that it belonged to Singapore.
The epidemic of neglecting the eminence of water in Lebanon is best illustrated when it comes to water pollution, lack of water conservation methods, and unjust beach exploitation. On the other hand, this significant issue could be resolved by the collaborative efforts of the Lebanese society and authority. The primary aspect of water slovenliness in Lebanon is its pollution, which is a recent problem. Prior to the industrial revolution, people adapted to the primitive human lifestyle of cooperating with nature. However, the rise of the industry and capitalism in the world lead to the globalization of the idea of prioritizing material over nature which in turn resulted in exhausting and thus polluting natures’ resources, mainly water!
To compensate the loss Pakistan build Dams on Indus and Jhelum Rivers but with the passage of time water resources became short population growth is another very important factor behind it. On the Other Hand, India did not want to compromise with Pakistan and Violate all terms and conditions of Indus water
But, many of these measures are not implemented properly or are not inspected by the concerned authorities. 8. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS After the detailed study and analysis of all the laws and regulations pertaining to control the water pollution, and reading about various enforcement agencies like National Green Tribunal, Central pollution control board and State pollution control board etc. and their roles in curbing the menace of water pollution, we come to the conclusion that though we have laws and regulations to curb pollution but these laws are not stringently followed. As a result, our rivers are in a really pitiable state.
Also this situation can generate conflicts of interests due to the fact that the same scholars can assist the Shariah boards of two competitors.Some countries like Malaysia have tried to sort this lack by training scholars but the process is slow and costly. 5) Lack of uniformity of Shariah standards The existence of different Shariah boards and different Shariah opinions promotes inconsistent interpretation and application of Shariah rules. A contract can be legal in one jurisdiction (like lease and sale back) and completely illegal in the others. The lack of Shariah scholars of high standards is a major problem is Islamic finance. Shariah scholars can be counted as 60 worldwide and earn high fees.